1st Edition

Nanofillers for Sustainable Applications

    468 Pages 15 Color & 120 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    468 Pages 15 Color & 120 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Nanofillers for Sustainable Applications provides an in-depth review of the wide-ranging applications of nanofillers. It explores both synthetic and natural nanofillers and focuses on their use as reinforcement and active fillers in composite structures.

    Covering various aspects of nanofillers, including synthesis methods, characteristics, properties, and compatibility, this book highlights the potential of nanofillers as functional materials for different applications and offers a collection of comparative studies to showcase their efficacy. It emphasizes sustainability, intelligent design, and high-end applications in fields such as packaging, pulp and paper, aerospace, automotive, medicine, chemical industry, biodiesel, and chemical sensors. This book is organized into several sections, covering topics such as synthetic nanomaterials, nanosafety, natural nanofillers, polymer composites, metal nanofillers, nanofillers in various industries, nanofillers in renewable energy, nanofillers in biomedical sectors, and nanofillers in automotive and aerospace industries.

    This book will be a useful reference for undergraduate and graduate students and academic researchers in the fields of materials science, nanomaterials, and polymer composites.

    Key features:

    • Focuses on the fabrication approaches used for nanofillers in nanocomposites.

    • Covers materials selection, design solutions, manufacturing techniques, and structural analysis, highlighting their potential as functional materials in different applications.

    • Explores the positive environmental impact and material property improvements resulting from increased composite utilization across diverse industries.

    • Discusses other types of nanofillers like nanocellulose, metal-based, graphene, and wood-based materials.

    • Includes case studies from leading industrial and academic experts.

