Nanoporous Materials for Energy and the Environment: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Nanoporous Materials for Energy and the Environment

1st Edition

Edited by Gilbert Rios, Gabriele Centi, Nick Kanellopoulos

Jenny Stanford Publishing

322 pages | 37 Color Illus. | 88 B/W Illus.

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Description

This book disseminates and discusses relevant best case examples and research practices that show how nanomaterial research and related engineering concepts may provide answers and viable solutions to a variety of socioeconomic issues and concerns. The first section is dedicated to the development of new materials and their characterization. The second section addresses modeling and scale transition (from and to nanoscale) processes, and the third section presents applications in the environmental and energy sectors.

Nanoporous Materials for Energy and the Environment covers a wide selection of subjects ranging from modeling and material design to the preparation and use of nanoporous catalysts, adsorbents, and membranes. The topics discussed include proton exchange membranes; carbon nanotube (CNT)-based electrodes for fuel cells; advanced design of lithium batteries and supercapacitors using CNTs; multifunctional catalyst for biomass conversion; advanced characterization and modeling of nanomaterials and membranes (including gas transport and multiscale modeling); use of membranes in energy applications, gas treatment, and separations; and development of multifunctional photoactive membranes and of nanoordered 2D photoactive titania films and membranes.

Reviews

"This book addresses an important factor for the future of both energy production and environmental protection. To address these competing issues, new materials will be needed with the appropriate properties. Given the large spectrum of applications (separations, catalysis, etc.), there will not be one solution but a range of options. Thus, a book dedicated to both these material needs as well as the various applications is very timely."

—Prof. Richard D. Noble - University of Colorado, USA

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Self-Organized Hybrid Membranes: Toward a Supramolecular Proton Conduction Function

Self-Organized Hybrid Membranes

Supramolecular Proton-Conduction Function

A Selected Application: PEMs

Conclusions

Design and Applications of Multifunctional Catalysts Based on Inorganic Oxides

Heterogeneous Multifunctional Catalyst: One System for Several Transformations

Design and Preparation of Multifunctional Catalysts

Multifunctional Catalysts in Chemical Synthesis

Relevant Examples

Concluding Remarks

Use of Chemometric Analysis in the Characterization of the Adsorption Properties of Nanoporous Solids

Overview

Introduction

Experimental

Results and Discussion

Molecular Modeling and Polymer Behavior

Introduction

Force Fields

Realization of Amorphous Packing Models

Characterization of Polymer Structure and Behavior from Atomistic Simulations

Summary

Modeling of Gas Transport Properties and its use for Structural Characterization of Mesoporous Solids

Introduction

Dilute Nonadsorbed Gas Flow (Knudsen Regime)

Dilute Adsorbable Gas Flow (Henry Law Adsorption Region)

Vapor Transport in the Multilayer Adsorption Region

Membrane Modeling and Simulation Across Scales

Introduction to Multiscale Modeling

Mechanisms of Transport in Membranes

Atomistic Reconstruction of Inorganic Membrane Materials

Simulation of Sorption

Simulation of Diffusion: Molecular Dynamics

Coarse Graining: "Reduced Representations"

Mesoscopic Scale Modeling of Membrane Structure

Simulation of Diffusion at the Mesoscopic Scale

Lattice-Boltzmann Method

Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Method

Concluding Remarks

Hybrid Modeling of Membrane Processes

Overview

Introduction

Why Hybrid Modeling

Hybrid Modeling Applied to Membrane Science and Engineering

Selected Case Studies

Future Trends and Challenges

Membranes for Energy

Clean Refineries

Zero Emission Coal Plants

Fuel Cells

Electrolysis and Water Splitting

Batteries

Osmotic Power

Carbon Nanotubes for Energy Applications

CNTs for LIB Application

CNTs for Supercapacitor Application

CNTs in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

Conclusions and Outlooks

Ceramic Membranes for Gas Treatment and Separation

Materials and Architectures

Applications

Applications Involving Multifunctional Materials or Devices

Conclusion

Multifunctionnal Membranes Based on Photocatalytic Nanomaterials

Basic Principles on Photocatalysis and Membranes

TiO2 Anatase-Based Membranes

ZnO-Based Membranes

Membrane Shaping and Integration

Conclusion

Nanostructured Titania Thin Films for Solar Use in Energy Applications

Requirements of Titania Photoanode for PEC Solar Cells

Preparation and Photoresponse of Titania Nanotube Ordered Arrays

Titania Nanomembrane

Titania Nanostructured Films for DSC Applications

Conclusions and Outlooks

Inorganic Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications

Pd Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production

Oxygen Selective Membrane Reactors 28713.3 Other Developments

Recent Developments at the University of Zaragoza

Conclusions

Index

About the Editors

Professor Gabriele Centi, Department of Industrial Chemistry and Engineering of Materials, University of Messina, Italy

Dr. Nick Kanellopoulos, Materials & Membranes for Environmental Applications Laboratory, National Center for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens, Greece

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science