Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids

1st Edition

By Arjun Dey, Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

CRC Press

476 pages | 24 Color Illus. | 189 B/W Illus.

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Description

Understanding the Basics of Nanoindentation and Why It Is Important

Contact damage induced brittle fracture is a common problem in the field of brittle solids. In the case of both glass and ceramics—and as it relates to both natural and artificial bio-materials—it has triggered the need for improved fabrication technology and new product development in the industry.

The Nanoindentation Technique Is Especially Dedicated to Brittle Materials

Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids highlights the science and technology of nanoindentation related to brittle materials, and considers the applicability of the nanoindentation technique. This book provides a thorough understanding of basic contact induced deformation mechanisms, damage initiation, and growth mechanisms. Starting from the basics of contact mechanics and nanoindentation, it considers contact mechanics, addresses contact issues in brittle solids, and explores the concepts of hardness and elastic modulus of a material. It examines a variety of brittle solids and deciphers the physics of deformation and fracture at scale lengths compatible with the microstructural unit block.

  • Discusses nanoindentation data analysis methods and various nanoindentation techniques
  • Includes nanoindentation results from the authors’ recent research on natural biomaterials like tooth, bone, and fish scale materials
  • Considers the nanoindentation response if contact is made too quickly in glass
  • Explores energy issues related to the nanoindentation of glass
  • Describes the nanoindentation response of a coarse grain alumina
  • Examines nanoindentation on microplasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings

Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids provides a brief history of indentation, and explores the science and technology of nanoindentation related to brittle materials. It also offers an in-depth discussion of indentation size effect; the evolution of shear induced deformation during indentation and scratches, and includes a collection of related research works.

Reviews

"This book is written in a very colloquial style and subdivided into many small sections each with a different group of authors… The emphasis is very much on the use of pointed indenters to investigate the micro and nano-mechanical properties of brittle materials. The strength of the book is the wide range of brittle materials that the book covers. It also provides the basis upon which the science of nano or instrumented indentation mechanics is based. … a convenient reference book for students and researchers in the area of brittle materials."

––Michael Swain, Biomaterials, The University of Sydney, Australia

"The book covers a wide range of topics and as such can attract a wide variety of the audience. … for insight of practical issues that are encountered when dealing with nanoindentation and brittle materials. It can also serve as a valuable source of references in the field."

––Jiri Nemecek, Czech Technical University in Prague

"… a simple but powerful resource for students, researchers and faculty who want to work in areas of emerging materials needs in fields of space, defense, biomedical, etc."

—Dr. Satyam Priyadarshy, ReIgnite Strategy / Georgetown University

Table of Contents

Section 1 Contact Mechanics

Contact Issues in Brittle Solids

Payel Bandyopadhyay, Debkalpa Goswami, Nilormi Biswas, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Elasticity and Plasticity

Stresses

Conclusions

References

Mechanics of Elastic and Elastoplastic Contacts

Manjima Bhattacharya, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

The Different Models

Conclusions

References

Section 2 Journey Towards Nanoindentation

Brief History of Indentation

Nilormi Biswas, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

How Did It All Happen?

And Then There Was a

Modern Developments: Nineteenth-Century Scenario

Comparison of Techniques

Major Developments beyond 1910

Beyond the Vickers and Knoop Indenters

Conclusions

References

Hardness and Elastic Modulus

Nilormi Biswas, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Conceptual Issues

Beyond the Hertzian Era: Modern Contact Mechanics

The Experimental Issues

Elastic Modulus

Techniques to Determine Elastic Modulus

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation: Why at All and Where?

Arjun Dey, Payel Bandyopadhyay, Nilormi Biswas, Manjima Bhattacharya, Riya Chakraborty, I Neelakanta Reddy, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

In Situ Nanoindentation

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Data Analysis Methods

Manjima Bhattacharya, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Modeling of the Nanoindentation Process

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Techniques

Manjima Bhattacharya, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Conclusions

References

Instrumental Details

Payel Bandyopadhyay, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindenters: Tip Details and Tip Geometries

Conclusions

References

Materials and Measurement Issues

Arjun Dey, Riya Chakraborty, Payel Bandyopadhyay, Nilormi Biswas, Manjima Bhattacharya, Saikat Acharya, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Materials

Nanoindentation Studies

The Scratch Tests

Microstructural Characterizations

Conclusions

References

Section 3 Static Contact Behavior of Glass

What If the Contact is Too Quick in Glass?

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Effect of Loading Rate on Nanohardness

Damage Evolution Mechanism

Conclusions

References

Enhancement in Nanohardness of Glass: Possible?

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Energy Issues in Nanoindentation

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Energy Models

Energy Calculation

Conclusions

References

Section 4 Dynamic Contact Behavior of Glass

Dynamic Contact Damage in Glass

Payel Bandyopadhyay, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Damage Due to Dynamic Contact

Conclusions

References

Does the Speed of Dynamic Contact Matter?

