Monitoring of Respiration and Circulation provides biomedical engineers with a comprehensive source for understanding the variables of the respiratory and circulatory systems, which indicate how well these systems are functioning. This book covers techniques for measuring the variables, including modeling, medical instrumentation, and signal processing. It also discusses the reasons for the measurements.
The book describes the measurement principles, as well as the related physiology and anatomy, which is necessary to interpret the measurement's meaning. The author's goal is to provide a survey of the field, a review of the necessary fundamentals on which deeper study can be based, and an overview of possible search terms.
The early chapters of Monitoring of Respiration and Circulation provide an overview of the fundamentals of the respiratory and circulatory systems, and modeling. The intermediate chapters describe important clinical measurement methods and the information they provide about patients, including approaches, possibilities, limitations, and accuracies. Next, the book discusses state-of-the-art therapeutic instruments and supporting systems, such as infusion drips and pumps, heart-lung machines, and pacemakers.
Everything comes together in the final chapter, where patient monitoring is described as a feedback process with a human in the loop, underscoring the need for comprehensive yet understandable information in order to provide high-quality therapy.
Table of Contents
BASIC ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Overview of the Respiratory and Circulatory System
Anatomy And Physiology of the Lung And The Airways
Anatomy And Physiology of the Heart and the Circulatory System
PHYSICS OF FLUID TRANSPORT IN TUBES
The Navier-Stokes Equation
Laminar Flow and the Poiseuille Equation
Pulsatile Flow and Womersley™S Solution
Fluid Inertance and Resistance
The Euler Equation
The Bernoulli Equation
Flow Through Collapsible Tubes
The Effect of Gravity on Gas Exchange
Measuring Gas Pressure
Measuring Blood Pressure
Measuring Gas Flow
Measuring Blood Flow
MEASURING COMPOSITION AND CONCENTRATION
Measuring Gas Composition
Measuring Blood Composition
Measuring Lung Volumes
Measuring Dead Space and Unequal Ventilation
Measuring Lung Compliance
Forced Expiratory Flow-Volume Curves
Measuring Cardiac Output
Measuring Total Blood Volume
Measuring The Blood Volume of an Isolated Vascular Bed
Syringes, Infusion Drips and Infusion Pumps
Defibrillators and Cardioverters
Medical Decision Making; Differential Diagnosis
Risk and Quality of Information
Patient Monitoring as a Process
Normality and Stability
Which Physiological Functions to Monitor
Combining Measurements into a Diagnosis
Clinical Control Systems
Blom\, J. A.
"…a nice, concise introduction to monitoring and is an excellent choice for an introductory course on monitoring."
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