Nanofluids are solid-liquid composite material consisting of solid nanoparticles suspended in liquid with enhanced thermal properties. This book introduces basic fluid mechanics, conduction and convection in fluids, along with nanomaterials for nanofluids, property characterization, and outline applications of nanofluids in solar technology, machining and other special applications. Recent experiments on nanofluids have indicated significant increase in thermal conductivity compared with liquids without nanoparticles or larger particles, strong temperature dependence of thermal conductivity, and significant increase in critical heat flux in boiling heat transfer, all of which are covered in the book.
- Exclusive title focusing on niche engineering applications of nanofluids
- Contains high technical content especially in the areas of magnetic nanofluids and dilute oxide based nanofluids
- Feature examples from research applications such as solar technology and heat pipes
- Addresses heat transfer and thermodynamic features such as efficiency and work with mathematical rigor
- Focused in content with precise technical definitions and treatment
Section I Understanding Nanofluids 1. Nanofluids: Preparation Methods and Challenges in Stability 2. Thermophysical Properties Enhancement Using Hybrid Nanofluids and Their Synthesis and Applications 3. Hybrid Nanoparticles Enriched Cutting Fluids in Machining Processes Section II Theoretical Perspectives 4. Nanofluid-Based Single-Phase Natural Circulation Loops 5. Entropy Generation Analysis of Hybrid Nanofluids Flow in Ducts with Various Shapes 6. Viscosity of Nanofluid Systems: A Critical Evaluation of Modeling Approaches Section III Nanofluids in Thermal Applications 7. Application of Nanofluids in Heat Transfer Enhancement of Refrigeration Systems 8. Graphene-Based Hybrid Nanofluids and Its Application in Heat Exchangers 9. Lattice Boltzmann Modeling on Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids through Highly Conductive Metal Foams 10. CNT-Water Nanojet Impingement Cooling of a Sinusoidally Moving Isothermal Hot Wall Section IV Nanofluids in Solar Applications 11. An Insight of Ionanofluids Flow and Heat Transfer Behavior for Solar Energy Applications 12. Nanofluid-Based Direct Absorption Solar Collectors 13. Applications of Nanofluids in Solar Thermal Systems 14. Nanofluids for Solar Steam Generation 15. Supersteam Production Using Magnetic Nanofluids 16. Enhanced Thermophysical Properties of the Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating Solar Power by Using Metal-Based Nanofluids: An Experimental and Theoretical Overview 17. Potential Utilization of Nanofluids for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 18. Influence of the Base Fluid and Surfactant Arrangement on the Enhancement of Heat Transfer in Metal–Nanofluids Used in Concentrating Solar Power Plants: A Molecular Level Perspective 19. Applications of Nanofluids in Direct Absorption Solar Collectors Section V Nanofluids in Oil and Gas Industry and Carbon Sequestration 20. Application of Nanofluids in Enhanced Oil Recovery: A Systematic Literature Review and Organizing Framework 21. Application of Nanoparticle Suspension in Enhanced Oil Recovery 22. Nanofluids: Applications and Its Future for Oil and Gas Industry 23. CO2 Capture via Nanofluids
This is a specialized edited volume on nanofluids with applications in various contexts where there are benefits associated with modifying the inherent properties of fluids. Typically, particles smaller than 100 nanometers are added to base fluids (such as water, oils, ionic liquids, glycols, and water-glycol mixtures) to improve heat transfer. Particle aggregation is avoided by designing particles that repel each other or adding chemicals that prevent aggregation, as detailed throughout the book.
--L. E. Erickson, emeritus, Kansas State University