Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Properties, Characterization Techniques, and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites

Synthesis, Properties, Characterization Techniques, and Applications, 1st Edition

By Rajendra Kumar Goyal

CRC Press

332 pages | 99 Color Illus. | 69 B/W Illus.

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The main aims of this book are to summarize the fundamentals, synthesis methods, properties and applications of nanomaterials, so as to provide readers with a systematic knowledge on nanomaterials. In addition, the book covers most commonly used characterization tools pertaining to nanomaterials. Further, it deals with relevant aspects of nanocomposites which contains dispersion of nano-sized particulates, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the matrices (polymer, metal and ceramic). It also discusses development of smart nano textiles (intelligent textiles), self-cleaning glass, sensors, actuators, ferro-fluids, and wear resistant nano coatings. Aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students, the key features on this book include:

  • Top-down and bottom-up approaches for the synthesis of nanomaterials included
  • Illustrates sample preparation and basic principle of characterization tools for nanomaterials
  • Explains calculation of ratios of surface area to volume and surface atoms to bulk atoms
  • Reviews synthesis, properties and applications of carbon nanotubes and magnetic nanomaterials
  • Discusses size effect on thermal, mechanical, optical, magnetic and electrical properties


"Nanomaterials have been "hot" for two decades and will remain so while control over synthesis, assembly, and nanocharacterization improves, deepening the understanding of nanostructure and the properties it influences. Several books on nanomaterials are published each year; readers are advised to not confuse this volume with P. M. Visakh's similarly titled Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites: Zero- to Three-Dimensional Materials and Their Composites (2016). Though both Visakh and Goyal (College of Engineering, Pune, India) devote chapters to carbon materials, preparations, and applications, several differences in content and organization differentiate the two books. Many chapters in Visakh's book describe individual polymer families (such as zeolites, silsesquioxanes, and biopolymers): this suggests a stronger chemistry focus. Goyal's approach provides several chapters describing such topics as how size affects properties of nanomaterials, nanomaterial characterization, nanomaterial synthesis (top-down versus bottom-up approaches), and nanomaterial forms, including nanowires, nanofibers, and magnetic materials. After introducing nanomaterial basics and material designs in nature, Goyal builds on these principles to introduce other forms of nanomaterials. Some content is at quite an advanced level, but the book is a pleasure to read and has much to offer to a wide readership in materials science and engineering."

CHOICE, P. G. Heiden, Michigan Technological University, September 2018

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology


Nanotechnology in Past

Nanotechnology in 21st century

Classification of Nanomaterials

Size effect on grain boundaries


Chapter 2. Length scale and calculations

Size effect on surface area of cubical particles

Size effect on surface atoms of cubical particles

Size effect on surface atoms of spherical particles



Chapter 3. Effect of particles sizes on properties of nanomaterials

Thermal properties

Electrical Properties

Lattice constant

Phase transformation

Mechanical properties

Magnetic properties

Optical properties

Wear and oxidation resistance

Chemical sensitivity

Dielectric constant


Chapter 4. What have we learn from the ancient history and nature?

Nanotechnology of Nature

Nanotechnology in ancient history?

Nanotechnology in past



Chapter 5. Synthesis of nanomaterials

Top-down approaches

Bottom-up approaches


Chapter 6. Synthesis, properties and applications of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs)


Synthesis of CNTs

Structures and Properties of CNTs

Applications of CNTs



Chapter 7 Synthesis, Properties and Applications of nanowires

Vapour liquid solid (VLS) Method

Template Method

Properties of nanowires

Applications of nanowires


Chapter 8. Graphene


Synthesis of Graphene

Properties of Graphene

Applications of Graphene


Chapter 9. Magnetic Materials


Hysteresis M-H loop

Surface modification of magnetic nanoparticles

Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles




Chapter 10. Processing, properties and applications of polymer nanocomposites


Polymer/clay nanocomposites

Polymer/CNT nanocomposites

Polymer/Boron nitride nanocomposites

Polymer/Barium titanate nanocomposites


Chapter 11 Polymeric Nanofibers

Synthesis of polymeric nanofibers

Parameter affecting diameter of nanofibers

Properties of nanofibers



Chapter 12 Characterization of nanomaterials

X-ray diffraction

Optical spectroscopy

Surface Area Analysis (BET)

Light scattering method

Electron microscopes

Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM)

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)

Thermal Analyzer

Zeta (ζ) Potential


Chapter 13 Corrosion behaviour and oxidation resistance of nanomaterials


Corrosion resistance of nanocrystalline Metals

Corrosion resistance of Nanocomposites coating


Chapter 14 Applications of nanomaterials


Hydrogen storage

Solar energy

Antibacterial Coating

Giant magnetoresistance (GMR)

Single Electron Transistor

Construction Industry

Self-cleaning coatings

Nano- textiles

Biomedical field

Nanopore filters

Water treatment


Automotive sector





Chapter 15 Risks, toxicity and challenges of nanomaterials

Introduction to nanoparticle toxicity

Risks from metallic nanoparticle

Risks from oxide nanoparticle



About the Author

Rajendra Kumar Goyal is professor of metallurgy and materials science at College of Engineering, Pune (CoEP), Pune, India. He also holds position of treasure in the student co-operative society of CoEP and professional society "The Indian Institute of Metals (IIM) Pune Chapter". He received Ph.D. in Materials Science from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India in 2007. He has been awarded best Ph.D. thesis prize in Materials Science for the year 2007 by the Materials Research Society of India (MRSI). He obtained B.E. in Metallurgical Engineering from Malviya Regional Engineering College (now, National Institute of Technology) Jaipur, University of Rajasthan, India in 1996. He received "Alumni Distinguished Faculty Fellow (ADFF) Award" for the duration 2010-2012 and 2015-2017 from Alumni Association of College of Engineering, Pune. He has life membership of professional society "The Indian Institute of Metals (IIM)", "Powder Metallurgy Association of India (PMAI)" and "Society of Polymer Science". His research group works on polymer composites/nanocomposites, nanomaterials, characterization of materials, electronic materials, structure-properties relationship etc. He has coauthored 1 book and authored more than 130 research papers in peer reviewed journals and conferences. He organized several faculty development programs (FDP) in the area of nanomaterial and characterization. He delivered dozen of expert lectures in various conferences/FDP. He has advised more than 26 M. Tech. and one Ph. D. students at College of Engineering Pune, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India. His students received several awards for the work related to polymeric nanocomposites. He has served for more than 12 years in research laboratory and industries. He is a member of editorial board and reviewer of many international journals. He has successfully completed several research projects funded by national funding agencies like ISRO, UGC, AICTE, India.

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