Nanoscience and Nanoengineering
Advances and Applications
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Reflecting the breadth of the field from research to manufacturing, Nanoscience and Nanoengineering: Advances and Applications delivers an in-depth survey of emerging, high-impact nanotechnologies. Written by a multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers and edited by prestigious faculty of the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, this book focuses on important breakthroughs in nanoelectronics, nanobiology, nanomedicine, nanomodeling, nanolithography, nanofabrication, and nanosafety. This authoritative text:
- Addresses concerns regarding the use of nanomaterials
- Discusses the advantages of nanocomposites versus conventional materials
- Explores self-assembly and its potential for nanomanufacturing applications
- Covers compound semiconductors and their applications in communications
- Considers display technology and infrared optics in relation to nanoelectronics
- Explains how computational nanotechnology is critical to the design of process materials and nanobiotechnologies
- Describes the design and fabrication of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and their applications in nanomedicine
By seamlessly integrating interdisciplinary foundational science with state-of-the-art engineering tools, Nanoscience and Nanoengineering: Advances and Applications offers a holistic approach to understanding the mechanisms underpinning the nanotechnology-based products we enjoy today, as well as those that will change our society in the near future.
Table of Contents
The Mechanical and Biological Paradigms
Ethan Will Taylor, Daniel Herr, and James G. Ryan
Part I: Nanoelectronics
Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS): Processes and Devices
Jun Yan and Shyam Aravamudhan
A Study of Ga Assisted Growth of GaAs/GaAsSb Axial Nanowires by Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Shanthi Iyer, L. Reynolds, T. Rawdanowicz, Sai Krishna Ojha, Pavan Kumar Kasanaboina, and Adam Bowen
Applications of Micro/Nanotechnology in Design and Control of Neural Interfaces
Joseph M. Starobin, Syed Gilani, and Shyam Aravamudhan
Part II: Nanobiology
Characterization of Biological and Condensed Matter at the Nanoscale
Adam R. Hall, Osama K. Zahid, Furat Sawafta, and Autumn T. Carlsen
Biological Nanostructures: Formation, Function, and Potential Applications
Dennis Lajeunesse, Adam Boseman, Kyle Nowlin, and Alan Covel
Part III: Nanomedicine
Current Nanodelivery Systems for Imaging and Therapeutics
Effat Zeidan, Stephen Vance, and Marinella G. Sandros
Nanodevices and Systems for Clinical Diagnostics
Smith Woosley, Jun Yan, and Shyam Aravamudhan
Fullerenes and Their Potential in Nanomedicine
Christopher Kepley and Anthony Delinger
Part IV: Nanomodeling
Modeling at Nanoscale: Material Chemistry Level Modeling in Processing and Mechanics of Engineered Materials
Ram Mohan and Ajit D. Kelkar
Computational Modeling of Bio-Nano Interfaces
Goundla Srinivas, Ram Mohan, and Ajit D. Kelkar
Part V: Nanolithography and Nanofabrication
Multiscale Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite Developed from Epoxy Resin Containing Electrospun Glass Nanofibers
Lifeng Zhang and Hao Fong
Templated Self-Assembly for Nanolithography and Nanofabrication: Overview and Selected Examples
Part VI: Nanosafety
Understanding Toxicity of Engineered Nanomaterials
Komal Garde, Karshak Kosaraju, Soodeh B Ravari, and Shyam Aravamudhan
The Safety of Nanomaterials: What We Know and What We Need to Know
Joseph L. Graves, Jr.
Dr. Ajit D. Kelkar is professor and chair of the Nanoengineering Department at the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering. He also serves as associate director for the Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures at North Carolina A&T State University and is a member of NIA, ASME, SAMPE, AIAA, ASM, and ASEE. Currently he is involved in the development of nanoengineered multifunctional materials using carbon nanotubes (CNTs), boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs), electrospun nanofiber materials, and alumina nanoparticles. He also is working on atomistic modeling of polymers embedded with CNTs, BNNTs, and alumina nanoparticles; is involved in high-velocity impact modeling of ceramic matrix composites and polymeric matrix composites embedded with electrospun nanofibers; has published over 200 papers in these areas; and has edited a book on nanoengineered materials.
Dr. Daniel Herr is professor and chair of the Nanoscience Department at the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering. Previously he served as director of nanomanufacturing sciences for Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC). His research is focused on designed nanoengineered materials, advanced patterning and directed self-assembly, nanomanufacturing, formulation, process qualification and optimization, sustainable technologies, and advanced device design. Recently he was elected SPIE fellow and the AAAS Industrial Science and Technology section’s member-at-large. He is the inventor of several foundational patents and disclosures on defect tolerant patterning, controlled nanotube synthesis and placement, deterministic semiconductor doping, and ultimate CMOS devices. He serves as senior editor for IEEE Transactions in Nanotechnology and coordinating editor for the Journal of Nanoparticle Research. In 2005, he received the National Medal of Technology from SRC.
Dr. James G. Ryan is the founding dean of the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering. He previously served as associate vice president of technology and professor of nanoscience for the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) at the University at Albany, where he managed the cleanrooms and numerous consortia involving IBM, TEL, AMAT, and ASML. Prior to CNSE, he worked for IBM as distinguished engineer and director of advanced materials and process technology development; manager of interconnect technology groups in research, development, and manufacturing engineering areas; and site executive at Albany Nanotech. An author of over 100 publications, he is the recipient of numerous awards and holds 52 U.S. patents. His research interests include thin film deposition, interconnect technology, semiconductor manufacturing technology, and radiation hardened nanoelectronics.
"This book is a wonderful balance between nanoscience and nanoengineering. It is very useful, especially for researchers and graduate students, to understand cross-cutting potential in developing nanotechnology applications. … This is a timely…book on this subject. It is written by a multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers. … There are very few academic programs exclusively dedicated to nanoscience and nanoengineering. Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering is one such dedicated program. Most of the authors have an affiliation with this school. This brings reliability and authenticity to the book."
—Dr. Jitendra S. Tate, Ingram School of Engineering, Texas State University, San Marcos, USA
"... presents the state-of-art technological and scientific advances in the field of nanotechnology covering a range of topics—nanoelectronics, nanobio, nanomedicine, modeling at nanolevel, engineering nanomaterials, and nanotoxicology—that are representative areas in which significant advances in nanotechnology have been made in recent years. It will be useful for students and researchers to learn about a variety of fields of research in nanotechnology."
—Mahesh Hosur, Tuskegee University, Alabama, USA
"... a comprehensive encyclopedic monograph of the achievements of the research in nanotechnology oriented towards the application in medicine and biomedical engineering. ... The monograph was written by a collective of competent specialists and would be very useful for readers with wide-ranging scientific interests as well as for the organizers of clinics and enterprises producing medical equipment and drugs."
—Nguyen Van Hieu, Editor-in-Chief, Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vietnam
"Using authors that span materials and biological science, this book succeeds in covering the full spectrum of nanomaterial topics in 15 chapters. To achieve this, a major emphasis is placed on bio-nanoscience, nanomanufacturing, and the associated nano-safety concerns. ... Experienced researchers in the nanoscience and nanoengineering field will find this book a useful survey of some of the sub-fields."
—James R. McBride, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, from the Journal of Cluster Science (2015) 26:1023–1025