Originally published in 1982 and contributed to by a range of international authors and experts in the field of transport accessibility, this volume discusses the position of urban and rural transport problems of the elderly and disabled in the UK, USA, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden. Based on research, policy analysis and documental field experience the volume also discusses advances made in relevant technology, major changes in public policy and innovative proposals for system development or change.
Part 1. International Overviews 1. Social Service Transport: Transport for Elderly and Handicapped Persons A. Hitchcock 2. Belgian Policy on Mobility of Elderly and Handicapped Persons J. Harboort 3. An Overview of Developments in the United States in Transportation for the Elderly and Handicapped W. G. Bell 4. Recent Developments in Provision for the Mobility of the Handicapped and Elderly in France M. Benwell 5. Meeting the Transportation Needs of the Disabled: The Role of the Canadian Transport Commission D. B. Silverstone 6. Handicapped Transportation: Myths, Reality and Roles for the Future G. R. Latham and D. Langille Part 2: Methodology and Concepts 1. Equity in Rural Michigan M. G. Mobey 2. Housing Location and Transport for the Elderly R. E. Paaswell, E. Weinstein and M. Nalepa 3. Application of the Concept of Social Need in the Planning of Transport Services for Elderly and Disabled People J. M. Bailey 4. Market Segmentation of the Transportation-Handicapped in a Small Urban Area of the United States J. Benjamin, L. Sen and E. Walther 5. Determining the Accessibility of the Elderly in Urban Areas A. C. Southern 6. Applications of the Concept of Equity to Cost Allocation: Two Approaches J. Collura and D. F. Cope Part 3: Experiences in the Field 1. Physical and Attitudinal Barriers to Transportation Access for Disabled Persons J. J. Tait 2. The Special Transport Service for the Handicapped within Stockholm County I. Berg and L. Christensson 3. Citizen Involvement Improves Transit Planning: A Bay Area Perspective P. Piras, C. Weinstein and K. Lankasky 4. The Operation of Work of Two Voluntary Transport Schemes R. Hedley 5. Working Toward Mobility with Handicapped and Elderly Persons M H. Snyder 6. Transport Service for Disabled People in Stockport, England R. J. Lewis 7. Research Project ‘Telebus’ for the Handicapped in Berlin (West) E. Pajonk 8. Managing Scarce Resources for Elderly and Handicapped Transportation Through Careful Market Segmentation: The Port Authority of Allegheny County Experience W. W. Millar and D. M. Alschuler Part 4: Operational Response and Evaluation 1. Provisions for the Handicapped in Dutch Bus Design J. W. Lubberding 2. Performance Evaluation of Alternative Forms of Coordinated Specialized Transportation J. H. Miller 3. Wheelchair Travellers’ Response to Life-Equipped Buses Operation in a Fixed Route Transit System J. C. Falcocchio 4. Transportation Services for the Elderly and Handicapped: Special versus Mainstream Systems T. O. Wallin 5. DATS: Review of an Operating System D. Langille, S. Wilks, K. McGarry and G. Latham Part 5: Technology, Software and Technology Sharing 1. Platform-Vehicle Interface of a Rail System-Stumbling Block for the Handicapped K. R. Leimbach 2. A Model Program to Assure Use of Technology Transferred State Government to Local Transportation Providers B. J. Standish and S. Stevens 3. Microcomputer Applications in the Management of Paratransit Operations R. V. Giangrande and L. J. Harman 4. Investigation on a Combined Brake-Throttle Actuator for the Modification of Standard Automobiles for the Disabled O. H. Peters, U. Fligge, S. Frembgen and W. Nemitz 5. A Simple Car Conversion Designed to Increase the Independence of Wheelchair Users M. M. Hawken, S. Hodgson and J. D. Harris 6. An Ergonomic Evaluation of a Restraint System for Use in Short-Haul Transportation of the Physically Disabled R. M. Heron, U. Rutenberg and R. Nishizaki 7. Some Recent Developments in Computer Technology for Transportation of Elderly and Handicapped Persons A. U. Simpson 8. Equipment and Maintenance Requirements for Bus Operations Serving the Elderly and Disabled J. D. Brogan and F X. McKelvey 9. Tests of a Wheelchair Restraining Module G. Kinghorn Part 6: Coordination 1. A Behavioral Approach to Interorganizational Coordination among Human Service Transportation Agencies M. V. Busko and A. Saltzman 2. Community Initiatives and the Contribution of the ‘Voluntary Sector’ Towards Local Coordination of ‘Special Transport’ in Britain. Policy Proposals for Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England G. Lightfoot 3. Coordinated Transportation Demonstration Results J. E. Burkhardt 4. A Statewide Approach to Interagency and Intergovernmental Coordination of Public Transportation and Human Services Transportation Resources Through Consolidated Sub-State Regional Transportation Planning and Operations L. E. Sharpe 5. Billing Rate Analysis for Paratransit Operating Agencies W. R. Steinmetz and J. E. Kraus