The issues of technology and uncertainty are very much at the heart of the policy debate of how much to control greenhouse gas emissions. The costs of doing so are present and high while the benefits are very much in the future and, most importantly, they are highly uncertain. Whilst there is broad consensus on the key elements of climate change science and agreement that near-term actions are needed to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system, there is little agreement on the costs and benefits of climate policy. The book looks at different ways of reconciling the needs for sustainability and equity with the costs of action now.
Presenting a compendium of methodologies for evaluating the economic impact of technological innovation upon climate-change policy, this book describes mathematical models and their predictions. The goal is to provide a practitioner’s guide for doing the science of economics and climate change. Because the assumptions motivating different problems in the economics of climate change have different complexities, a number of models are presented with varying levels of difficulty: reduced-form and structural, partial- and general-equilibrium, closed-form and computational. A unifying theme of these models is the incorporation of a number of price and quantity instruments and an analysis of their respective efficacies. This book presents models that contain structural uncertainty, i.e., uncertainty that economic agents respond to via their risk attitudes. The novelty of this book is to relate the effects of risk and risk attitudes to environment-improving technological innovation.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Alexander Golub and Anil Markandya, 1 Cost and benefits of climate policy under uncertainty, Alexander Golub, Elena Strukova and James Wang, 2 Trade-offs between expectations and uncertainties: Application of Real Option Methodology for Climate Policy Analysis, Jon Anda, Alexander Golub and Elena Strukova, 3 Learning about Climate Change and Implications for Near-term Policy, Mort Webster, Lisa Jakobovits and James Norton, 4 Structural Uncertainty in the DICE Model, AJ A. Bostian and Alexander Golub, 5 Abatement Cost Uncertainty and Policy Instrument Selection Under a Stringent Climate Policy. A Dynamic Analysis, Valentina Bosetti, Alexander Golub, Anil Markandya, Emanuele Massetti and Massimo Tavoni, 6 The Effects of Climate Policy on the Energy Technology Mix: An Integrated CVaR and Real Options Approach, Sabine Fuss, Nikolay Khabarov, Jana Szolgayova and Michael Obersteiner, 7 Risk-averse firm and new technologies, Alexander Golub, Dan Dudek and Elena Strukova, 8 The Evolution of Technological Complexity: An agent-based simulation model of the global energy system, Tieju Ma and Arnulf Grubler, Appendix A--Main Mathematical Formulations of the Model, 9 Does the Kyoto Protocol Cost too much and Create Unbreakable Barriers for Economic Growth?, Alexander Golub, Anil Markandya and Dominic Marcellino, 10 Improving the Contribution of Economic Models in Evaluating Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Policies, John A. "Skip" Laitner, 11 The Economic Benefits of an Energy-Efficient and Onsite Renewable Energy Strategy to Meet Growing Electricity Needs in Texas, John A. "Skip" Laitner, Maggie Eldridge and R. Neal Elliott, 12 Low-cost offsets and incentives for new technologies. Alexander Golub and Noah Greenberg.
Alexander A. Golub is the Senior Research Fellow for the Environmental Defence Fund, USA.
Anil Markandya is Professor of Economics at the University of Bath, UK, and Director of Applied Research at FEEM, Italy.