The crucial actors of a global knowledge-based economy are multinational enterprises (MNEs). MNEs depend on the embeddedness in an institutional framework; their competitive advantage depends on the cross-border utilisation of regional and national capabilities. The innovativeness of a company is therefore based also on regional innovation systems. Multinational Enterprises and Innovation contributes to a better understanding of the interconnectedness between organisational and regional learning.
On the basis of case studies in Germany and France, this volume investigates how MNEs cope with technical, economic and institutional uncertainties by drawing upon the complementary strengths of organisational and regional networks in national and European contexts. The book links two theoretical debates which are currently still largely disconnected -- the debate on learning processes in MNEs and the debate on the regional bases of innovativeness and competitiveness -- answering the question of how the internationalisation of R&D is reconciled with regional competences.
1. Introduction: Regional Learning in Multinational Enterprises 2. Innovation in Multinational Enterprises: Between Organisational Control and Social Embeddedness 3. The Methodological Approach 4. The Corporate Dimension of Innovation: An Interplay between Formalisation and Flexibilisation, and Con¬Cen¬Tra¬Ti¬On and Dispersal 5. The Regional Embeddedness of Corporate Innovation 6. Regionalised Innovation Policies in Germany and France 7. Similarities and Differences of Leadership and Cooperation in German and French Innovation Projects: A Contrastive Perspective 8. Patterns of Industrial R&D across Europe 9. A Multi-Territorial Approach To Corporate Innovation in MNEs - Concluding Remarks