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1st Edition

Molecular Markers in Plant Genetics and Biotechnology




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ISBN 9781578082391
Published January 1, 2003 by CRC Press
248 Pages

 
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Book Description

The first chapter details the different techniques of molecular markers, emphasizing genetic aspects, because these determine the type of use one can put it to. The construction of genetic linkage maps is the subject of the second chapter, where the advantages and disadvantages of the most common mapping populations are specified. The particular case of mapping of major genes, especially for the purpose of positional cloning, is addressed in the third chapter. Detection and applications of QTLs controlling the expression of quantitative traits are presented in the fourth chapter, which also tackles the complex question of their identification. The fifth chapter underscores the major contribution of molecular markers in the analysis of the structure and evolution of natural populations. Finally, the advantages of markers in selection, for studies of diversity and in the context of marker-assisted selection, are discussed in the last chapter. The authors have attempted to highlight the principles of markers, an

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION PRINCIPAL SOURCES OF MOLECULAR MARKERS: D. de Vienne, S. Santoni et al. and M. Falaque: Criteria of Classification; Codominant Markers Detected Individually; Patterns of Multiple Dominant Markers: Genetic Fingerprinting; Polymorphism of Number of Tandem Repeats; Gene Markers: cDNA and Proteins; What Markers are Suitable for What Purpose? CONSTRUCTION OF GENETIC LINKAGE MAPS: D. de Vienne: The Concept of Genetic Distance; Comparing the Most Commonly used Populations; F2 Populations; Recombinant Inbred Lines; Populations Derived from Non-fixed Parents; Comparing the Various Types of Populations; Fundamentals of Genetics Maps MAPPING OF MAJOR GENES: D. de Vienne: Approaches to Mapping of Major Genes; Use of Markers for Cloning Major Genes MAPPING AND CHARACTERIZING QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI: D. de Vienne and M. Causse: Principle of QTL Mapping; Genetic and Molecular Bases of Quantitative Trait Variation MOLECULAR MARKERS IN POPULATION GENETICS: A. Kremer and S. Mariette: Specific Contributions of Molecular Markers in Comparison to Enzyme Markers; Analysis of Molecular Diversity; Polymorphism within a Population; Differentiation between Populations; Gene Flow APPLICATION OF MARKERS IN SELECTION: A. Charcosset and A. Gallais: Contribution of Diversity Studies to Selection; Marker-assisted Selection; Marker-assisted Recurrent Selection APPENDICES

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Biography

Vienne, Domonique de