Trust—whether it is between individuals, within teams, or between organizations—is embedded in a multilevel system where the environment and member interactions jointly affect trust at any level. Yet research on trust at different levels of analysis has largely developed independently with little cross-fertilization. This book brings together six chapters that take levels effects explicitly into account to extend our current knowledge about the dynamics of trust.
The chapters examine diverse issues including theoretical and practical implications of multilevel trust, temporal dynamics of trust and how to model it, the mutually influencing relationship between interpersonal trust and organizational structures, and trust in specific contexts such as merger, public market, and economic downturn. By adopting the multilevel approach, these chapters provide more nuanced and realistic insights on trust and yield knowledge that otherwise may be erroneous or unattainable. Together, they illustrate unique challenges and opportunities for understanding trust in the changing landscape of work relationships.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Trust Research.
Introduction- Multilevel trust: A theoretical and practical imperative
Ashley Fulmer & Kurt Dirks
1. Conceptualising time as a level of analysis: New directions in the analysis of trust dynamics
M. Audrey Korsgaard, Jason Kautz, Paul Bliese, Katarzyna Samson & Patrycjusz Kostyszyn
2. Trust development processes in intra-organisational relationships: A multi-level permeation of trust in a merging university
Sari-Johanna Karhapää & Taina Inkeri Savolainen
3. Contextualising the coevolution of (dis)trust and control – a longitudinal case study of a public market
Lena Högberg, Birgitta Sköld & Malin Tillmar
4. Job insecurity, employee anxiety, and commitment: The moderating role of collective trust in management
Wen Wang, Kim Mather & Roger Seifert
5. Trust development across levels of analysis: An embedded-agency perspective
Fabrice Lumineau & Oliver Schilke