1st Edition

Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage

Edited By ICOM Copyright 2016
    432 Pages
    by Routledge

    432 Pages
    by Routledge

    This volume provides an unparalleled exploration of ethics and museum practice, considering the controversies and debates which surround key issues such as provenance, ownership, cultural identity, environmental sustainability and social engagement. Using a variety of case studies which reflect the internal realities and daily activities of museums as they address these issues, from exhibition content and museum research to education, accountability and new technologies, Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage enables a greater understanding of the role of museums as complex and multifaceted institutions of cultural production, identity-formation and heritage preservation.

    Benefitting from ICOM’s unique position in the museum world, this collection brings a global range of academics and professionals together to examine museums ethics from multiple perspectives. Providing a more complete picture of the diverse activities now carried out by museums, Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage will appeal to practitioners, academics and students alike.

    i ICOM Turns 70: Ethics and the Value Creation Role of Museums
    Hans-Martin Hinz

    ii  The role of museums in the twenty-first century 
    Anne Catherine Robert-Hauglustaine

    iii The Work of the ICOM Ethics Committee 
    Martin Schärer

    iv Introduction
    Bernice L Murphy

    PART I: Museums and ethics, the ICOM Code, and evolving standards for museums’ heritage care and social commitment
    1 ICOM’s present Code: ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums (2004)
     Geoffrey Lewis

    2 Ethical Issues and Standards for Natural History Museums
     Eric Dorfman

    3 Reversing the De-realisation of Natural and Social Phenomena:  Ethical Issues for Museums in a Multidisciplinary Context 
    Michel Van-Praët

    PART II:  International Action on Protection of the World’s Cultural Heritage and Biosphere
    4 UNESCO’s Actions and International Standards for Museums
     Mechtild Rossler, and Nao Hayashi

    5 The UNESCO Recommendation on the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, their Diversity and Role in Society 
    François Mairesse

    6 Protecting Cultural Heritage at Risk: an International Public Service Mission for ICOM
    France Desmarais

    7 Dances with Intellectual Property: Museums, Monetization and Digitization 
    Rina Pantalony

    8 Stolen and Illegally Exported Artifacts in Collections: Key Issues for Museums within a Legal Framework 
    Marilyn Phelan

    9 Advice and Support in the Recovery of Lost Art : The Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste Michael Franz

    PART III:  Heritage Care and Ethics Through the Lens of Multiple Cultures and Regions
    10 Unchanging Ethics in a Changing World 
    Gary Edson
    11 New Models of Shared Heritage and Collection Access: Museum Island and Humboldt Forum in Berlin 
    Herman Parzinger

    12 A Museum Triangle: Ethics, Standards of Care, and the Pleasure of Perception 
    Dorota Folga- Januszewska

    13 The Odyssey of Nature and Science Museums from Apollo to the Anthropocene 
    Emlyn Koster

    14 The Chinese Museum: Transformation and Change through Ethics Construction 
    An Laishun

    15 Ethics, Museology and Professional Training in Japan
     Eiji Mizushima

    PART IV: Provenance research, evolving issues and new directions across a changing landscape for collections
    16 Advocating for International Collaborations: WWII-era Provenance Research in Museums Jane Milosch

    17 ‘Definitely Stolen?’: Why There Is No Alternative to Provenance Research in Archaeological Museums
     Markus Hilgert

    18 Deaccessioning: some reflections 
    François Mairesse

    19 Ethics in a Changing Social Landscape: Community Engagement and Public Participation in Museums. 
    Sally Yerkovitch

    20 Conservation – How Ethics Work in Practice 
    Stephanie de Roemer

    PART V: ‘Torn History’, Reshaping an Integrated Heritage, and Repatriation Issues
    21 Using the Past to Forge a Future: Challenges of Uniting a Nation against Skeletal Odds Bongani Ndhlovu

    22 Exhibiting Contentious and Difficult Histories: Ethics, Emotions and Reflexivity 
    Sharon Macdonald

    23 Native America in the Twenty-First Century: Journeys in Cultural Governance and Museum Interpretation 
    W. Richard West, Jr.

    24 Afro-descendent Heritage and its Unacknowledged Legacy in Latin American Museum Representation 
    Monica Gorgas

    25 In Search of the Inclusive Museum 
    Amareswar Galla

    PART VI: Case-Studies, Ethical Dilemmas and Ethics-in-Action
    26 The Lombroso Museum in Turin: A Reflection on the Exhibition and Scientific Study of Human Remains 
    Alberto Garlandini & Stefano Montaldo

    27 The Auschwitz-Birkenow Museum and a Claim to Portraits of Holocaust Victims Made by Artist Dinah Gottliebová Babitt 
    Vojtěch Blodig

    28 The Mask of Ka-nefer-nefer
     Regine Schulz

    29 Ethics versus Law: The restitution of The Miracle of St Anthony by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
     Aedín MacDevitt

    30 Ethics in Action: Situational Scenarios Turning the Keys to the Code of Ethics 
    Eva Maehre Lauritzen


    Bernice L. Murphy is the former National Director, Museums Australia (Canberra), and Chair of the ICOM Ethics Committee from 2005-2011. She is also former Director of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney (1984–2008). She served nine years (six as Vice-President) on the International Council of Museums Executive Council (1995–2004). She has published since the 1970s on exhibitions, art museums and contemporary art (including Indigenous art) and is the current editor of Museums Australia magazine.