1st Edition

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology Fundamentals and Applications

By P.K. Tewari Copyright 2016
    325 Pages
    by CRC Press

    325 Pages 71 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver an extensive exploration of nanocomposite membrane technology. This groundbreaking text offers an eloquent introduction to the field as well as a comprehensive overview of fundamental aspects and application areas. Approaching the subject from the materials point of view, this book:

    • Discusses the history, synthesis, and characterization of nanocomposite membranes
    • Examines water treatment, gas separation, and biomedical applications
    • Addresses health, environmental, safety, and societal implications
    • Considers processing challenges, including scalability issues
    • Provides case studies of real-world implementations

    Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications covers each topic with enough clarity and detail to be a valuable source of information for beginners and experts alike. Thus, this book is the guide of choice for scientists and engineers in both industry and academia.

    Membrane Technology
    Historical Background
    Membranes and Membrane Types
    Membrane Technologies
    Other Membrane Processes
    Membrane Transport Theories
    Membrane Preparation Technique
    Membrane Modules
    Selection of Membrane Module
    Concentration Polarization and Fouling
    Materials for Different Membrane Processes
    Need for Nanocomposite Membranes

    Synthesis of Nanocomposite Membranes
    Raw Materials
    Processing Methods

    Characterization of Nanocomposite Membranes
    Methods for Measurement of Pore Size and Pore Size Distribution
    Micrographic Methods
    Spectroscopic Methods
    Contact Angle Goniometer
    Zeta Potential Measurements
    Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    Tensile Strength Measurements
    Methods to Characterize Proton-Exchange Membranes

    Nanocomposite Membranes in Water Treatment
    Conventional Nanocomposites
    Thin-Film Nanocomposites
    TFC with Nanocomposite Substrate
    Bioinspired Membranes

    Nanocomposite Membranes in Gas Separation
    Mixed Matrix Membrane
    Nanocomposite Membrane Preparation
    MMM Materials
    Effect of the Inorganic Dispersed Phase
    Porous Material Fillers
    Nonporous Material Fillers
    Permeation Models for MMMs

    Nanocomposite Membranes in Biomedical Applications
    Potential Areas
    Core–Shell Nanoparticles and Polymeric Nanohybrid Devices
    Chitin and Chitosan
    Bio-Nanocomposites from Lignocellulosic Resources
    Polymer–Bioactive Glass Nanocomposites
    Gold Nanoparticles
    Carbon Nanotubes

    Challenges in Processing of Nanocomposite Membranes
    Material Selection
    Interface Defects
    Effect of Particle Size and Size Distribution
    Challenges in CNT–Polymer Nanocomposite Membrane
    Interfacial Defects
    Challenges for Integrated Systems Nanomanufacturing

    Nanocomposite Membranes: Health, Environment, Safety, and Societal Implications
    Risk Assessment
    Environmental Issues of Nanomaterials
    Health Risk
    Societal and Ethical Issues
    Public Awareness and Participation
    Regulatory Issues


    P.K. Tewari joined the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in 1977 and became associate director of its Chemical Engineering Group in 2014. Currently, he is Raja Ramanna fellow in the BARC, consultant to the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, and professor at the Homi Bhabha National Institute. Dr. Tewari received his PhD in chemical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in 1987. He was chairman of the International Nuclear Desalination Advisory Group of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from 2005 to 2008 and is currently chairman of the Technical Working Group on Nuclear Desalination of the IAEA. Widely published and highly decorated, Dr. Tewari is chairman of the Water Quality for Industrial Purposes Committee of the Bureau of Indian Standards, president of the Indian Desalination Association, member of the Board of Directors of the International Desalination Association, editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications, associate editor of the International Journal of Nuclear Desalination, and member of the editorial board of Desalination and Water Treatment.