China’s rise is having a large impact on the global science system. The internalisation of this system in the past two decades would not have been possible without the outbound and especially the return flows of overseas Chinese scientists. This book explores their impact combining macro-level institutional and statistical analysis with an account of how the research culture has changed at the operational level. The theoretical framework used departs from the human capital approach, by building on literature from migration studies and evolutionary theories of the science system. It presents the results of an innovative mix of quantitative and qualitative methodological approaches. Overseas Chinese scientists and returnees are shown to have played an important role in shaping the internal development of the Chinese research system, as well as its relationship with research systems in Western Europe and North America. Now that the situation is improving, return has become an increasingly interesting option for expatriate researchers. This development may result in a virtuous cycle.
Based on extensive and original empirical research Mobility, Migration and the Chinese Scientific Research System will be of interest to scholars and postgraduate students of research systems in general and the Chinese research and innovation system in particular.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. The Transformation of the Chinese Research System 3. The evolution of the molecular life sciences in China 4. Support for international research collaboration 5. The outbound tide, students and scientists leaving China 6. Trends in International Collaboration 7. The returning tide, returned scientists 8. The role of returnees in the changing of the Chinese research culture 9. Conclusions
Dr Koen Jonkers is a post-doctoral researcher at the CSIC Institute of Public Policy. He received his PhD from the European University Institute in 2008. His research in social studies of science focus on scientific mobility, institutional change, and international collaboration in S&T.