Nanofluids and Their Engineering Applications  book cover
1st Edition

Nanofluids and Their Engineering Applications

ISBN 9781138605268
Published June 24, 2019 by CRC Press
498 Pages - 277 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Nanofluids are solid-liquid composite material consisting of solid nanoparticles suspended in liquid with enhanced thermal properties. This book introduces basic fluid mechanics, conduction and convection in fluids, along with nanomaterials for nanofluids, property characterization, and outline applications of nanofluids in solar technology, machining and other special applications. Recent experiments on nanofluids have indicated significant increase in thermal conductivity compared with liquids without nanoparticles or larger particles, strong temperature dependence of thermal conductivity, and significant increase in critical heat flux in boiling heat transfer, all of which are covered in the book.

Key Features

  • Exclusive title focusing on niche engineering applications of nanofluids
  • Contains high technical content especially in the areas of magnetic nanofluids and dilute oxide based nanofluids
  • Feature examples from research applications such as solar technology and heat pipes
  • Addresses heat transfer and thermodynamic features such as efficiency and work with mathematical rigor
  • Focused in content with precise technical definitions and treatment

Table of Contents

Section I Understanding Nanofluids

1. Nanofluids: Preparation Methods and Challenges in Stability

[P. Padmaja and Harnish Soni]

2. Thermophysical Properties Enhancement Using Hybrid Nanofluids

and Their Synthesis and Applications

[B. Chitra, K. Sathishkumar, N. Fedal Castro, and S. Srinivas]

3. Hybrid Nanoparticles Enriched Cutting Fluids in Machining Processes

[Anuj Kumar Sharma, Arun Kumar Tiwari, Amit Rai Dixit, and Rabesh Kumar Singh]

Section II Theoretical Perspectives

4. Nanofluid-Based Single-Phase Natural Circulation Loops

[Nur Çobanoğlu, Ziya Haktan Karadeniz, and Alpaslan Turgut]

5. Entropy Generation Analysis of Hybrid Nanofluids Flow in Ducts with Various Shapes

[Gabriela Huminic and Angel Huminic]

6. Viscosity of Nanofluid Systems: A Critical Evaluation of Modeling Approaches

[Amir Varamesh and Abdolhossein Hemmati-Sarapardeh]

Section III Nanofluids in Thermal Applications

7. Application of Nanofluids in Heat Transfer Enhancement of Refrigeration Systems

[Khalil Khanafer and Kambiz Vafai]

8. Graphene-Based Hybrid Nanofluids and Its Application in Heat Exchangers

[Hooman Yarmand, Nurin Wahidah Binti Mohd Zulkifli, Mahidzal Dahari, and S.N. Kazi]

9. Lattice Boltzmann Modeling on Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids through

Highly Conductive Metal Foams

[H.J. Xu, Z.B. Xing, X. Fang, W. Zhang, and Z.Z. Zhou]

10. CNT-Water Nanojet Impingement Cooling of a Sinusoidally Moving Isothermal

Hot Wall

[Fatih Selimefendigil and Hakan F. Oztop]

Section IV Nanofluids in Solar Applications

11. An Insight of Ionanofluids Flow and Heat Transfer Behavior for Solar Energy


[Alina Adriana Minea and S.M. Sohel Murshed]

12. Nanofluid-Based Direct Absorption Solar Collectors

[Gary O’Keeffe, Sarah Mitchell, Tim Myers, and Vincent Cregan]

13. Applications of Nanofluids in Solar Thermal Systems

[Kalyani K. Chichghare, Divya P. Barai, and Bharat A. Bhanvase]

14. Nanofluids for Solar Steam Generation

[Yurong He, Xinzhi Wang, and Yanwei Hu]

15. Supersteam Production Using Magnetic Nanofluids

[K.R.V. Subramanian, Avinash Balakrishnan, Tubati Nageswara Rao, and A. Radhakrishna]

16. Enhanced Thermophysical Properties of the Heat Transfer Fluids for Concentrating

Solar Power by Using Metal-Based Nanofluids: An Experimental and Theoretical


[Antonio Sánchez-Coronilla, Javier Navas, Elisa I. Martín, Roberto Gómez-Villarejo,

