Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage  book cover
1st Edition

Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage

Edited By


ISBN 9781138676329
Published July 29, 2016 by Routledge
432 Pages

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Book Description

This volume provides an unparalleled exploration of ethics and museum practice, considering the controversies and debates which surround key issues such as provenance, ownership, cultural identity, environmental sustainability and social engagement. Using a variety of case studies which reflect the internal realities and daily activities of museums as they address these issues, from exhibition content and museum research to education, accountability and new technologies, Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage enables a greater understanding of the role of museums as complex and multifaceted institutions of cultural production, identity-formation and heritage preservation.

Benefitting from ICOM’s unique position in the museum world, this collection brings a global range of academics and professionals together to examine museums ethics from multiple perspectives. Providing a more complete picture of the diverse activities now carried out by museums, Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage will appeal to practitioners, academics and students alike.

Table of Contents

i ICOM Turns 70: Ethics and the Value Creation Role of Museums
Hans-Martin Hinz

ii  The role of museums in the twenty-first century 
Anne Catherine Robert-Hauglustaine

iii The Work of the ICOM Ethics Committee 
Martin Schärer

iv Introduction
Bernice L Murphy

PART I: Museums and ethics, the ICOM Code, and evolving standards for museums’ heritage care and social commitment
1 ICOM’s present Code: ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums (2004)
 Geoffrey Lewis

2 Ethical Issues and Standards for Natural History Museums
 Eric Dorfman

3 Reversing the De-realisation of Natural and Social Phenomena:  Ethical Issues for Museums in a Multidisciplinary Context 
Michel Van-Praët

PART II:  International Action on Protection of the World’s Cultural Heritage and Biosphere
4 UNESCO’s Actions and International Standards for Museums
 Mechtild Rossler, and Nao Hayashi

5 The UNESCO Recommendation on the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, their Diversity and Role in Society 
François Mairesse

6 Protecting Cultural Heritage at Risk: an International Public Service Mission for ICOM
France Desmarais

7 Dances with Intellectual Property: Museums, Monetization and Digitization 
Rina Pantalony

8 Stolen and Illegally Exported Artifacts in Collections: Key Issues for Museums within a Legal Framework 
Marilyn Phelan

9 Advice and Support in the Recovery of Lost Art : The Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste Michael Franz

PART III:  Heritage Care and Ethics Through the Lens of Multiple Cultures and Regions
10 Unchanging Ethics in a Changing World 
Gary Edson
11 New Models of Shared Heritage and Collection Access: Museum Island and Humboldt Forum in Berlin 
Herman Parzinger

12 A Museum Triangle: Ethics, Standards of Care, and the Pleasure of Perception 
Dorota Folga- Januszewska

13 The Odyssey of Nature and Science Museums from Apollo to the Anthropocene 
Emlyn Koster

14 The Chinese Museum: Transformation and Change through Ethics Construction 
An Laishun

15 Ethics, Museology and Professional Training in Japan
 Eiji Mizushima

PART IV: Provenance research, evolving issues and new directions across a changing landscape for collections
16 Advocating for International Collaborations: WWII-era Provenance Research in Museums Jane Milosch

17 ‘Definitely Stolen?’: Why There Is No Alternative to Provenance Research in Archaeological Museums
 Markus Hilgert

18 Deaccessioning: some reflections 
François Mairesse

19 Ethics in a Changing Social Landscape: Community Engagement and Public Participation in Museums. 
Sally Yerkovitch

20 Conservation – How Ethics Work in Practice 
Stephanie de Roemer

PART V: ‘Torn History’, Reshaping an Integrated Heritage, and Repatriation Issues
21 Using the Past to Forge a Future: Challenges of Uniting a Nation against Skeletal Odds Bongani Ndhlovu

22 Exhibiting Contentious and Difficult Histories: Ethics, Emotions and Reflexivity 
Sharon Macdonald

23 Native America in the Twenty-First Century: Journeys in Cultural Governance and Museum Interpretation 
W. Richard West, Jr.

24 Afro-descendent Heritage and its Unacknowledged Legacy in Latin American Museum Representation 
Monica Gorgas

25 In Search of the Inclusive Museum 
Amareswar Galla

PART VI: Case-Studies, Ethical Dilemmas and Ethics-in-Action
26 The Lombroso Museum in Turin: A Reflection on the Exhibition and Scientific Study of Human Remains 
Alberto Garlandini & Stefano Montaldo

27 The Auschwitz-Birkenow Museum and a Claim to Portraits of Holocaust Victims Made by Artist Dinah Gottliebová Babitt 
Vojtěch Blodig

28 The Mask of Ka-nefer-nefer
 Regine Schulz

29 Ethics versus Law: The restitution of The Miracle of St Anthony by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
 Aedín MacDevitt

30 Ethics in Action: Situational Scenarios Turning the Keys to the Code of Ethics 
Eva Maehre Lauritzen

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Bernice L. Murphy is the former National Director, Museums Australia (Canberra), and Chair of the ICOM Ethics Committee from 2005-2011. She is also former Director of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney (1984–2008). She served nine years (six as Vice-President) on the International Council of Museums Executive Council (1995–2004). She has published since the 1970s on exhibitions, art museums and contemporary art (including Indigenous art) and is the current editor of Museums Australia magazine.