10th Edition

Morality and Moral Controversies Readings in Moral, Social, and Political Philosophy

Edited By Steven Scalet, John Arthur Copyright 2019
    966 Pages
    by Routledge

    966 Pages
    by Routledge

    Morality and Moral Controversies, 10th Edition challenges students to critically assess today’s leading moral, social, and political issues. As a comprehensive anthology, it provides students with the tools they need to understand the philosophical ideas that are currently shaping our world.

    The 10th edition includes classic and contemporary readings in moral theory, the most current topics in applied ethics, and updated debates in social and political philosophy. As in the previous nine editions, the materials were selected for balance, timeliness, and accessibility after reviewing a vast range of possible articles from leading scholarly journals, mainstream periodicals, online posts, and book chapters. Hallmarks include carefully edited and philosophically relevant U.S. Supreme Court decisions, compelling readings, and contrasting points of view that reflect a broad ethical and political spectrum. 

    Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:

    • Understand philosophical ideas that are shaping the world today.
    • Apply various philosophical ideas to politics, religion, ethics, economics, personal relationships, medicine, the environment and climate change, warfare, and other areas.
    • Appreciate how to construct, apply, and evaluate basic philosophical arguments.

    Key updates to the 10th edition include:

      • All material published in the actual book (in contrast to placing sections online behind a paywall, as was the case in earlier editions with a different publisher).
      • New readings on:
        • autonomous warfare
        • self-driving cars
        • the right to health care
        • technology and privacy
        • the value of democracy
        • racial equality
        • immigration.


      Chapter 1
Self-Interest, Religion, and Conscience

      Leviathan: Morality as Rational Advantage Thomas Hobbes

      Morality and Rational Self-Interest Baruch Brody

      Divine Commands and the Social Nature of Obligation Robert Merrihew Adams

      Morality, Religion, and Conscience John Arthur

      The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn Jonathan Bennett

      Chapter 2
The Sources and Grounds of Morality

      The Sources of Moral Ideas: Society, Custom, and Sympathy Edward Westermarck

      Trying Out One’s New Sword Mary Midgley

      Morality Is Based on Sentiment David Hume

      Morality and Normativity Michael J. Perry

      The Moral Instinct Steven Pinker

      Chapter 3
Classical and Contemporary Theories of Morality

      Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle

      The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals Immanuel Kant

      Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill

      Intuitionism W. D. Ross

      Kant and Utilitarianism Contrasted Onora O’Neill

      The Real and Alleged Problems of Utilitarianism Richard B. Brandt

      The Ethics of Care as Moral Theory Virginia Held


      Chapter 4
Terrorism and Torture

      Is Terrorism Morally Distinctive? Samuel Scheffler

      Torture: The Case for Dirty Harry Uwe Steinhoff

      Training Torturers: A Critique of the "Ticking Bomb" Argument Jessica Wolfendale

      Chapter 5 War, Autonomous Machines, and the Arms Trade

      On the Morality of War Richard A. Wasserstrom

      The Morality of Pacifism Cheyney Ryan

      When is a Robot a Moral Agent? John P. Sullins

      Autonomous Machines, Moral Judgement, and Acting for the Right Reasons Duncan Purves, Ryan Jenkins, and Bradley J. Strawser

      Weapons, Security, and Oppression: A Normative Study of International Arms Transfers James Christensen

      Chapter 6
Capital Punishment

      The Death Penalty Gregg v. Georgia

      Desert and Capital Punishment Martin Perlmutter

      The Ultimate Punishment Ernest van den Haag

      Abolishing the Death Penalty Even for the Worst Murderers Hugo Adam Bedau

      Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty Jeffrey H. Reiman

      Chapter 7
Animals, Environmentalism, and Climate

      All Animals Are Equal Peter Singer

      Speciesism and the Idea of Equality Bonnie Steinbock

      People or Penguins William F. Baxter

      The Land Ethic: Animal Liberation and Environmentalism J. Baird Callicott

      Two Kinds of Climate Justice: Avoiding Harm and Sharing Burdens Simon Caney

      Chapter 8
Cloning and Abortion

      The Ethics of Cloning-to-Produce-Children The President’s Council on Bioethics

      The Constitutional Right to Abortion Roe v. Wade

      A Defense of Abortion Judith Jarvis Thomson

      On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Mary Anne Warren

      Abortion and the Concept of a Person Jane English

      An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong Don Marquis

      Fathers and Fetuses George W. Harris

      Chapter 9
Health Care and Deciding Who Should Live

      The Medical Minimum: Zero Jan Narveson

      A Right to Health Care Pavlos Eleftheriadis

      Requiring Medical Treatment JFK Memorial Hospital v. Heston

      Death With Dignity Act Gonzales v. Oregon

      Aging and the Ends of Medicine Daniel Callahan

      The Survival Lottery John Harris


      Chapter 10
Love and Sex

      Duties Toward the Body in Respect to Sexual Impulse Immanuel Kant

      Plain Sex Alan H. Goldman

      Gay Basics: Some Questions, Facts, and Values Richard D. Mohr

      What is the Point of Love? Carolyn Price

      Chapter 11
Family and Friendship

      Is Adultery Immoral? Richard A. Wasserstrom

      Licensing Parents Hugh LaFollette

      Can Parents and Children Be Friends? Joseph Kupfer

      Parents and Children as Friends Kristján Kristjánsson

      What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents? Jane English

      Chapter 12
 Personal Dimensions of Technology: Friendships, Self-Driving Cars, and Privacy