Teresa Aguilar, Juan Jesús Gallardo, Miriam Teruel, Rodrigo Alcántara,

and Concha Fernández-Lorenzo]

17. Potential Utilization of Nanofluids for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)

[Amine Allouhi and Mahmut Sami Buker]

18. Influence of the Base Fluid and Surfactant Arrangement on the Enhancement of Heat

Transfer in Metal–Nanofluids Used in Concentrating Solar Power Plants: A Molecular

Level Perspective

[Elisa I. Martín, Antonio Sánchez-Coronilla, Javier Navas, Roberto Gómez-Villarejo,

Rodrigo Alcántara, and Concha Fernández-Lorenzo]

19. Applications of Nanofluids in Direct Absorption Solar Collectors

[M.E. Zayed, S.W. Sharshir, J. Shaibo, F.A. Hammad, Mohamed Kamal Ahmed Ali, Sajjad

Sargana, K.K. Salman, Elbager M.A. Edreis, Jun Zhao, Chun Du, and Ammar H. Elsheikh]

Section V Nanofluids in Oil and Gas Industry and Carbon


20. Application of Nanofluids in Enhanced Oil Recovery: A Systematic Literature Review

and Organizing Framework

[Majid Mohammadi, Mehdi Sedighi, and Abdolhossein Hemmati-Sarapardeh]

21. Application of Nanoparticle Suspension in Enhanced Oil Recovery

[Dengwei Jing Jing, L. Sun, and M. Hatami]

22. Nanofluids: Applications and Its Future for Oil and Gas Industry

[Ravi Shankar Kumar and Tushar Sharma]

23. CO2 Capture via Nanofluids

[Na Zhang, Jianchao Cai, Zhen Pan, Muftah H. El-Naas, Feng Chen, and Zhien Zhang]

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Prof. KRV Subramanian is working as Associate Professor with Mechanical engineering department, GITAM University, Bangalore, India. His research interests are solar technology, nanotechnology, nanofabrication, energy storage devices, carbon nanotubes, nanofluids, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, sensors. He earned his PhD from Cambridge University in 2006 specialising in nanotechnology. His bachelors and masters degree in Materials engineering were from NIT Trichy and IISc Bangalore. He has over 20 years of academic and industrial work experience. He has published over 100 journal and conference papers. He has also edited 2 books. He regularly reviews for prestigious RSC, ACS and Elsevier journals. He is an affiliate member of RSC (Royal Society of Chemistry, UK) and Fellow of Cambridge Commonwealth Society, UK. He is a Marquis Who's Who of the World and IBC Top 100 professionals. He has been co-principal investigator for many government funded research projects.

 Prof. T. Nageswara Rao works as HOD and Professor with Mechanical Engineering Department, GITAM University, Bangalore, India. He earned his PhD from Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai in 2001 specializing in thermal engineering. He has over 25 years of academic and industrial work experience. He has published over 30 journal and conference papers.

Dr. Avinash Balakrishnan is Manager at Suzlon Energy Limited in 2016 and heads the Materials Laboratory for Suzlon Blade Technology vertical. He has a PhD and MS in Materials Engineering from Paichai University, S. Korea and is an alumnus of National Institute of Technology, Karnataka, where he completed his bachelor’s in metallurgical engineering. He was a research scientist at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), South Korea where he extensively worked on ceramic materials for structural and high temperature applications, a post-doctoral fellow at Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble-INP), France, and headed the R&D division for English Indian Clay Limited, India from 2015 to 2016. He has co-authored over 85 research publications, 2 books, and filed 1 patent.


This is a specialized edited volume on nanofluids with applications in various contexts where there are benefits associated with modifying the inherent properties of fluids. Typically, particles smaller than 100 nanometers are added to base fluids (such as water, oils, ionic liquids, glycols, and water-glycol mixtures) to improve heat transfer. Particle aggregation is avoided by designing particles that repel each other or adding chemicals that prevent aggregation, as detailed throughout the book.

--L. E. Erickson, emeritus, Kansas State University