1st Edition

Modern Chinese Complex Sentences III Adversative Type

By XING Fuyi Copyright 2023
    310 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book is the third volume of a four-volume set on modern Chinese complex sentences, with a focus on adversative complex sentences and relevant forms.

    Complex sentences in modern Chinese are unique in formation and meaning. The author proposes a tripartite classification of Chinese complex sentences according to the semantic relationships between the clauses, i.e., coordinate, causal, and adversative. This volume analyzes representative forms of adversative type, including the prototype, the clauses linked by connectives referring to "otherwise", the combinations of clause structures and certain adversative conjunctions or linking adverbs indicating an adversative relationship, the adversative factors and relationship in two typical progressive sentences, factive sentences, and concessive forms. It also discusses the adversative type in the broad sense, classifying the different forms and analyzing the semantic meaning, pragmatic value, and implications for research and language teaching.

    The book will be a useful reference for scholars and learners in Chinese grammar and language information processing.



    1. “p, dànshì q” and relevant forms 

    2. “p, fŏuzé q” and relevant formats  

    3. Occurrence of dàn or its synonym in “jì  p, yòu q” and relevant forms 

    4. Occurrence of dàn or its synonym in “wúlùn p, dōu q"  

    5. Occurrence of què in "jìrán p, jiù q

    6. Occurrence of què in "rúguŏ shuō p, nàme q

    7. Occurrence of què in "yuè p, yuè q"  

    8. "bùdàn bù p, făn'ér q" and its adversative relationship 

    9. Progressive gèng-sentences and adversative gèng-sentences  

    10. Factive "jíshi  p, q

    11. Investigation into concessive complex sentence forms 

    12. Outline of adversative sentence forms



    XING Fuyi is a renowned Chinese linguist and a senior professor at Central China Normal University. He has been devoted to the studies of modern Chinese grammar and has initiated the clause-pivotal approach for modern Chinese grammar studies. His other major publications include Modern Chinese Grammar: A Clause-Pivot Approach and Three Hundred Qs & As about Chinese Grammar.