Mortality and Migration in the Modern World
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The term 'relocation cost' has been coined by Philip Curtin to refer to the increased mortality associated with the migration of people from their childhood disease environments to new ones. He and others have quantified this cost for a number of migrant populations, notably Africans in the transatlantic slave trade and European tropps posted overseas. The papers in this volume, extend this research agenda by quantifying and analyzing the mortality suffered by other migrant groups, both on their voyage and after their arrival at their destination. The first three studies deal with free and convict European migration to Australia; the following ones with movements of indentured labour, from the mid 19th to the present century: Chinese, African, Pacific Islander, and above all the migration of Indian labour across half of the globe. The collection is introduced by a new essay, setting out the historical context and significance of this research.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction; Mortality on convict voyages to Australia, 1788-1868; Mortality on immigrant voyages to Australia in the 19th century; Babies at risk on immigrant voyages to Australia in the 19th century; Infant mortality and Fiji's Indian migrants, 1879-1919; Fertility and Fiji's Indian migrants, 1879-1919; Mortality and the Pacific labour trade; On calculating crude death rates in the Pacific labour trade; Epidemiology and the Pacific labour trade; Mortality of Indian labour on Ocean voyages, 1843-1917; Mortality and voyages of liberated Africans to the West Indies, 1841-1867; Mortality and migrant labour in Assam, 1865-1921; Mortality and migrant labour en route to Assam, 1863-1924; Mortality and Indian labour in Malaya, 1877-1913; Mortality on Chinese and Indian voyages to the West Indies and South America, 1847-1874; Epidemiology and Indian labour migration at home and abroad; Index.
’Shlomowitz has put together a valuable book. As one who read these essays when originally written, I was impressed with the strength of the entire body of work. I strongly recommend this book to anyone interested in reading high quality recent work on the mortality of migrants.' The Northern Mariner, Vol. VIII, No. 3