This book deals with moral dilemmas and the development of ethical reasoning in two senses. First, the editor focuses on dilemmas, both real and hypothetical, which require moral judgments. The ""Heinz dilemma,"" part of Kohlberg's scoring system for level of moral development, is in some cases used as a point of departure for discussion. Problems with this particular dilemma as a scoring item are examined in detail, along with problems generated by similar dilemmas for moral reasoning in everyday life.
Those who study moral reasoning and its development are in somewhat of a dilemma as they attempt to integrate information from the domains of philosophy and psychology. These essays investigate domain issues in varied cultural settings, and across genders and age ranges for what have been proposed as universals in moral judgment, as well as formulate theories that reflect both empirical evidence and logical process.
The essays share a conception of human nature as inherently social, as well as a healthy respect for the problems or dilemmas which human sociality carries in its wake. Some of these problems are theoretical, such as those having to do with the moral reasoning or the classic issues of values justification. Other problems are practical, such as those having to do with distributive justice or methods of moral education. This volume will shed light on the process of resolving dilemmas both within philosophy and psychology.
List of Contributors
Introduction, by Carol Gibb Harding
1. Four Perspectives on Moral Argumentation,
by Marvin W. Berkowitz
2. Abraham, Socrates, and Heinz: Where Are the Women?(Care and Context in MoralReasoning),
by Marilyn Friedman
3. Intention, Contradiction, and the Recognition of Dilemmas,
by Carol Gibb Harding
4. Emotion, Morality, and Understanding,
by Lawrence Hinman
5. Resolving, Moral Conflicts within the Just Community,
by Lawrence Kohlberg
6. Growth and Regression in Cognitive-Moral Development ofYoung University Students,
by Georg Lind
7. The Moral Adequacy of Kohlberg's MoralDevelopment Theory,
by Larry May
8. Children's Conceptions of Morality, Societal Convention,and Religious Prescription,
by Larry P. Nucci
9. Religious Dilemmas: The Development ofReligious Judgment,
by Fritz Oser