This book provides a comprehensive interpretation of populism using Italy, the only country amongst consolidated constitutional democracies in which populist political forces co-habit with non-populist political forces, as the starting point and bench mark.
Populism is a complex, multi-faceted form of political communication which redefines many of the essential characteristics of democracy; participation, representation, and political conflict. This book considers the version of populism that is increasingly dominant today and poses a real challenge to representative and constitutional democracy. Contributors provide an integrative interpretation of populism and analyse its principal historical and social variables to provide a multi-faceted reflection on the concept of populism, comprehensive analysis of the populist phenomenon and a theoretical and comparative perspective on the diverse political experiences of populism around the globe.
Based on conceptual and interdisciplinary reflections from expert authors, this book will be of great interest to scholars and post-graduate students of cultural studies, European studies, political sociology, political philosophy and political theory with an interest in a comparative and interdisciplinary theory of populism and its manifestations.
Introduction Multiple Populisms. Italy as Democracy’s Mirror
Paul Blokker and Manuel Anselmi
Part 1 Which People for What Form of Democracy?
Chapter 1 The Construction of the People
Chapter 2 Neo-Populism and the Subversion of Democratic Quality
Leonardo Morlino and Francesco Raniolo
Chapter 3 Depoliticization, Anti-politics and the Moral People
Fabio De Nardis
Part. 2 Populism and the Transformation of Parties
Chapter 4 Anti-party-ism as a Structural Component of Italian Democracy
Chapter 5 "Particracy": The Pre-Populist Critique of Party Democracy, and Its Implications
Chapter 6 Populist Anti-party Parties
Part. 3 Populism and the Transformation of the Public Sphere
Chapter 7 Technopopulism and Direct Representation
Michele Sorice and Emiliana De Blasio
Chapter 8 Intellectuals and Cultural Populism
Chapter 9 Penal Populism in the Multi-populist Context of Italy
Manuel Anselmi and Stefano Anastasìa
Part. 4 Populism and the Transformation of Politics
Chapter 10 Citizen Democracy. "New Politics" in "New Participation" Models
Chapter 11 The Populist Assault on the Constitution
Chapter 12 Four Italian Populisms