Nanocellulose and Its Composites for Water Treatment Applications  book cover
1st Edition

Nanocellulose and Its Composites for Water Treatment Applications

Edited By

Dinesh Kumar

ISBN 9780367487331
Published July 12, 2021 by CRC Press
230 Pages 14 Color & 40 B/W Illustrations

USD $150.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

Biological materials and their applications have drawn increasing attention among scientists. Cellulose is an abundant, renewable, biodegradable, economical, thermally stable, and light material, and it has found application in pharmaceuticals, coatings, food, textiles, laminates, sensors, actuators, flexible electronics, and flexible displays. Its nano form has extraordinary surface properties, such as higher surface area than cellulose; hence, nanocellulose can be used as a substitute for cellulose. Among many other sustainable, functional nanomaterials, nanocellulose is attracting growing interest in environmental remediation technologies because of its many unique properties and functionalities.

Nanocellulose and Its Composites for Water Treatment Applications supplies insight into the application of nanocellulose and its nanocomposites for water purification and remediation. It covers different classes of nanocellulose—cellulose nanocrystal (CNC), microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), hairy cellulose nanocrystalloid (HCNC), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)—for their competency with other renewable and carbonaceous materials such as pectin, alginate, and CNTs. Future perspectives of nanocellulose and nanocomposites gleaned from different biodegradable origins are also discussed.

This book delves into an updated description of the basic principles and developments in synthesis, characterization methods, properties (chemical, thermal, optical, structural, surface, and mechanical structure), property relationships, crystallization behavior, and degradability of biodegradable nanocomposites. The book also supplies vivid information about various cellulose nanomaterials and their applications in absorbing organic and inorganic toxins, membrane filtration of bacteria, viruses, and ionic impurities, photocatalytic dye removal, and sensing of water toxins.


  • Details the synthesis and characterization methods of nanocellulose

  • Illustrates the applications of nanocellulose and its nanocomposites

  • Shows in-depth accounts of the various types of properties of nanocellulose and its composites

  • Features emerging trends in the use of nanocellulose as adsorbents, sensors, membranes, and photocatalysis materials

This book will be useful for academics, researchers, and engineers working in water treatment and purification.

Table of Contents

Nanocellulose: Synthesis and Characterization Methods

With N. Vigneshwaran, A.K. Bharimalla, P.G. Patil

Nanocellulose: Chemical, Thermal and Optical Properties

With Ismail Muhamad Fareez, Ooi Der Jiun, Wu Yuan Seng

Nanocellulose: Structural Properties and Mechanical Structure-Property Relationships

With Meena Nemiwal, Kaushalya Bhakar

Surface Chemistry of Nanocellulose and Its Composites

With Jorge Padrão, Andrea Zille

Chemical Modification of Nanocellulose for Water Purification

With Subrata Mondal

Potential Differences of Cellulose Nanocrystal, Microfibrillated Cellulose and Hairy Cellulose Nanocrystalloid in Water Purification

With Kaushalya Bhakar, Meena Nemiwal, Dinesh Kumar

Potential of Nanocellulose as a Sustainable Replacement of CNTs in Water Purification Methods

With Ankita Dhillon, Meena Nemiwal, Dinesh Kumar

Potential Differences of Plant Nanocellulose and Bacterial Nanocellulose in Water Purification

With W. M. Dimuthu Nilmini Wijeyaratne

Nanocellulose Based Membrane for Water Purification

With Theivasanthi Thirugnanasambandan

Nanocellulose Based Adsorbent for Dye Adsorption

With Pallavi Jain, A. Geetha Bhavani, Sapna Raghav

Nanocellulose Based Materials for Desalination of Saline Water

With Pallavi Jain, A. Geetha Bhavani, Makarand Upadhyaya

Nanocellulose Based Materials for the Removal of Inorganic Toxicants

With Rekha Sharma, Sapna Nehra, Dinesh Kumar

Nanocellulose in Sensing Application for Water Purification

With Sapna Nehra, Rekha Sharma, Dinesh Kumar

Nanocellulose Based Materials for Photocatalysis in Water Treatment Applications

With Meena Nemiwal, Ankita Dhillon

Nanocellulose Based Materials for the Removal of Organic Toxicants and Antibacterial Applications

With Pallavi Jain, A. Geetha Bhavani

State of the Art and Future Perspective of Nanocellulose in Water Treatment

With Kritika S. Sharma, Rekha Sharma, Dinesh Kumar

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Dinesh Kumar is currently working as Professor in the School of Chemical Sciences at the Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, India. Prof. Kumar obtained his master's and Ph.D. degrees in Chemistry from the Department of Chemistry, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur in 2002 and 2006, respectively. Prof. Kumar has received many national and international awards and fellowships. His research interest focuses on the development of capped MNPs, core-shell NPs, and biopolymers incorporated metal oxide-based nanoadsorbents and nanosensors for the removal and the sensing of health hazardous inorganic toxicants like fluoride and heavy metal ions from aqueous media. Prof. Kumar developed hybrid nanomaterials from different biopolymers like pectin, chitin, cellulose and chitosan for water purification. His research interests also focus on the synthesis of supramolecular metal complexes, metal chelates their biological effectiveness. He has authored and co-authored over 90 publications in journals of international repute, one book, over seven dozen book chapters, and 70 presentations/talks at national/international conferences