1st Edition

Muscles of Chordates Development, Homologies, and Evolution

    664 Pages 88 Color & 118 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    662 Pages 88 Color & 118 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    664 Pages 88 Color & 118 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Chordates comprise lampreys, hagfishes, jawed fishes, and tetrapods, plus a variety of more unfamiliar and crucially important non-vertebrate animal lineages, such as lancelets and sea squirts. This will be the first book to synthesize, summarize, and provide high-quality illustrations to show what is known of the configuration, development, homology, and evolution of the muscles of all major extant chordate groups. Muscles as different as those used to open the siphons of sea squirts and for human facial communication will be compared, and their evolutionary links will be explained. Another unique feature of the book is that it covers, illustrates, and provides detailed evolutionary tables for each and every muscle of the head, neck and of all paired and median appendages of extant vertebrates.


    Key Selling Features:

    • Has more than 200 high-quality anatomical illustrations, including evolutionary trees that summarize the origin and evolution of all major muscle groups of chordates
    • Includes data on the muscles of the head and neck and on the pectoral, pelvic, anal, dorsal, and caudal appendages of all extant vertebrate taxa
    • Examines experimental observations from evolutionary developmental biology studies of chordate muscle development, allowing to evolutionarily link the muscles of vertebrates with those of other chordates
    • Discusses broader developmental and evolutionary issues and their implications for macroevolution, such as the links between phylogeny and ontogeny, homology and serial homology, normal and abnormal development, the evolution, variations, and birth defects of humans, and medicine.


    About the Authors


    Chapter 1 Introduction

    Chapter 2 Methodology

    Chapter 3 Non-Vertebrate Chordates and the Origin of the Muscles of Vertebrates

    Chapter 4 General Discussion on the Early Evolution of the Vertebrate Cephalic Muscles

    Chapter 5 Cephalic Muscles of Cyclostomes and Chondrichthyans

    Chapter 6 Cephalic Muscles of Actinopterygians and Basal Sarcopterygians

    Chapter 7 Development of Cephalic Muscles in Chondrichthyans and Bony Fishes

    Chapter 8 Head and Neck Muscle Evolution from Sarcopterygian Fishes to Tetrapods, with a Special Focus

    on Mammals

    Chapter 9 Head and Neck Muscles of Amphibians

    Chapter 10 Head and Neck Muscles of Reptiles

    Chapter 11 Development of Cephalic Muscles in Tetrapods

    Chapter 12 Pectoral and Pelvic Girdle and Fin Muscles of Chondrichthyans and Pectoral-Pelvic Nonserial Homology

    Chapter 13 Pectoral and Pelvic Muscles of Actinopterygian Fishes

    Chapter 14 Muscles of Median Fins and Origin of Pectoral vs. Pelvic and Paired vs. Median Fins

    Chapter 15 Development of Muscles of Paired and Median Fins in Fishes

    Chapter 16 Pectoral and Pelvic Appendicular Muscle Evolution from Sarcopterygian Fishes to Tetrapods

    Chapter 17 Forelimb Muscles of Tetrapods, Including Mammals

    Chapter 18 Forelimb Muscles of Limbed Amphibians and Reptiles

    Chapter 19 Hindlimb Muscles of Tetrapods and More Insights on Pectoral–Pelvic Nonserial Homology

    Chapter 20 Development of Limb Muscles in Tetrapods




    Rui Diogo is an Associate Professor at Howard University College of Medicine and a member of the Resource Faculty at the Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology at George Washington University. One of the youngest researchers to be nominated as Fellow of the American Association of Anatomists, he won several prestigious awards, being the only researcher to be selected for the first/second place for best article of the year in the top anatomical journal two times in just three years (2013/2015). Author or co-author of more than 100 papers in top journals, such as Nature, and of numerous book chapters, he is the co-editor of three books and the sole or first author of eleven books covering subjects as diverse as fish evolution, chordate development, and human medicine and pathology, including a book adopted at medical schools worldwide, "Learning and understanding human anatomy and pathology: an evolutionary and developmental guide for medical students.

    Julia Molnar is a Research Associate in the College of Medicine at Howard University in the Department of Anatomy.

    Janine Ziermann is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Anatomy at Howard University's College of Medicine.