Monitoring of Respiration and Circulation: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Monitoring of Respiration and Circulation

1st Edition

By J. A. Blom

CRC Press

200 pages | 127 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849320835
pub: 2003-12-15
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Description

Monitoring of Respiration and Circulation provides biomedical engineers with a comprehensive source for understanding the variables of the respiratory and circulatory systems, which indicate how well these systems are functioning. This book covers techniques for measuring the variables, including modeling, medical instrumentation, and signal processing. It also discusses the reasons for the measurements.

The book describes the measurement principles, as well as the related physiology and anatomy, which is necessary to interpret the measurement's meaning. The author's goal is to provide a survey of the field, a review of the necessary fundamentals on which deeper study can be based, and an overview of possible search terms.

The early chapters of Monitoring of Respiration and Circulation provide an overview of the fundamentals of the respiratory and circulatory systems, and modeling. The intermediate chapters describe important clinical measurement methods and the information they provide about patients, including approaches, possibilities, limitations, and accuracies. Next, the book discusses state-of-the-art therapeutic instruments and supporting systems, such as infusion drips and pumps, heart-lung machines, and pacemakers.

Everything comes together in the final chapter, where patient monitoring is described as a feedback process with a human in the loop, underscoring the need for comprehensive yet understandable information in order to provide high-quality therapy.

Reviews

"…a nice, concise introduction to monitoring and is an excellent choice for an introductory course on monitoring."

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Table of Contents

BASIC ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Overview of the Respiratory and Circulatory System

Anatomy And Physiology of the Lung And The Airways

Anatomy And Physiology of the Heart and the Circulatory System

Questions

PHYSICS OF FLUID TRANSPORT IN TUBES

Fluid Dynamics

The Navier-Stokes Equation

Laminar Flow and the Poiseuille Equation

Pulsatile Flow and Womersley™S Solution

Fluid Inertance and Resistance

The Euler Equation

The Bernoulli Equation

Turbulent Flow

Flow Through Collapsible Tubes

The Effect of Gravity on Gas Exchange

Models

Questions

MEASURING PRESSURE

Measuring Gas Pressure

Measuring Blood Pressure

Questions

MEASURING FLOW

Measuring Gas Flow

Measuring Blood Flow

Questions

MEASURING COMPOSITION AND CONCENTRATION

Measuring Gas Composition

Measuring Blood Composition

Questions

RESPIRATORY MEASUREMENTS

Measuring Lung Volumes

Measuring Dead Space and Unequal Ventilation

Measuring Lung Compliance

Forced Expiratory Flow-Volume Curves

Measuring Diffusion

Questions

CIRCULATORY MEASUREMENTS

Measuring Cardiac Output

Measuring Total Blood Volume

Measuring The Blood Volume of an Isolated Vascular Bed

Measuring Temperature

Questions

THERAPEUTIC DEVICES

Syringes, Infusion Drips and Infusion Pumps

Ventilators

Heart-Lung Machines

Defibrillators and Cardioverters

Pacemakers

Electrocautery

Questions

PATIENT MONITORING

Medical Decision Making; Differential Diagnosis

Risk and Quality of Information

Safety Issues

Patient Monitoring as a Process

Normality and Stability

Which Physiological Functions to Monitor

Monitoring Devices

Combining Measurements into a Diagnosis

Clinical Control Systems

Questions

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED009000
MEDICAL / Biotechnology