This book is the first systematic attempt to study the situation of European and American Muslims after 9/11, and to present a comprehensive analysis of their religious, political, and legal situations.
Since 9/11, and particularly since the Madrid and London bombings of 2004 and 2005, the Muslim presence in Europe and the United States has become a major political concern. Many have raised questions regarding potential links between Western Muslims, radical Islam, and terrorism. Whatever the justification of such concerns, it is insufficient to address the subject of Muslims in the West from an exclusively counter-terrorist perspective. Based on empirical studies of Muslims in the US and Western Europe, this edited volume posits the situation of Muslim minorities in a broader reflection on the status of liberalism in Western foreign policies. It also explores the changes in immigration policies, multiculturalism and secularism that have been shaped by the new international context of the ‘war on terror’.
This book will be of great interest to students of Critical Security Studies, Islamic Studies, Sociology and Political Science in general.
Jocelyne Cesari is an Associate at Harvard’s Center for Middle Eastern Studies and the Center for European Studies, teaching at Harvard Divinity School and the Government Department, specializing in Islam and the Middle East.
Table of Contents
Introduction Jocelyne Cesari Part 1: Overview: Muslims in Europe and the US 1. Securitization of Islam in Europe Jocelyne Cesari 2. Muslims in America Jane Smith Part 2: Anti-Terrorism and International Constraints 3. The War on Terror and the Muslims in the West Mahmood Monshipouri 4. Bush’s Political Fundamentalism and the "War" against Militant Islam: The US-European Divide Dirk Nabers 5. The Liberal Roots of the American Empire Michael C. Desch Part 3: Influence of International Constraints on Politics, Law and Religion in the West 6. Welcoming Muslims into the Nation: Tolerance Politics and Integration in Germany Frank Peter 7. Shari’a and the Future of Secular Europe Jocelyne Cesari 8. American Muslims at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Hope and Pessimism in the Drive for Civic and Political Inclusion Louise Cainkar 9. The Concept of the Muslim Enemy in the Public Discourse Reim Spielhaus and Yasemin Schooman 10. Islamic Radicalism in Europe Farhad Khosrokhavar
Jocelyne Cesari is an Associate at Harvard’s Center for Middle Eastern Studies and the Center for European Studies, teaching at the Harvard Divinity School and in the Government Department. She is a French political scientist, tenured at the French National Center for Scientific Research in Paris, and specializes in contemporary Islamic societies.