Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making: Understanding Conflict, Enabling Stability, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making

Understanding Conflict, Enabling Stability, 1st Edition

Edited by Joseph V. Cohn, Sae Schatz, Hannah Freeman, David J. Y. Combs

CRC Press

546 pages | 139 B/W Illus.

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Description

In our increasingly globally interconnected world, understanding and appreciating the sociocultural context within which individuals make their decisions is critical to developing successful partnerships. The collection of chapters in this volume illustrates how advances in information and social media technologies, as well as modeling and simulation tools, combined with the social sciences, can be leveraged to better understand how sociocultural context influences decision making.

The chapters in this volume were contributed by leading experts from academia, industry, and government and provide:

  • Insights into cross-cultural decision making based on recent international events, with grounding in an historical context
  • Discussions of cutting-edge modeling techniques used today by professionals across multiple organizations and agencies
  • Descriptions of specific cross-cultural decision making tools designed for use by laypeople and professionals
  • Case studies on the role of cross-cultural decision making grounded in current events and (in many cases) military applications.

Reviews

"The structure of the book is excellent and gives a framework for organizing ideas in this complex area. Hopefully books like this will by a catalyst for more work in the area and a further maturation of the models and what we can use them for."

— Rudolph Darken, Naval Postgraduate School, USA

"I think this book will impact current and future work in the areas that form the intersection of applied social science, computer science, and sociocultural methods. It provides an integrated stance on very complex social and computational issues while retaining a sense for practical application. The book offers a nice blend of theoretical, methodological, and application-focused chapters that will aid a reader in learning about sociocultural topics and applying cutting-edge methods to the real-world issues. The editors have successfully compiled a diverse set of experts to explore very challenging issues that have very real implications for the military, and more broadly, the global business and social domains."

Joseph B. Lyons, Air Force Research Laboratory, USA

Table of Contents

Contents

Foreword……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… xiii

Editors………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. xix

Contributors…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. xxi

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… xxv

Section I Building Theories

1. Expeditionary Modeling for Megacities and Other Dense Urban Areas………………..5

Brian P. Kettler, Rachel G. Hingst, and Mark A. Hoffman

2. More than Just a Story: Narrative Insights into Comprehension, Ideology,

and Decision Making……………………………………………………………………………………………..27

Scott W. Ruston

3. The Spread of Information via Social Media…………………………………………………………43

Brian M. Fairlie

4. The Spread of Opinions in Societies……………………………………………………………………… 61

Boleslaw K. Szymanski, Omar Lizardo, Casey Doyle, Panagiotis D. Karampourniotis,

Pramesh Singh, Gyorgy Korniss, and Jonathan Z. Bakdash

5. Culture’s Influences on Cognitive Reflection…………………………………………………………85

Vladimíra Čavojová and Róbert Hanák

6. Cultural Influences on Cognitive Biases in Judgment and Decision Making:

On the Need for New Theory and Models for Accidents and Safety………………….. 103

Atsuo Murata

Section II Collecting and Analyzing Data

7. The Sixty Percent Mission: An Introduction to High-Risk Ethnography

Process and Protocol in Support of the US Army’s Civil Affairs

Humanitarian Mission…………………………………………………………………………………………. 115

Tracy Saint Benoit, Clarissa Graffeo, Mark A. Carter, and Col. Richard Swisher (Ret)

8. Challenges in Connecting with the Disconnected: An Introduction

to Connecting with Communities Disconnected from the Rest of the World…….. 135

Christina S. Kang

x Contents

9. They Are Beyond WEIRD: Helpful Frameworks for Conducting Non-WEIRD

Research………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 163

David J. Y. Combs, Sarai Blincoe, Christopher P. Garris, and Eric S. Vorm

10. Deciphering the Emic Perspective in Data in Order to Assess Threat………………… 181

Laurie Fenstermacher and Lawrence A. Kuznar

11. Collecting Data and Semantic Content via Mobile Devices………………………………..205

Alper Caglayan and Laura Cassani

12. Measuring Changes in Attitudes: Using Factor Analysis to Track Population

Attitudes Spatially and Temporally…………………………………………………………………….. 221

Joseph Maddux and Jeffrey Appleget

13. Gaining Insight by Applying Geographical Modeling……………………………………….. 243

Erman Çakıt and Waldemar Karwowski

Section III Building and Validating Sociocultural Models

14. Sociocultural Capability Requirements across All Phases of Military

Operations…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 269

Walter L. Perry

15. Methods to Characterize and Manage Uncertainty for Sociocultural

Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 289

Perakath Benjamin, Kalyan Vadakkeveedu, and Satheesh Ramachandran

16. Validating Causal and Predictive Claims in Sociocultural Models……………………. 315

Amy Sliva, Scott Neil Reilly, John Chamberlain, and Randy Casstevens

17. Rapid Generation of Political Conflict Simulations for Scenarios

around the World…………………………………………………………………………………………………..335

Barry G. Silverman, David Q. Sun, Nathan Weyer, and Gnana K. Bharathy

18. Detailed Model Development Case Study: The Peace Game………………………………. 361

Matthew J. Powers

Section IV Applying Sociocultural Models to Gain

Insight into Conflict and Instability

19. Using the Social Framework Model of Trust to Better Understand Trust

in Government……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 397

Walter W. Kulzy, David J. Y. Combs, and Ronald D. Fricker, Jr.

20. Understanding Public Opinion toward Violent Extremists…………………………………423

Lewis A. Anderson and Ronald D. Fricker, Jr.

Contents xi

21. Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making: Assessing Conflict

and Stability………………………………………………………………………………………………………….449

Michael L. Bernard, George A. Backus, Asmeret Bier Naugle, Robert F. Jeffers,

and Regan W. Damron

22. Modeling Social System Resiliency: An Agent-Based Multiscale Approach……… 473

Steven B. Hall, Curtis L. Blais, and Ryan G. Baird

23. Applying Modeling and Simulation to Foreign Policy: An Afghan Example…….. 495

Corey Lofdahl

Subject Index………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 511

Author Index………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..535

About the Editors

Joseph V. Cohn, PhD, earned his BS in biology from the University of Illinois–Urbana

Champaign in 1993. He earned his PhD in neuroscience from Brandeis University in 1998.

He has coauthored more than 100 publications and presented talks to national and international

professional conferences on a host of topics, ranging from foundational neuroscience

to the nature of technical innovation. He has coedited a three-volume book series

focusing on all aspects of training system development and a single-volume book on

enhancing human performance in high-risk environments. He has received industry and

professional society awards for his research across the spectrum of the human performance

and biomedical sciences. He cochaired the Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics

Association’s Cross-Cultural Decision Making Conference from 2013 to 2015 and is a fellow

of the American Psychological Association and the Society of Military Psychologists,

as well as an associate fellow of the Aerospace Medical Association.

Sae Schatz, PhD, is an applied human-systems researcher, learning science professional,

and cognitive scientist. She has headed an array of applied research efforts, authored more

than 50 peer-reviewed scholarly publications, led the development of three military textbooks,

and received industry awards for both her publications and her research efforts.

Schatz cochairs the Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics Association’s Cross-Cultural

Decision Making Conference (2013–), is a service principal for the Interservice/Industry

Training, Simulation and Education Conference (2015–), and supports international science

and technology working groups associated with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization,

Partnership for Peace, and The Technical Cooperation Program. Schatz also maintains

close ties with her alma mater, the University of Central Florida, where she earned her

PhD in human systems in modeling and simulation in 2008.

Hannah Freeman earned her Bachelor of Arts degrees in international studies (Russian

and Eastern European studies) and Hispanic studies from Illinois Wesleyan University,

where she was awarded Phi Beta Kappa, in 2012. Freeman earned her Master of Science

degree in comparative politics (conflict studies) from The London School of Economics

and Political Science in 2013, where she also received a Russian Language Certificate. Her

research interests include the former Soviet Union and Soviet bloc, post-Soviet Russia,

human rights, national and ethnic conflict, radicalization, political violence, and terrorism.

David J. Y. Combs, PhD, earned his BA in psychology from Simpson University in 2003.

He earned his PhD in experimental social psychology from the University of Kentucky in

2010. He has also completed certifications in political psychology (Stanford University),

analysis of incomplete data sets (University of Michigan), and Afghanistan–Pakistan

regional expertise. He has completed additional coursework (applied survey sampling)

with The George Washington University. He has coauthored dozens of papers, conference

presentations, and book chapters on social psychological topics such as trust, attitude

change, experience of humiliation, and emotions resulting from political events. He is

especially interested in applying social psychological theory and methods to understanding

cross-cultural interactions within the irregular warfare context.

About the Series

Human Factors and Ergonomics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety