Nanocomposite Sorbents for Multiple Applications  book cover
1st Edition

Nanocomposite Sorbents for Multiple Applications

Edited By

Yu. I. Aristov

ISBN 9789814267502
Published July 1, 2020 by Jenny Stanford Publishing
446 Pages 28 Color & 159 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book presents the first ever comprehensive survey of a new family of nanocomposite sorbents “salt in porous matrix” (CSPMs). These composites have recently been developed for selective sorption of water, alcohols, ammonia, and carbon dioxide. They owe their origin to the catchy idea of target-oriented tailoring of materials with predetermined adsorption properties harmonized with a particular adsorption process.
The book develops the concept of target-oriented synthesis and suggests tools for tailoring new adsorbent materials adapted to multiple practical applications. It describes properties of approximately 50 new CSPMs of water, alcohols, ammonia, and carbon dioxide, including the data obtained in the author’s laboratory and literature available by the end of 2018. These data can be used for engineering calculations and analysis of practical applications. The book also discusses potential applications of these sorbents for storage and transformation of low-temperature heat, gas drying, maintenance of relative humidity in museums, and regeneration of heat and moisture in ventilation systems.

Table of Contents

Introductory Remarks

Description of Adsorption Equilibrium and Dynamics

Optimal Adsorbent: Basic Requirements

Basic Synthesis Methods

Composite Sorbents of Water Vapour: The Effect of a Confined Salt

Composite Sorbents of Water Vapour: The Effect of a Host Matrix

Composite Sorbents of Methanol

Composite Sorbents of Ammonia

Composite Sorbents of Carbon Dioxide

Thermal Properties of CSPMs

Melting-Solidification of Salt Solution/ Hydrates in the Pores

Molecular Dynamics of Sorbed Water

Sorption Dynamics: An Individual Composite Grain

Sorption Dynamics: A Composite Bed

Isobaric Sorption Dynamics: A Temperature Initiation

Adsorptive Transformation of Heat: Temperature-Driven Cycles

Adsorptive Transformation of Heat: Pressure-Driven Cycles

Regeneration of Heat and Moisture in Ventilation Systems

Maintaining Relative Humidity

Shifting Chemical Equilibrium

Active Heat Insulation

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Yu. I. Aristov is a professor at the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russia. He earned his MSc in chemical physics from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and his PhD and DSc in chemistry from the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis. He has published 2 books and more than 230 papers in refereed journals, has addressed 250 communications at scientific meetings, and holds 28 patents in his name. His fields of specialization are physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, catalysis, and chemical engineering. His current research focuses on adsorption for energy conversion and novel composite sorbents for multiple applications.


“Adsorption technology has an ever-increasing range of applications in refrigeration, heat pumping, heat storage, and even extraction of drinking water from desert air. Prof. Aristov is an acknowledged international expert in this field and has written a clear and masterful account of the fundamental processes of physical and chemical adsorption, along with a description of thermodynamic cycles and complete engineering systems. This is an invaluable book to any researcher in this rapidly growing area.” Prof. R. E. Critoph, University of Warwick, UK
“The advent of novel nanostructured porous materials and their modification to nanocomposites by introducing salts into the pores has led to enormous advancements in adsorption technologies such as gas drying, CO2 scrubbing from the atmosphere, and low-temperature heat storage, among others. This book provides a competent introduction to the fundamentals and applications of the processes and materials with particular emphasis on nanocomposites.” Prof. Emil Roduner, University of Stuttgart, Germany
“This is a unique book on the designs and syntheses of composite adsorbents for targeted applications of gas adsorption. It will serve as a useful reference for both researchers and practitioners in this field.” Prof. Ralph T. Yang, University of Michigan, USA