Numerous and charismatic, the Lepidoptera is one of the most widely studied groups of invertebrates. Advances in molecular tools and genomic techniques have reduced the need for large sizes and mass-rearing, and lepidopteran model systems are increasingly used to illuminate broad-based experimental questions as well as those peculiar to butterflies and moths. Molecular Biology and Genetics of the Lepidoptera presents a wide-ranging collection of studies on the Lepidoptera, treating them as specialized insects with distinctive features and as model systems for carrying out cutting-edge research. Leading researchers provide an evolutionary framework for placing moths and butterflies on the Tree of Life.
The book covers progress in deciphering the silkworm genome and unraveling lepidopteran sex chromosomes. It features new information on sex determination, evolution, and the development of butterfly wing patterns, eyes, vision, circadian clocks, chemoreceptors, and sexual communication. The contributors discuss the genetics and molecular biology of plant host range and prospects for controlling the major crop pest genus Helicoverpa. They also explore the rise of insecticide resistance, the innate immune response, lepidopteran minihosts for testing human pathogens and antibiotics, and the use of intrahemocoelic toxins for control. The book concludes with coverage of polyDNA virus-carrying parasitoid wasps, and the cloning of the first virus resistance gene in the silkworm.
Understanding the biology and genetics of butterflies and moths may lead to new species-selective methods of control, saving billions of dollars in pesticide use and protecting environmental and human health—making the sections on strategies for pest management extremely important. This book will open up new paths to the research literature for a broad audience, including entomologists, evolutionary and systematic biologists, geneticists, physiologists, biochemists, and molecular biologists.
Table of Contents
Evolutionary Framework for Lepidoptera Model Systems, A.D. Roe, S.J. Weller, J. Baixeras, J. Brown, M.P. Cummings, D.R. Davis, A.Y. Kawahara, C.S. Parr, J.C. Regier, D. Rubinoff, T.J. Simonsen, N. Wahlberg, and A. Zwick
Recent Progress in Silkworm Genetics and Genomics, M.R. Goldsmith
Rise and Fall of the W Chromosome in Lepidoptera, F. Marec, K. Sahara, and W. Traut
Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Bombyx mori, H. Abe, T. Fujii, and T. Shimada
Evolutionary and Developmental Genetics of Butterfly Wing Patterns: Focus on Bicyclus anynana Eyespots, P. Beldade and S.V. Saenko
Prospects for Locating Adaptive Genes in Lepidopteran Genomes: A Case Study of Butterfly Color Patterns, S.W. Baxter, O. McMillan, N. Chamberlain, R.H. ffrench-Constant, and C. D. Jiggins
Molecular and Physiological Innovations of Butterfly Eyes, M.P. Sison-Mangus and A.D. Briscoe
Lepidopteran Circadian Clocks: From Molecules to Behavior, C. Merlin and S.M. Reppert
Lepidopteran Chemoreceptors, K.W. Wanner and H.M. Robertson
Sexual Communication in Lepidoptera: A Need for Wedding Genetics, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology, F. Gould, A.T. Groot, G.M. Vásquez, and C. Schal
Genetics of Host Range in Lepidoptera, S.J. Oppenheim and K.R. Hopper
Genetics and Molecular Biology of the Major Crop Pest Genus Helicoverpa, K. Gordon, W. Tek Tay, D. Collinge, A. Williams, and P. Batterham
Molecular Genetics of Insecticide Resistance in Lepidoptera, D.G. Heckel
Innate Immune Responses of Manduca sexta, M.R. Kanost and J.B. Nardi
Lepidopterans as Model Mini-Hosts for Human Pathogens and as a Resource for Peptide Antibiotics, A. Vilcinskas
Intrahemocoelic Toxins for Lepidopteran Pest Management, N.R. Schmidt and B.C. Bonning
The Interactions between Polydnavirus-Carrying Parasitoids and Their Lepidopteran Hosts, M.R. Strand
Densovirus Resistance in Bombyx mori, K. Kadono-Okuda
"Perhaps the most powerful compliment I can make for this book is that I would not hesitate to use it to conduct a seminar class for entomology or molecular genetics graduate students. It will provide the students with an excellent outline of current molecular genetics research in this diverse insect order."
—JoAnna Chiu, PhD, University of California, Davis, USA, in American Entomologist