Nanoporous Materials : Advanced Techniques for Characterization, Modeling, and Processing book cover
1st Edition

Nanoporous Materials
Advanced Techniques for Characterization, Modeling, and Processing

Edited By

Nick Kanellopoulos

ISBN 9781439811047
Published February 22, 2011 by CRC Press
578 Pages 277 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Having successfully replaced elements used in traditional, pollution-prone, energy-consuming separation processes, nanoporous materials play an important role in chemical processing. Although their unique structural or surface physicochemical properties can, to an extent, be tailored to meet specific process-related requirements, the task of characterizing them completely is still a difficult and frequently controversial problem.

Nanoporous Materials: Advanced Techniques for Characterization, Modeling, and Processing outlines existing and expected innovations in the combination of characterization and modeling techniques used to distinguish, monitor, and control the evolution of properties in nanoporous sorbents, catalysts, and membranes during their synthesis and utilization in several important energy processes.

Providing broad coverage of the subject to make it useful for academic and industrial researchers from different disciplines and backgrounds, this book:

  • Presents the basic principles and major applications of key characterization techniques—from diffraction and spectroscopy to calorimetry and permeability
  • Explores computer simulation techniques, an indispensable complement to the combination of the aforementioned analytical techniques
  • Covers the fundamentals and the recent advances in sorption, membrane, and catalyst processes
  • Describes two characteristic case studies on emerging areas of application of porous solids in the fields of gas-to-liquid conversion and hydrogen storage

This reference takes a detailed approach to the subject, starting with basics, so that beginners or non-expert readers can learn and apply presented fundamentals and examples to their work. Organized into well-focused sections written by internationally known experts, this book includes case studies, end-of-chapter problems, and illustrative video presentations of basic principles.

Table of Contents

Part I: Basic Principles, Recent Advances, and Expected Developments of Advanced Characterization Techniques

Scattering Techniques. Studying Diffusion and Mass Transfer at the Microscale. Nanoscale Microscopies. Calorimetric Techniques. The Combination of In Situ and Ex Situ Techniques for Monitoring and Controlling the Evolution of Nanostructure of Nanoporous Materials.

Part II: Fundamentals, Recent Advances, and Expected Developments of Simulation Methods

Mesoscopic Methods. Characterization of Macroscopically Nonhomogeneous Porous Media through Transient Gas Sorption or Permeation Measurements.

Part III: Fundamentals, Recent Advances and Expected in Sorption, Membrane, Catalytic and Novel Processes Involving Nanoporous Materials

Synthesis Processes of Nanoporous Solids. Sorption Processes. Fundamental Approach to Supercritical Hydrogen Adsorptivity of Nanoporous Carbons. Membrane Processes. Diffusional Transport in Functional Materials: Zeolite, MOF, and Perovskite Gas Separation Membranes, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Zeolites and Mesoporous Aluminosilicates as Solid Acid Catalysts: Fundamentals and Future Challenges.

Part IV: Case Studies of Applications of Advanced Techniques in Involving Nanoporous Materials

Recent Developments in Gas-to-Liquid Conversion and Opportunities for Advanced Nanoporous Materials. Advanced Materials for Hydrogen Storage.

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Nikos Kanellopoulos is with the National Centre for Scientific Research in Greece.