The transformation from traditional war between nation-states to conflict between nation-states and nonstate actors requires decision makers, policy analysts, military commanders, intelligence officials, and legislators to answer the question: is there a strategy for an unwinnable conflict? This question takes on particular urgency given the extraordinary number of conflict points that define the current state of international relations.
Modern Geopolitics and Security: Strategies for Unwinnable Conflicts draws on the author's extensive experience in counterterrorism, negotiation, and the implementation of the Oslo Peace Process with his more recent work in academia. The book uses an interdisciplinary case study model to illustrate valuable lessons learned and best practices in strategic analysis and decision making that are based on international relations, international law, and negotiation/intervention.
The book defines sovereignty, intervention, geopolitics, security, and what they mean in a global landscape. It examines historical examples of global crises and security concerns as well as contemporary geopolitical issues, including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, intervention in Libya, non-intervention in Syria, the Good Friday Agreement, the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, and the Arab Spring.
We are entering a new era, where disaffected individuals who are willing and able to act, have more power and potential influence than ever before. Conflicts like those occurring in Egypt, Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Israel, and elsewhere are all complex organisms—nuanced as never before. Add in increasing regional asymmetrical conflicts, increasing global economic strain, social media and the accelerating speed of communication, ideological and regional state versus nonstate conflicts—such as in the case of al-Qaeda and other such movements—and traditional "business as usual" geopolitics is being somewhat turned on its head.
Modern Geopolitics and Security addresses topics that aren’t currently covered anywhere–establishing a new paradigm to rethink modern geopolitics, given new and emerging challenges to traditional schools of thought.
Table of Contents
Background and Definitions
International Security and Diplomacy
Threats: Local, Regional, and Global
Issues to Consider
Self-Defense, Humanitarian Intervention, Leadership, and International Cooperation
The Caroline Doctrine
UN Charter: Article
UN Security Council Resolutions Post-9/11
Comparative International Cooperation
Law of Humanitarian Intervention
Negotiating Agreements: Security and Understanding the "Other"
A Short History
Implementing the Agreement: Lessons Learned
Assume Neither Side Understands the Other
Negotiators Must Have an Open Line of Real-Time Communication to the Principal Decision Maker
Continuity of Participants, a Core Group, Is Essential to Negotiation Success
Understand with Whom You Are Truly Negotiating and Their Chain of Command
Have Functional Counterparts (e.g., Commanders–Commanders; Lawyers–Lawyers) on Each Side of the Negotiating Table
Problem Solving: Develop Mechanisms Both Internally (Within Your Side) and Externally (Between the Sides)
Crisis Management: Develop an Agreed-Upon Mechanism and Infrastructure Because Crises Will Occur
Sensitivity to Cultural Differences Is Essential
Minimize Outside "Noise" in Order to Stay on Course
Understand the Costs and Benefits of Third-Party Involvement
Conclusion and Final Word
Self-Defense and the Wild West
Pat Garrett and the Death of Billy the Kid
The Shootout at the O.K. Corral
International Law and Self-Defense
Containment, Use of Force, and Failed States
Role of Modern Technology
The Decision-Making Process
The Importance of Process
Who Are Legitimate Targets?
Is the Intelligence Actionable?
Is the Response Proportional?
The Drone Policy
Moving Forward: The New World
Amos Guiora is Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Center for Global Justice at the S. J. Quinney College of Law, the University of Utah. Guiora who teaches Criminal Procedure, International Law, Global Perspectives on Counterterrorism, and Religion and Terrorism incorporates innovative scenario-based instruction to address national and international security issues and dilemmas. Guiora is a Member of the American Bar Association’s Law and National Security Advisory Committee; a Research Associate at the University of Oxford, Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict; a Research Fellow at the International Institute on Counter-Terrorism, The Interdisciplinary Center, Herzylia, Israel; and a Corresponding Member, The Netherlands School of Human Rights Research, University of Utrecht School of Law. Professor Guiora has published extensively both in the United States and Europe on issues related to national security, limits of interrogation, religion, and terrorism, and the limits of power, multiculturalism, and human rights. He is the author of Legitimate Target A Criteria Based Approach to Targeted Killing; Freedom from Religion: Rights and National Security (first and second editions); Global Perspectives on Counterterrorism (first and second editions); Fundamentals of Counterterrorism; Constitutional Limits on Coercive Interrogation; Homeland Security: What is it and Where is it Going; Tolerating Intolerance: The Price of Protecting Extremism (2013), and Geopolitics and Security: Sovereignty, Intervention and the Law (2013).
Professor Guiora has received grants from both the Stuart Family Foundation and the Earhart Foundation and was awarded a Senior Specialist Fulbright Fellowship for The Netherlands in 2008. He served for 19 years in the Israel Defense Forces as Lieutenant Colonel (retired), and held a number of senior command positions, including Commander of the IDF School of Military Law and Legal Advisor to the Gaza Strip. Professor Guiora has testified before the US Senate Judicary Committee, the US House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the Dutch House of Representatives. Professor Guiora was awarded the S.J. Quinney College of Law Faculty Scholarship Award, 2011.
"Beginning with a discussion of new developments affecting sovereignty, intervention, geopolitics, and security in the evolving global environment, the author … examines how states have attempted to address them in significant historical cases: the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the intervention in Libya, non-intervention in Syria …the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, the Arab Spring. An innovative and important examination of the strategies required by states to defeat the threats presented by non-state actors, such as terrorist groups."
—Joshua Sinai, Perspectives on Terrorism