Mussolini's Camps: Civilian Internment in Fascist Italy (1940-1943), 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Mussolini's Camps

Civilian Internment in Fascist Italy (1940-1943), 1st Edition

By Carlo Spartaco Capogreco


288 pages

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Hardback: 9781138333086
pub: 2019-10-11
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This book – which is based on vast archival research and on a variety of primary sources – has filled a gap in Italy’s historiography on Fascism, and in European and World history about concentration camps in our contemporary world. It provides, for the first time, a survey of the different types of internment practiced by Fascist Italy during the war and a historical map of its concentration camps.

Published in Italian (I campi del duce, Torino 2004), in Croatian (Mussolinijevi Logori, Zagreb 2007) in Slovenian (Fašistična taborišča, Ljubliana 2011), and now in English, Mussolini’s Camps is both an excellent product of academic research and a narrative easily accessible to readers who are not professional historians. It undermines the myth that concentration camps were established in Italy only after the creation of the Republic of Salò and the Nazi occupation of Italy’s northern regions in 1943, and questions the persistent and traditional image of Italians as brava gente (good people), showing how Fascism made extensive use of the camps (even in the occupied territories) as an instrument of coercion and political control.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

List of abbreviations

Note to the text

Mussolini’s Camps


Author’s Introduction

Chapter One

Preliminary survey

1-The "Police Confinement"

2-Deportation and Internment

3-The Camps

Chapter Two

The Bureaucratic Machine

1-"Regulatory" Civilian Internment

2-"Parallel" Civilian Internment

3- Conditions of Internment

Chapter Three

The Internees

1-Foreign internees

2-Italian Internees

Chapter Four

Life in the Camps and Care of the Internees

1-Camps of the "Regulatory" Civilian Internment.

2-Camps of the "Parallel" Civilian internment.

3-Operations for the Protection and Assistance of Internees.

Topography and History of the Camps

I- Camps supervised by the Ministry of Interior

II- Camps for ‘Slavs’ of the "Parallel" Civilian Internment

Maps and Diagrams

Chronology of the main Acts and Orders



About the Authors

Carlo Spartaco Capogreco is considered one of the foremost international experts on the history of Civilian Internment during Fascism. Currently, he is Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Calabria and Scientific Advisor for the Foundation Jewish Contemporary Documentation Center in Milan. Among his other writings of note are Il piombo e l’argento (Roma: Donzelli, 2007); Renicci (Milano: Mursia, 2003); Ferramonti (Firenze: La Giuntina, 1987). He has contributed entries and essays to the Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2018); La Shoah in Italia (Torino: Utet, 2010); Dizionario dell’Olocausto (Torino: Einaudi, 2004); Dizionario del Fascismo (Torino: Einaudi, 2002); Dizionario della Resistenza (Torino: Einaudi, 2001); and has also edited and annotated the critical edition of Maria Eisenstein’s L’internata numero 6 (Milano: Mimesis, 2014).

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Italy

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General
HISTORY / Europe / Italy
HISTORY / Military / World War II
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century