1st Edition

Mycorrhizae in Crop Production

Edited By Chantal Hamel Copyright 2007
    334 Pages
    by CRC Press

    334 Pages
    by CRC Press

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    Design cropping practices that make the most of the contribution of AM fungi

    Mycorrhizae in Crop Production is a comprehensive guide to the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in developing sustainable cropping systems. This unique book examines how AMF benefit crop plants in both greenhouse and field crop production. It’s also a much-needed reference source on the management of the mycorrhizal symbiosis in non-English speaking countries where the development of AMF-based technologies is more advanced.

    Mycorrhizae in Crop Production explores the form and function of AMF extraradical mycelial networks, the impact of those networks on plant uptake in macro- and micro-nutrients, and the interaction between AMF and plant pathogens. The book draws on research and applications in Latin America and India, where AMF-based technologies are a high priority in the development of horticultural production.

    Mycorrhizae in Crop Production examines:

    • the nature and role of AM mycelia as plant providers
    • how AM fungi reduce the incidence of disease in plants
    • how AM fungi are best used in horticultural production
    • best practices for crop inoculation with effective AM strains
    • how AM biotechnologies are applicable in tropical crops
    • how AM inoculants are useful in soil rehabilitation
    • how the negative aspects of human activity on the environment has established a need for research in wealthier countries
    • and much more

    Mycorrhizae in Crop Production is an essential classroom and field resource for academics and researchers working in crop production, plant pathology, microbial ecology, soil science, and the environmental sciences.

    • About the Editors
    • Contributors
    • Preface
    • Chapter 1. Extraradical Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Mycelia: Shadowy Figures in the Soil (Chantal Hamel)
    • Nature of the Extraradical Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Mycelium
    • Specific Associations with Specific Outcomes
    • Influences on the Development of the Extraradical Mycelium in Cropping Systems
    • Conclusions
    • Chapter 2. Soil Nutrient and Water Providers: How Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Mycelia Support Plant Performance in a Resource-Limited World (Aiguo Liu, Christian Plenchette, and Chantal Hamel)
    • Phosphorus Uptake
    • Nitrogen Uptake
    • Uptake of Other Nutrients
    • Conclusion
    • Chapter 3. Effects of the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis on Plant Diseases and Pests (Marc St-Arnaud and Vladimir Vujanovic)
    • Effect of AM Fungi on Root Diseases
    • Effect of AM Fungi on Diseases Caused by Foliar or Systemic Pathogens
    • Effect of AM Fungi on Insects and Other Invertebrates
    • Effect of Pathogens on AM Fungi
    • Roles and Mechanisms of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Biocontrol
    • Conclusions
    • Chapter 4. Capturing the Benefits of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in Horticulture (John Larsen, Sabine Ravnskov, and Jorn Nygaard Sorensen)
    • Role of AM in Plant Production
    • Potential Areas for Integrating AMF into Horticulture
    • Use of AMF in Field-Grown Horticultural Crops
    • Integrating AM into Greenhouse Plant Production
    • Other Obstacles to Integrating AM into Horticulture
    • Conclusions and Perspectives
    • Chapter 5. Advances in the Management of Effective Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Tropical Ecosystems (Ramón Rivera, Félix Fernández, Kalyanne Fernández, Luis Ruiz, Ciro Sánchez, and Manuel Riera)
    • Specificity between Soil and AM Fungi and Strains Selection
    • Specificity between Efficacious Strains and Crop Species
    • Influence of Nutrient Availability on Mycorrhizal Effectiveness
    • AM Fungi-Rhizobacteria Coinoculation
    • AM Inoculation and Crop Rotation
    • Influence of Efficacious AM on Soil Aggregation
    • Green Manure Use and Mycorrhizal Effectiveness
    • Use of the AM Symbiosis on Production Scales
    • Cropping Systems with Efficacious AM Strains
    • Chapter 6. Mycorrhizae in Tropical Agriculture (Alejandro Alarcón, Jesús Pérez-Moreno, and Ronald Ferrera-Cerrato)
    • Mycorrhizae and Sustainable Tropical Agriculture
    • Effects of AM Fungi on Plant Growth, Phosphorus Uptake, and Increased Resistance to Disease in Tropical Agriculture
    • AM Fungi and Rehabilitation of Degraded Soils in Tropical Areas
    • Future Research
    • Chapter 7. Mycorrhizae in Indian Culture (Seema Sharma, Deepak Pant, Sujan Singh, Radha R. Sinha, and Alok Adholeya)
    • Mycorrhizal Diversity and Efficacy in Indian Agriculture
    • Inoculum Production and Application
    • Effect of Management Practices on AM Fungi
    • Effect of Edapho-Climatic Factors on Mycorrhizal Colonization and Plant Growth
    • Effect of Pollution and Metal Toxicity on Mycorrhizal Colonization and Plant Growth
    • Interaction of Mycorrhizae with Soil Microorganisms
    • Factors Affecting Efficiency of Tripartite Systems
    • Interaction with Plant Pathogens
    • Adoption of Mycorrhizae by Producers
    • Conclusion
    • Chapter 8. Mycorrhizae and Crop Production in a World of Rapid Climate Change: A Warning Call (Mayra E. Gavito)
    • Global Climate Change: What is Really Coming and Why Should We Worry?
    • Historical Development
    • Neglected and New Research Areas
    • Concluding Remarks
    • Index
    • Reference Notes Included


    Chantal Hamel