Now covering the whole of Europe from the French Revolution to the present day, this major new edition has been completely revised and brought up-to-date. The approach embraces the whole continent from both national and regional perspectives, and combines political survey with grass roots 'people' history. Bringing this history vividly to life, the authors use a very broad range of sources including memoirs, archives, letters, songs and newspapers. In particular, there is new treatment of the following themes:
1. Revolution and Empire: Experience and Impact, 1789-1815. 2. Order and Movement, 1815-1848. 3. Nation Building, 1848-1878. 4. Rivalry and Interdependence, 1871-1914. 5. Modernity. 6. A European Civil War, 1914-1918. 7. A New Order? 1919-1929. 8. Guns and Butter, 1929-1939. 9. From European to World War, 1933-1945. 10. Freezing and Thawing Postwar Europe, 1945-1969. 11. Reconstructing Europe, 1945-1968. 12. Towards a United Europe, 1968-2002. 13. Post-Modern? Bibliographical. Essay. Index.