Nanofluids are solid-liquid composite material consisting of solid nanoparticles suspended in liquid with enhanced thermal properties. This book introduces basic fluid mechanics, conduction and convection in fluids, along with nanomaterials for nanofluids, property characterization, and outline applications of nanofluids in solar technology, machining and other special applications. Recent experiments on nanofluids have indicated significant increase in thermal conductivity compared with liquids without nanoparticles or larger particles, strong temperature dependence of thermal conductivity, and significant increase in critical heat flux in boiling heat transfer, all of which are covered in the book.
- Exclusive title focusing on niche engineering applications of nanofluids
- Contains high technical content especially in the areas of magnetic nanofluids and dilute oxide based nanofluids
- Feature examples from research applications such as solar technology and heat pipes
- Addresses heat transfer and thermodynamic features such as efficiency and work with mathematical rigor
- Focused in content with precise technical definitions and treatment
Table of Contents
Section I Understanding Nanofluids 1. Nanofluids: Preparation Methods and Challenges in Stability 2. Thermophysical Properties Enhancement Using Hybrid Nanofluids and Their Synthesis and Applications 3. Hybrid Nanoparticles Enriched Cutting Fluids in Machining Processes Section II Theoretical Perspectives 4. Nanofluid-Based Single-Phase Natural Circulation Loops 5. Entropy Generation Analysis of Hybrid Nanofluids Flow in Ducts with Various Shapes 6. Viscosity of Nanofluid Systems: A Critical Evaluation of Modeling Approaches Section III Nanofluids in Thermal Applications 7. Application of Nanofluids in Heat Transfer Enhancement of Refrigeration Systems 8. Graphene-Based Hybrid Nanofluids and Its Application in Heat Exchangers 9. Lattice Boltzmann Modeling on Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids through Highly Conductive Metal Foams 10. CNT-Water Nanojet Impingement Cooling of a Sinusoidally Moving Isothermal Hot Wall Section IV Nanofluids in Solar Applications 11. An Insight of Ionanofluids Flow and Heat Transfer Behavior for Solar Energy Applications 12. Nanofluid-Based Direct Absorption Solar Collectors 13. Applications of Nanofluids in Solar Thermal Systems 14. Nanofluids for Solar Steam Generation 15. Supersteam Production Using Magnetic Nanofluids 16. Enhanced Thermophysical Properties of the Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating Solar Power by Using Metal-Based Nanofluids: An Experimental and Theoretical Overview 17. Potential Utilization of Nanofluids for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 18. Influence of the Base Fluid and Surfactant Arrangement on the Enhancement of Heat Transfer in Metal–Nanofluids Used in Concentrating Solar Power Plants: A Molecular Level Perspective 19. Applications of Nanofluids in Direct Absorption Solar Collectors Section V Nanofluids in Oil and Gas Industry and Carbon Sequestration 20. Application of Nanofluids in Enhanced Oil Recovery: A Systematic Literature Review and Organizing Framework 21. Application of Nanoparticle Suspension in Enhanced Oil Recovery 22. Nanofluids: Applications and Its Future for Oil and Gas Industry 23. CO2 Capture via Nanofluids
Prof. KRV Subramanian is working as Associate Professor with Mechanical engineering department, GITAM University, Bangalore, India. His research interests are solar technology, nanotechnology, nanofabrication, energy storage devices, carbon nanotubes, nanofluids, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, sensors. He earned his PhD from Cambridge University in 2006 specialising in nanotechnology. His bachelors and masters degree in Materials engineering were from NIT Trichy and IISc Bangalore. He has over 20 years of academic and industrial work experience. He has published over 100 journal and conference papers. He has also edited 2 books. He regularly reviews for prestigious RSC, ACS and Elsevier journals. He is an affiliate member of RSC (Royal Society of Chemistry, UK) and Fellow of Cambridge Commonwealth Society, UK. He is a Marquis Who's Who of the World and IBC Top 100 professionals. He has been co-principal investigator for many government funded research projects.
Prof. T. Nageswara Rao works as HOD and Professor with Mechanical Engineering Department, GITAM University, Bangalore, India. He earned his PhD from Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai in 2001 specializing in thermal engineering. He has over 25 years of academic and industrial work experience. He has published over 30 journal and conference papers.
Dr. Avinash Balakrishnan is Manager at Suzlon Energy Limited in 2016 and heads the Materials Laboratory for Suzlon Blade Technology vertical. He has a PhD and MS in Materials Engineering from Paichai University, S. Korea and is an alumnus of National Institute of Technology, Karnataka, where he completed his bachelor’s in metallurgical engineering. He was a research scientist at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), South Korea where he extensively worked on ceramic materials for structural and high temperature applications, a post-doctoral fellow at Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble-INP), France, and headed the R&D division for English Indian Clay Limited, India from 2015 to 2016. He has co-authored over 85 research publications, 2 books, and filed 1 patent.
This is a specialized edited volume on nanofluids with applications in various contexts where there are benefits associated with modifying the inherent properties of fluids. Typically, particles smaller than 100 nanometers are added to base fluids (such as water, oils, ionic liquids, glycols, and water-glycol mixtures) to improve heat transfer. Particle aggregation is avoided by designing particles that repel each other or adding chemicals that prevent aggregation, as detailed throughout the book.
--L. E. Erickson, emeritus, Kansas State University