    1. Overviews of Synthetic Nanomaterials, Synthesis Methods, Characteristics and Recent Progress. 
    Siti Hasnah Kamarudin, Mohd Salahuddin Mohd Basri, Falah Abu, Siti Norasmah Surip, and Syaiful Osman
    2. The Characterization Techniques of Nanomaterials. 
    Mohd Ridhwan Adam, Muhammad Hakimin Shafie, Mohd Saiful Shamsudin, Siti Khadijah Hubadillah, Mohd Riduan Jamalludin, Mohd Haiqal Abd Aziz, and Atikah Mohd Nasir
    3. Nanosafety: Exposure, Detection, and Toxicology. 
    Nusrat Tara and Mukul Pratap Singh
    4. Natural Nanofillers: Preparation and Properties. 
    Syed Umar Faruq Syed Najmuddin, Mohd Nor Faiz Norrrahim, Mohd Nurazzi Norizan, Tengku Arisyah Tengku Yasim-Anuar, Naveen Jesuarockiam, Mohammed Abdillah Ahmad Farid, Yoshito Andou, and Mohd Idham Hakimi
    5. Compatibility Study of Nanofillers-Based Polymer Composites. 
    Ismail M. Fareez, Ramli M. Zaki, Ainil Hawa Jasni, Zaharah Wahid, Azirah Akbar Ali, Suresh Sagadevan, and Zaharah Wahid
    6. Inclusion of Nano-Fillers in Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Overviews and Applications. 
    M. R. M. Asyraf, S. A. Hassan, R. A. Ilyas, K. Z. Hazrati, A. Syamsir, M. A. F. M. Zaki, L. Y. Tee, D. D. C. Vui Sheng, N. M. Nurazzi, M. N. F. Norrrahim, M. Rafidah, Ahmad Rashedi, and S. Sharma
    7. Metal Nanofillers in Composite Structure. 
    Soleha Mohamat Yusuff, Mohd Nor Faiz Norrrahim, and Mohd Nurazzi Norizan
    8. Bio-oils as the Precursor for Carbon Nanostructure Formation. 
    M.M. Harussani, S.M. Sapuan, Gwyth Muosso, and Shahriar Ahmad Fahim
    9. Nanoplastics in Environment: Environmental Risk, Occurrence, Characterization, and Identification. 
    MohdSaiful Samsudin, Azman Azid, and Nurul Latiffah Abd Rani
    10. Nanofillers in Pulp and Paper. 
    Mohamad Nurul Azman Mohammad Taib
    11. Design of Recycled Aluminium (AA7075)-Based Composites Reinforced with Nano Filler NiAl Intermetallic and Nano Niobium Powder Produced with Vacuum Arc Melting for Aeronautical Applications. 
    Cagatay Kasar, Özgür Aslan, Fabio Gatamorta, Ibrahim Miskioglu, and Emin Bayraktar
    12. Performance Evaluation of Nanolignin in Polymer Composites. 
    Aizat Ghani, Lee Seng Hua, and Syeed Saifulazry Osman Al-Edrus
    13. Natural Nanofillers in Biopolymer-Based Composites: A Review. 
    Siti Hasnah Kamarudin, Mohd Salahuddin Mohd Basri, Syaiful Osman, So’bah Ahmad, Intan Syafinaz Mohamed Amin Tawakkal, and Ummi Hani Abdullah
    14. Effect of Dispersion and Interfacial Functionalization of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes in Epoxy Composites: Structural and Thermogravimetric Analysis Characteristics. 
    Mohammed H. M., Nurazzi N. M., N. F. M. Rawi, M. H. M. Kassim, K. M. Salleh, N. Abdullah, and M. N. F. Norrrahim
    15. Natural Nanofillers in Polyolefins-Based Composites: A Review. 
    Aisyah H.A, Zainudin E.S., Balkis F.A.B., and Lee S.H
    16. Nanofillers in Food Packaging. 
    A. Nazrin, R.M.O. Syafiq, S.M. Sapuan, M.Y.M. Zuhri, I.S.M.A. Tawakkal, and R.A. Ilyas
    17. Design of Recycled Aluminium (AA 7075+AA1050 Fine Chips)-Based Composites Reinforced with Nano-SiC Whiskers, Fine Carbon Fibre for Aeronautical Applications. 
    Özgür Aslan, Olga Klinkova, Dhurata Katundi, Ibrahim Miskioglu, and Emin Bayraktar
    18. State-of-Art Review on Nanofiller in Biodiesel Applications. 
    M. S. M. Misenan, M.S. Ahmad Farabi, N. A. Zulkipli, M. A. Mohd Saad, and A. H. Shaffie
    19. Recent Progress of Advanced Nanomaterials in Renewable Energy. 
    Norli Abdullah, Norherdawati Kasim, Siti Hasnawati Jamal, Intan Juliana Shamsudin, Noor Aisyah Ahmad Shah, and Siti Hasnawati Jamal
    20. Emerging Development on Nanocellulose And its Composites in Biomedical Sectors. 
    Mohd Nor Faiz Norrrahim, Khairul Anwar Ishak, Mohd Saiful Asmal Rani, Nik Noorul Shakira Mohamed Shakrin, Muhammad Faizan Abdul Shukor, Nurul Naqirah Shukor, Nor Syaza Syahirah Amat Junaidi, Victor Feizal Knight, Noor Azilah Mohd Kasim, Mohd Azwan Jenol, and Mohd Nurazzi Norizan
    21. Cinnamon Pickering Emulsions as a Natural Disinfectant: Protection against Bacteria and SARS-CoV-2. 
    Alana Gabrieli De Souza, Rennan Felix Da Silva Barbosa, Maurício Maruo Kato, Rafaela Reis Ferreira, Luiz Fernando Grespan Setz, Ivana Barros De Campos, Derval Dos Santos Rosa, and Eliana Della Coletta Yudice
    22. Nanofillers in Automotive and Aerospace Industry. 
    Aisyah H.A., Zainudin E.S., Bakar B.F.A., and Ilyas R.A.


    Dr. N. M. Nurazzi is a senior lecturer at the School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. Before joining Universiti Sains Malaysia, he was as Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Centre for Defence Foundation Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia, under the Newton Research Grant for the study on “Role of Intermolecular Interaction in Conductive Polymer Wrapped MWCNT as Organophosphate Sensing Material Structure”. In 2018, he was awarded a PhD from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) in Materials Engineering, under the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia scholarship. To date, he has authored and co-authored more than 100 citations indexed in journals, 30 book chapters, 15 conference proceedings/seminars, and served as Guest Editor of Journal special issues.

    Emin Bayraktar (Prof. Emeritus, Habil., Dr (Ph.D.), DSc—Doctor of Science) is an academic and research staff member in Mechanical and Manufacturing engineering at SUPMECA/Paris, France. He has authored more than 200 publications in the International Journals and International Conference Proceedings and more than 90 research reports (European = Steel Committee projects, Test + Simulation). He has advised 32 Ph.D. and 120 MSc theses, and he is currently advising 7. He is a Fellow of WAMME (World Academy of Science in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering), Editorial Board—Member of JAMME (International Journal of Achievement in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering), Advisory board member of AMPT—2009 (Advanced Materials Processing technologies), APCMP—2008 and APCMP—2010. He was Visiting Professor at Nanyang Technology University, Singapore in 2012, Xi’an Northwestern Technical University, Aeronautical Engineering, in 2016, University of Campinas, UNICAMP-Brazil in 2013 until 2023. He is a recipient of the Silesian University Prix pour “FREDERIK STAUB Golden Medal-2009” by the Academy of WAMME, “World Academy of Science”—Poland, materials science section, and a recipient of the William Johnson International Gold Medal—2014, AMPT academic association.

    M.N.F. Norrrahim is a research officer in the Research Center for Chemical Defence, National Defence University of Malaysia. He received his bachelor’s degree in industrial biotechnology (Hons) at Universiti Selangor, Malaysia in 2010. Upon completing his Bachelor degree programme, he was awarded the Graduate Research Fellowship (GRF) by the Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) to undertake a Master of Science in the field of Material Science and Engineering. He continued his Doctor of Philosophy study at UPM in the field of nanotechnology. He received a scholarship of MyPhD from Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia. He has authored or co-authored 54 citation indexed journals on nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry and biotechnology related subjects. He also authored 20 book chapters, as well as three conference proceedings/seminars.

    H.A. Aisyah is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). She earned a Master in Biocomposite Technology and Design from UPM in 2013, under the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia scholarship. She attended graduate school at the same university, graduating with a Ph.D. in 2019. In 2014, she was a postgraduate student at Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP). Her doctoral research focused on the development of textile polymer composite from natural fibre and characterization of the composite. She has authored and co-authored 30 citation indexed journals on composite and materials science related subjects. She also authored 13 book chapters, as well as 17 conference proceedings.

    N. Abdullah has been a lecturer of chemistry at the National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM), Malaysia since 2012. She received her Master of Philosophy degree in Advanced Materials from University of Malaya (UM), Malaysia in 2004. She worked as a research assistant at the Fritz Haber Institut, The Max Plank Society, Germany from 2002 until 2003 as part of the internship to complete her master’s degree. She received scholarship under Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (MOHE) to pursue Doctor of Philosophy study at UM in the field of nanomaterials. She was awarded with several research grant under MOHE and as PI for an International grant Newton Fund in 2019. Her research output includes more than 50 publications in respected journals and 10 abstracts in national and international conferences.

    M.R.M. Asyraf is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Previously, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in Institute of Energy Infrastructure, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) from 2021 to 2022. He has a Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) with first class honors from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia and Ph.D. in Material Engineering from UPM, Malaysia. Currently, he is registered as a graduate engineer, a graduate technologist, and a corporate member of Society of Sugar Palm Development and Industry, Malaysia (PPIEM). In 2019, he was appointed as a member of editorial boards in Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences (Scopus Indexed Journal). He has been appointed as Guest Editor in Special Issue entitled Lignocellulosic Fibre-based Composites in Forests (Q1), MDPI. In addition, he served as an Academic Editor in International Journal of Polymer Sciences (Q2), Hindawi and Review Editor in Frontiers of Materials (Q2). He also is an editorial board member of Journal of Natural Fibre Polymer Composites (JNFPC). To date, he has authored and co-authored more than 100 publications, including over 66 journal articles, 2 books, 30 chapters in book, and other publications. His H-Index is 23 based on Scopus database. He has delivered more than 10 international and local presentations from various conferences and seminars, and he has reviewed over 40 journal papers.