The supposed rationality of the urban planning of the Modern Movement encompassed a variety of attitudes towards history, technology and culture, from the vision of Berlin as an American metropolis, through the dispute between the urbanists and disurbanists in the Soviet Union to the technocratic and austere vision of Le Corbusier. After the Second World War, architects attempted to reconcile these utopian visions to the practical problems of constructing - or reconstructing - urban environments, from Piero Bottoni at the Quartiere Trienale 8 in Milan in 1951 to Lucio Costa at Bras'lia in 1957. In the 1970s, the collapse of Modernism brought about universial condemnation of Modern urbanism; urban planning,and rationality itself, were thrown into doubt. However, such a wholesale condemnation hides the complex realities underlying these Modern cities. The contributors define some of the theoretical foundations of Modern urban planning, and reassess the successes and the failures of the built results. The book ends with contrasting views of the inheritance of Modern urbanism in the United States and the Netherlands.
Table of Contents
Foreword: The City after Now. Introduction: The Modern City Revisited. Part 1: Alternative Visions. Part 2: Vision vs. Reality. Part 3: The Decline of Modernism. Afterword: The Modern city Revisited - Envoi.
'The diversity inherent in such a collection is positive especially if the reader views the works as a spring board for further research rather than a definitive review of each subject. Deckker has successfully tied together a series of disparate and sometimes opposing texts into one useful and enjoyable book to read.' - Urban Design
'This edited volume represents an examination and re-evaluation of a varied selection of concepts and constructions of twentieth-century urbanism ... the book yields many nuggets of knowledge and insight which expand comprehension of the modern city. - Built Environment