Monetisation and Commercialisation in the Baltic Sea, 1050–1450 explores the varied uses of silver and gold in the Baltic Sea zone during the medieval period.
Ten original contributions examine coins and currencies, trade, economy, and power, taking care to avoid an out-of-date approach to economic history which assumes a progression from ‘primitive’ forms to ‘developed’ structures. Combining a variety of methodological approaches, and drawing on written sources, archaeological and numismatic evidence, and anthropological perspectives, the book considers the various ways in which silver and gold were used as monetary currency, fiscal instruments of power, and gifts in the High and Late Medieval societies of the Baltic Sea.
This book will appeal to scholars and students of medieval European history, as well as those interested in economic history, and the history of trade and commerce.
Table of Contents
DARIUSZ ADAMCZYK AND BEATA MOŻEJKO 1
1 Money, gift or instrument of power? Hybrid (political) economies in the post-Viking age around the Baltic Sea 9
2 Coin circulation in Poland under the rule of Bolesław III Wrymouth (1102–1138) 21
3 Two stages of monetisation: Periodic recoinages and coin debasement in the Czech lands 47
4 The trade between Slesvig/Lübeck and Novgorod c. 1050 until c. 1450 63
5 Limited use of money in late-medieval commerce: Economic considerations on the viability of Hanseatic “reciprocal trade” 77
ULF CHRISTIAN EWERT
6 Monetisation and economic inequality among peasants in medieval Poland 98
7 Toruń’s burghers and silver/gold in the first half of the fifteenth century 123
8 The use of gold and silver in the praxis of a merchant in late medieval Gdańsk 142
ANNA PAULINA ORŁOWSKA
9 City and money during a war: Gdańsk debt during the Thirteen Years’ War 159
Dariusz Adamczyk is Associate Professor at the University of Hannover, Germany.
Beata Możejko is Professor at the Institute of History, University of Gdansk, Poland.