Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology

Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Edition

By P.K. Tewari

CRC Press

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Description

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver an extensive exploration of nanocomposite membrane technology. This groundbreaking text offers an eloquent introduction to the field as well as a comprehensive overview of fundamental aspects and application areas. Approaching the subject from the materials point of view, this book:

  • Discusses the history, synthesis, and characterization of nanocomposite membranes
  • Examines water treatment, gas separation, and biomedical applications
  • Addresses health, environmental, safety, and societal implications
  • Considers processing challenges, including scalability issues
  • Provides case studies of real-world implementations

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications covers each topic with enough clarity and detail to be a valuable source of information for beginners and experts alike. Thus, this book is the guide of choice for scientists and engineers in both industry and academia.

Table of Contents

Membrane Technology

Historical Background

Membranes and Membrane Types

Membrane Technologies

Other Membrane Processes

Membrane Transport Theories

Membrane Preparation Technique

Membrane Modules

Selection of Membrane Module

Concentration Polarization and Fouling

Materials for Different Membrane Processes

Need for Nanocomposite Membranes

References

Synthesis of Nanocomposite Membranes

Introduction

Raw Materials

Processing Methods

Challenges

References

Characterization of Nanocomposite Membranes

Introduction

Methods for Measurement of Pore Size and Pore Size Distribution

Micrographic Methods

Spectroscopic Methods

Contact Angle Goniometer

Zeta Potential Measurements

Differential Scanning Calorimetry

Tensile Strength Measurements

Methods to Characterize Proton-Exchange Membranes

References

Nanocomposite Membranes in Water Treatment

Introduction

Conventional Nanocomposites

Thin-Film Nanocomposites

TFC with Nanocomposite Substrate

Bioinspired Membranes

Challenges

References

Nanocomposite Membranes in Gas Separation

Introduction

Mixed Matrix Membrane

Nanocomposite Membrane Preparation

MMM Materials

Effect of the Inorganic Dispersed Phase

Porous Material Fillers

Nonporous Material Fillers

Permeation Models for MMMs

References

Nanocomposite Membranes in Biomedical Applications

Introduction

Potential Areas

Core–Shell Nanoparticles and Polymeric Nanohybrid Devices

Chitin and Chitosan

Bio-Nanocomposites from Lignocellulosic Resources

Polymer–Bioactive Glass Nanocomposites

Gold Nanoparticles

Graphene

Carbon Nanotubes

References

Challenges in Processing of Nanocomposite Membranes

Introduction

Material Selection

Interface Defects

Effect of Particle Size and Size Distribution

Challenges in CNT–Polymer Nanocomposite Membrane

Interfacial Defects

Challenges for Integrated Systems Nanomanufacturing

References

Nanocomposite Membranes: Health, Environment, Safety, and Societal Implications

Introduction

Risk Assessment

Environmental Issues of Nanomaterials

Health Risk

Societal and Ethical Issues

Public Awareness and Participation

Regulatory Issues

References

About the Author

P.K. Tewari joined the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in 1977 and became associate director of its Chemical Engineering Group in 2014. Currently, he is Raja Ramanna fellow in the BARC, consultant to the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, and professor at the Homi Bhabha National Institute. Dr. Tewari received his PhD in chemical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in 1987. He was chairman of the International Nuclear Desalination Advisory Group of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from 2005 to 2008 and is currently chairman of the Technical Working Group on Nuclear Desalination of the IAEA. Widely published and highly decorated, Dr. Tewari is chairman of the Water Quality for Industrial Purposes Committee of the Bureau of Indian Standards, president of the Indian Desalination Association, member of the Board of Directors of the International Desalination Association, editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications, associate editor of the International Journal of Nuclear Desalination, and member of the editorial board of Desalination and Water Treatment.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS