Since 1945 the United Kingdom has changed from a polity that was overwhelmingly white, ethnically British, and Christian to one constituted by creeds, cultures, and communities drawn from all over the globe. The term ‘multiculturalism’ evokes these demographic changes, the policies and laws that arose as a result, and connected public debates. Political and public support for multiculturalism has been called into question in the new millennium, with British multiculturalism—and Britain itself—currently in a state of flux.
This volume examines the policy, law, and political theory of multiculturalism in the British context, exploring how they inform each other. It covers topics such as national identity, immigration, integration, the welfare state, gender, freedom of religion, and human rights. It provides a deeper understanding of contemporary British multiculturalism in its various aspects, inexorably leading back to fundamental questions regarding the structure and purpose of the British polity. It also explores the connections between multiculturalism and current events, including Brexit, renewed calls for Scottish independence, and the broader rise of populism in the West.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, to which the editors have added a new concluding chapter.
1. Introduction - Multiculturalism in contemporary Britain: policy, law and theory 2. The critique of multiculturalism in Britain: integration, separation and shared identification 3. National Identity – A Multiculturalist’s Approach 4. Liberal democracy, nationalism and culture: multiculturalism and Scottish independence 5. The challenge of cultural diversity: the limited value of the right of exit 6. Religious accommodation law in the UK: five normative gaps 7. Conclusion - ‘Multiculturalism’ in Policy, Law and Theory: Britain, Brexit and Beyond