In the company of major figures from the history of ethics, this book explores the key issues surrounding topics like egoism, altruism, the good life, and the requirements of morality. It is an excellent text for students of ethics and the history of ethics.
Introduction: Why be Moral? Part One: The Greek Tradition 1. Self-discipline and Tranquility: Epictetus, A.D. 50–130 2. Happiness and the Virtues: Aristotle, 384–322 B.C Part Two: Modern Moral Philosophy 3. The Moral Point of View: Immanuel Kant, 1724–1804 4. Self-interest, Altruism, and Social Conventions: Thomas Hobbes, 1588–1679; David Hume, 1711–1776; Joseph Butler, 1692–1752 5. Utilitarianism: Jeremy Bentham, 1748–1832; John Stuart Mill, 1806–1873 Part Three: Contemporary Reflections 6. A Contractualist Framework for Morality