Modern Digital Halftoning: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Modern Digital Halftoning

2nd Edition

By Daniel L. Lau, Gonzalo R. Arce

CRC Press

664 pages | 449 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420047530
pub: 2008-04-24
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pub: 2018-10-03
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The late 1980s, revolutionary advances in digital halftoning enabled inkjet printers to achieve much higher image fidelity. The rapid rate of progress has resulted in numerous breakthroughs scattered throughout the literature, rendering old technologies obsolete and renewing the need for a centralized source on the current state of the art. Entirely revised and updated, Modern Digital Halftoning, Second Edition provides an integrated and up-to-date treatment of stochastic halftoning and digital printing.

Using full-color illustrations to enhance the text, this edition incorporates new topics as well as updated models, algorithms, and methods used to construct and improve the quality of green-noise, blue-noise, and multitone images. Following a review of various halftoning techniques, this edition now covers amplitude modulated dither arrays, adapting to human visual models, direct binary search, and handling stochastic moiré problems. It also presents a new chapter on lenticular printing, a means for printing color holographic images. An accompanying CD-ROM contains MATLAB® software files and illustrated examples employing algorithms, statistics, and other key concepts from the book.

Documenting the development of digital printing since the first edition, Modern Digital Halftoning, Second Edition offers a well-rounded and accurate perspective on the technological capabilities of digital printing and provides all the necessary tools for continuing research in the field.

Table of Contents


AM Digital Halftoning

FM Digital Halftoning

AM-FM Hybrids

AM Halftoning

Dot Shape

Screen Angles and Moiré

Screen Frequency


Zero-Angle Dither Arrays

Stochastic Halftone Analysis

Point Processes

Spatial Statistics

Spectral Statistics

Color Halftoning

Halftone Visibility

Campbell’s CSF Model

Näsänen (Exponential) Model

Mixed Gaussian Models

Alpha Stable HVS Models

Blue-Noise Dithering

Spatial and Spectral Characteristics

Error Diffusion

Blue-Noise Dither Arrays

Simulated Annealing

Void and Cluster


Dither Pattern Ordering

Direct Binary Search

Halftoning by DBS

Efficient Implementation of DBS

Effect of HVS model

Hexagonal Grid Halftoning

Spectral Aliasing

Modified Blue-Noise Model

Hexagonal Sampling Grids

Printers: Distortions and Models

Printer Distortion

Dot Models

Corrective Measures

Green-Noise Dithering

Spatial and Spectral Characteristics


Green-Noise Masks


Optimal Green-Noise Masks

Color Printing

Generalized Error Diffusion

Multichannel Green-Noise Masks

Stochastic Moiré

Spatial Analysis of Periodic Moiré

Spatial Analysis of Aperiodic Moiré

Spectral Analysis of Aperiodic Moiré

Minimizing Stochastic Moiré

Stochastic Moiré and Green-Noise

Multitone Dithering

Spectral Statistics of Multitones

Multitone Blue-Noise Model

Blue-Noise Multitoning


Lenticular Halftoning

Model Based Error Diffusion

Iterative Tone Correction



List of Figures


About the Series

Signal Processing and Communications

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Computer Graphics
COMPUTERS / Programming / Algorithms