Payel Bandyopadhyay, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Effect of Speed of Dynamic Contacts and Damage Evolution

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Inside the Scratch: What Happens?

Payel Bandyopadhyay, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Inside a Scratch Groove

The Model of Microcracked Solids

Conclusions

References

Section 5 Static Contact Behavior of Ceramics

Nanomechanical Properties of Ceramics

Riya Chakraborty, Manjima Bhattacharya, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Study

Indentation Size Effect (ISE) in Alumina

Conclusions

References

Does the Contact Rate Matter for Ceramics?

Manjima Bhattacharya, Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Effect of Loading Rate and "Multiple Micro Pop-in" and

"Multiple Micro Pop-out"

Conclusions

References

Nanoscale Contact in Ceramics

Manjima Bhattacharya, Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Evolutions of Pop-ins

Conclusions

References

Section 6 Static Behavior of Shock-Deformed Ceramics

Shock Deformation of Ceramics

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Study

Occurrence of Pop-ins

Defects in Shock-Recovered Alumina

Conclusions

References

Nanohardness of Alumina

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Indentation Size Effect of Shocked Alumina

Deformation of Shocked Alumina

Micro Pop-ins of Shocked Alumina

Conclusions

References

Interaction of Defects with Nanoindents in Shocked Ceramics

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Indentation Size Effect of Alumina Shocked at High Shock

Pressure

Deformation Due to Shock at High Pressure

Conclusions

References

Effect of Shock Pressure on ISE: A Comparative Study

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Comparison of ISE in Alumina Shocked at 6.5 and 12 GPa

Shear Stress and Micro Pop-ins

Comparison of Deformations in Alumina Shocked at 6.5 and 12 GPa

Conclusions

References

Section 7 Nanoindentation Behavior of Ceramic-Based Composites

Nano/Micromechanical Properties of C/C and C/C-SiC

Composites

Soumya Sarkar, Arjun Dey, Probal Kumar Das, Anil Kumar, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Behavior

Energy Calculation

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation on Multilayered Ceramic Matrix Composites

Sadanand Sarapure, Arnab Sinha, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation of Hydroxyapatite-Based Biocomposites

Shekhar Nath, Arjun Dey, Prafulla K Mallik, Bikramjit Basu, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

HAp-Calcium Titanate Composite

HAp-Mullite Composite

Conclusions

References

Section 8 Nanoindentation Behavior of Functional Ceramics

Nanoindentation of Silicon

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Response

Conclusions

References

Nanomechanical Behavior of ZTA

Sadanand Sarapure, Arnab Sinha, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Behavior of Actuator Ceramics

Sujit Kumar Bandyopadhyay, A K Himanshu, Pintu Sen, Tripurari Prasad Sinha, Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, Payel Bandyopadhyay, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Behavior

Polarization Behavior

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation of Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Material

Pintu Sen, Arjun Dey, Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Sujit Kumar Bandyopadhyay, and A K Himanshu

Introduction

Nanoindentation Response

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Behavior of Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

Rajendra Nath Basu, Tapobrata Dey, Prakash C Ghosh, Manaswita Bose, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Behavior of High-Temperature Glass–Ceramic Sealants for Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

Rajendra Nath Basu, Saswati Ghosh, A Das Sharma, P Kundu, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Preparation of the Sealant Glass–Ceramic

Nanomechanical Properties

Conclusions

References

Section 9 Static Contact Behavior of Ceramic Coatings

Nanoindentation on HAp Coating

Arjun Dey, Payel Bandyopadhyay, Nil Ratan Bandyopadhyay, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Influence of Load on Nanohardness and Young’s Modulus

Conclusions

References

Weibull Modulus of Ceramic Coating

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Data Reliability Issues in MIPS–HAp Coatings

Conclusions

References

Anisotropy in Nanohardness of Ceramic Coating

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanohardness Behavior: Anisotropy

Conclusions

References

Fracture Toughness of Ceramic Coating Measured by Nanoindentation

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Fracture Toughness Behavior

Conclusions

References

Effect of SBF Environment on Nanomechanical and Tribological Properties of Bioceramic Coating

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nano-/Micro-mechanical Behavior

Tribological Study

Conclusions

References

Nanomechanical Behavior of Ceramic Coatings Developed by Micro Arc Oxidation

Arjun Dey, R Uma Rani, Hari Krishna Thota, A Rajendra, Anand Kumar Sharma, Payel Bandyopadhyay, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Study and Reliability Issue

Conclusions

References

Section 10 Static Contact Behavior of Ceramic Thin Films

Nanoindentation Behavior of Soft Ceramic Thin Films: Mg(OH)2

Pradip Sekhar Das, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Study

Energy Calculation

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Study on Hard Ceramic Thin Films: TiN

