As China becomes increasingly integrated into the global system there will be continuing pressure to acknowledge and engage with non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Suffice to say, without a clear understanding of the state’s interaction with NGOs, and vice versa, any political, economic and social analysis of China will be incomplete.
This book provides an urgent insight into contemporary state-NGO relations. It brings together the most recent research covering three broad themes, namely the conceptualizations and subsequent functions of NGOs; state-NGO engagement; and NGOs as a mediator between state and society in contemporary China. The book provides a future glimpse into the challenges of state-NGO interactions in China's rapidly developing regions, which will aid NGOs strategic planning in both the short- and long-term. In addition, it allows a measure of predictability in our assessment of Chinese NGOs behaviour, notably when they eventually move their areas of operation from the domestic sphere to an international one.
The salient themes, concepts, theories and practice discussed in this book will be of acute interest to students, scholars and practitioners in development studies, public administration, and Chinese and Asian politics.
Reza Hasmath is a Lecturer in Chinese Politics at the University of Oxford, UK, and an Associate Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta, Canada. His research looks at state-society relationships, the labour market experiences of ethnic minorities, and development theories and practices.
Jennifer Y.J. Hsu is an Assistant Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta, Canada. Her recent publications include a co-authored book HIV/AIDS in China: The Economic and Social Determinants (Routledge, 2011), and a co-edited book The Chinese Corporatist State: Adaption, Survival and Resistance (Routledge, 2012).
1. Governing and Managing NGOs in China: An Introduction Jennifer Y.J. Hsu and Reza Hasmath 2. The Politics of Space, State and NGOs in China Jennifer Y.J. Hsu 3. The Emergence of an Autonomous Social Sector in China Bingzhong Gao Xun-xiang Xia 4. Mapping the Dynamics of Civil Society in China: A Modal Analysis of Trends in the NGO Sector Shawn Shieh 5. The Evolution of a Collaborative Governance Model: Social Service Outsourcing to Civil Society Organizations in China Jessica Teets and Marta Jagusztyn 6. (Dis)Trusting NGOs in China Christopher Heurlin 7. What Explains a Lack of State-NGO Collaboration? A Neo-Institutional Perspective Reza Hasmath and Jennifer Y.J. Hsu 8. From NGO to Enterprise: The Political Economy of Activist Adaptation in ChinaTimothy Hildebrandt 9. Experimenting with Party-led "People’s Society": Four Regional Models Patricia M. Thornton 10. China Youth Development Foundation: GONGO (Government-Organized NGO) or GENGO (Government-Exploiting NGO) Carolyn L. Hsu
"Grounded in deep engagement as well as expert knowledge of contemporary China, this outstanding collection deftly explains how and why NGOs have multiplied and evolved within the space created and mediated by the state. Of particular value is the book’s success in unpacking the complex political dynamics through which some organizations thrive and others struggle."
Professor Deborah Davis, Yale University, USA
"This book on governing and managing NGOs in China is a useful contribution to current studies of NGOs in China. Particularly valuable are the diverse empirical case-studies of specific types of state-NGO interaction, which lend texture and depth to the analysis. This will be an important read for students of China."
Professor Jude Howell, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
"In spite of hostility on the part of the Chinese government, NGOs, domestic and international, have become part of the landscape in China, engaging in a wide range of activities, sometimes supporting and supplementing the state, and other times challenging it. The well-researched and compelling case studies in this book help us understand the richness and complexity of life in the associational private spaces in China that are too often overlooked."
Professor Thomas B. Gold, University of California, Berkeley, USA
"This book reveals the diversity and complexity of the relationship between contemporary Chinese NGOs and the government, and looks into the future of civil society in China. For those who want to understand the China’s state-society relationship, this book is a must read."
Professor Guosheng Deng, Tsinghua University, China
"The governance and management of NGOs in China is an important and rapidly-evolving field. In this up-to-date, carefully-researched and theoretically innovative collection, the editors are to be congratulated in bringing together a wide-ranging set of scholarly contributions that reframe the field. This book will be indispensable to scholars and practitioners in the years to come."
Professor David Lewis, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
"This book provides a compelling and nuanced explanation of the development of NGOs in China. The authors based their analysis on rich empirical findings … [and] should be praised for its contribution to the study of Chinese NGOs. It would be most helpful for graduate students and scholars interested in civil society and state-society relationships in China."
Journal of Chinese Political Science