Morphodynamics is defined as the unique interaction among environment, functional morphology, developmental constraints, phylogeny, and time-all of which shape the evolution of life. These fabricational patterns and similarities owe their regularity not to a detailed genetic program, but to extrinsic factors, which may be mechanical, chemical, or b
Introduction: Principles of Morphodynamics. Fabricational Noise in Body Shapes. Other Fabricational Morphospaces. Bifurcating and Intercalating Patterns. Other Patterns. Life Styles. Patterns of Evolution Versus. Counter Evolution. Taphonomy. Protists. Vendobionts: Lost Life Forms of Ediacaran Times. Sponges. Soft-Bottom Actinians and Jellyfish. Soft-Bottom Corals. Brachiopods: Bivalved Shells with a Difference. Bivalves I: Constructional and Morphogenetic Principles. Bivalves II: Evolutionary Ecology. Gastropod Heteromorphy: Or How to Get Out of the Spiral Syndrome. Ammonites I: Outer Shell and Jaws. How Valid is the Nautilus Model? Ammonites II: Septal Apparatus. Ammonites III: Taphonomy. Straight Cephalopods. Worm-Like Organisms. Trilobites. Cirripeds: Arthropods Become Sessile. Echinoids. Crinoids. Extinct Echinoderms: Deviant Symmetries and Armored Tube Feet. Clonal Colonies. Appendices. Index.