      Is Google Making Us Stupid? Nicholas Carr

      Friendship in the Shadow of Technology Laurence Thomas

      Social Networking Sites and Our Lives Pew Internet and American Life Project

      Why Ethics Matters for Autonomous Cars Patrick Lin

      Technology and New Challenges for Privacy Leslie P. Francis

      The Benefits of Being Watched Andrew Oberg

      Privacy, Neuroscience and Neuro-Surveillance Adam D. Moore


      Chapter 13
The Ideal State

      The Second Treatise of Government John Locke

      Libertarian Justice Tibor R. Machan

      On Liberty John Stuart Mill

      On Representative Government John Stuart Mill

      A Theory of Justice John Rawls

      Chapter 14
 Protests, Patriotism, and the Rule of Law

      Flag Burning as Constitutionally Protected Texas v. Johnson

      Is Patriotism a Virtue? Alasdair MacIntyre

      Patriotism as Bad Faith Simon Keller

      Frederick Douglass’s Patriotism Bernard Boxill

      Letter from a Birmingham Jail Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.

      Crito Plato

      Legitimate and Illegitimate Uses of Police Force John Kleinig

      Chapter 15 Democracy: Foundations, Recent Contributions, and Global Challenges

      Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln

      What Justifies Democracy and Rule Over None II: Social Equality and the Justification of Democracy Niko Kolodny

      Are Charter Cities Legitimate Rahul Sagar

      Political Morality and the Authority of Tradition Steven Wall

      Transnational Legal Sites and Democracy-Building Seyla Benhabib

      Social Movements Avery Kolers

      Chapter 16
Liberty: Free Speech and Drug Use

      Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion John Stuart Mill

      Power in Public: Reactions, Responses, and Resistance to Offensive Public Speech Laura Beth Nielsen

      The Social Benefits of Protecting Hate Speech and Exposing Sources of Prejudice Marcus Schulzke

      Organized Protests and Free Speech Snyder v Phelps (Westboro Baptist Church)

      Nazi Marches Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party

      Do Corporations Have Freedom of Speech? Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission

      The Ethics of Smoking Robert E. Goodin

      Addiction and Drug Policy Daniel Shapiro

      The Ethics of Addiction: An Argument in Favor of Letting Americans Take Any Drug They Want Thomas Szasz

      Chapter 17
Economic Justice: Markets and Property

      Of Justice David Hume

      The Entitlement Theory Robert Nozick

      Inequality and Other Problems with Nozick’s Libertarianism John Rawls

      Money and Commodities Michael Walzer

      Property Rights and Eminent Domain Kelo v. City of New London

      The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits Milton Friedman

      Rethinking the Social Responsibility of Business: A Debate John Mackey and Milton Friedman

      Chapter 18
Race, Gender, and Affirmative Action

      Separate But Equal? Brown v. Board of Education

      Rethinking the Problem of the Ghetto Tommie Shelby

      Affirmative Action in Higher Education Grutter v. Bollinger

      Affirmative Action in Higher Education Gratz v. Bollinger

      Reverse Discrimination James Rachels

      The Subjection of Women John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor

      Sexual Equality and Discrimination: Difference vs. Dominance Will Kymlicka

      Social Movements and the Politics of Difference Iris Marion Young

      Freedom, Conditioning, and the Real Woman Janet Radcliffe Richards

      Chapter 19
Immigration, National Boundaries, and Multiculturalism

      The Ethics of Immigration Joseph H. Carens

      Immigration and Democratic Principles: On Carens' Ethics of Immigration Sarah Song

      Immigration and Freedom of Association Christopher Heath Wellman

      Multiculturalism: A Liberal Perspective Joseph Raz

      Reason Before Identity Amartya Sen

      Assimilation and Cultural Identity Wisconsin v. Yoder

      Appendix: The Bill of Rights and Fourteenth Amendment


      Steven Scalet is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Baltimore (UB), where he helped launch the Program in Philosophy, Law, and Ethics. Prior to working at UB, he directed the Program in Philosophy, Politics, and Law at Binghamton University (State University of New York, SUNY), and received the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching. Scalet received his Ph.D. in Philosophy and M.A. in Economics from the University of Arizona. Scalet is the author of Markets, Ethics, and Business Ethics, 2nd Edition (2018).

      John Arthur (1946–2007) was a professor of philosophy with areas of specialization in legal theory, social ethics, and political philosophy. He authored several books, including Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History (2007). He taught at Binghamton University for eighteen years.