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Study

DepthDependent Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation Study on Sputtered Alumina Films for Spacecraft Application

I Neelakanta Reddy, N Sridhara, V Sasidhara Rao, Anju M Pillai, Anand Kumar Sharma, V R Reddy, Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay, and Arjun Dey

Introduction

Optical Behavior

Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Nanomechanical Behavior of Metal-Doped DLC Thin Films

Arjun Dey, Rajib Paul, A K Pal, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation Study

Nanotribological Study

Adhesion Mechanisms

Conclusions

References

Section 11 Nanoindentation Behavior on Ceramic-Based Natural Hybrid Nanocomposites

Orientational Effect in Nanohardness of Tooth Enamel

Nilormi Biswas, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanomechanical Behavior and Energy Issues

Micro Pop-in Events

Conclusions

References

Slow or Fast Contact: Does it Matter for Enamel?

Nilormi Biswas, Arjun Dey, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Loading Rate Effect

Evolution of Micro Pop-in Events

Loading Rate versus Micro/Nanostructure

Conclusions

References

Anisotropy of Modulus in Cortical Bone

Arjun Dey, Himel Chakraborty, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Microstructure

Nanomechanical Behavior and Anisotropy

Conclusions

References

Nanoindentation of Fish Scale

Arjun Dey, Himel Chakraborty, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Microstructure

Nanomechanical Behavior

Conclusions

References

Section 12 Some Unresolved Issues in Nanoindentation

Indentation Size Effect (ISE) and Reverse Indentation Size Effect (RISE) in Nanoindentation

Arjun Dey, Devashish Kaushik, Nilormi Biswas, Saikat Acharya, Riya Chakraborty, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

ISE in HAp Coating

ISE and RISE in AlN-SiC Composites

ISE in Dentin

ISE in SLS Glass

Conclusions

References

Pop-in Issues in Nanoindentation

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, Manjima Bhattacharya, Nilormi Biswas, Jyoti Kumar Sharma, Devashish Kaushik, Payel Bandyopadhyay, Saikat Acharya, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

What is Known about Pop-ins?

Pop-ins in Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids

Conclusions

References

Effect of Loading Rate on Nanoindentation Response of Brittle Solids

Riya Chakraborty, Arjun Dey, Nilormi Biswas, Manjima Bhattacharya, Payel Bandyopadhyay, Jyoti Kumar Sharma, Devashish Kaushik, Saikat Acharya, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

LoadingRate Effects in Brittle Solids: SLS Glass and Alumina

Conclusions

References

Measurement of Residual Stress by Nanoindentation Technique

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Measurement of Residual Stress by Nanoindentation: Concept

Evaluation of Residual Stress by Nanoindentation of HAp

Coating

Conclusions

References

Reliability Issues in Nanoindentation Measurements

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

The Weibull Statistical Distribution

Weibull Analysis for HAp Coating

Weibull Analysis for C/C and C/SiC Composites

Conclusions

References

Substrate Effect in ThinFilm Measurements

Arjun Dey, I Neelakanta Reddy, N Sridhara, Anju M Pillai, Anand Kumar Sharma, Rajib Paul, A K Pal, and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Substrate Effect in Nanocomposite DLC Thin Films

Substrate Effect in Alumina Film

Conclusions

References

Future Scope of Novel Nanoindentation Technique

Arjun Dey and Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay

Introduction

Nanoindentation on Biological Materials and Nanostructures

In Situ Nanoindentation and Picoindentation

HighTemperature Nanoindentation

Properties other than Hardness and Modulus: a Direct

Measurement

References

Conclusions

Common Abbreviations

Index

About the Authors

Author

Arjun Dey

Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Learn more about Arjun Dey >>

Dr. Arjun Dey is a scientist at the Thermal System Group of ISRO Satellite Centre, Bangalore. Dr. Dey earned a bachelor’s in mechanical engineering in 2003, followed by a master’s in materials engineering from Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, Howrah in 2007. While working at CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CSIR-CGCRI), Kolkata, he earned his doctoral degree in materials science and engineering in 2011 from the Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, Howrah. The research work of Dr. Dey culminated in more than 120 publications to his credit.

Dr. Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay is a chief scientist and head of the Mechanical Property Evaluation Section in the Materials Characterization Division of CSIR-CGCRI, Kolkata, India. He also heads the Program Management Division and Business Development Group of CSIR-CGCRI. He obtained his bachelor’s degree with honours in physics from Kalyani University, Kalyani in 1978 followed by a master’s degree in physics from Jadavpur University, Kolkata in 1982. Dr. Mukhopadhyay has written nearly 200 publications including SCI journals, national and international conference proceedings. He has written seven patents and published three book chapters.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS