1st Edition

Nanotechnology
Basic Science and Emerging Technologies



ISBN 9781584883395
Published June 27, 2002 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
290 Pages

USD $99.95

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Book Description

The emergence of nanoscience portends a revolution in technology that will soon impact virtually every facet of our technological lives. Yet there is little understanding of what it is among the educated public and often among scientists and engineers in other disciplines. Furthermore, despite the emergence of undergraduate courses on the subject, no basic textbooks exist.

Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies bridges the gap between detailed technical publications that are beyond the grasp of nonspecialists and popular science books, which may be more science fiction than fact. It provides a fascinating, scientifically sound treatment, accessible to engineers and scientists outside the field and even to students at the undergraduate level. After a basic introduction to the field, the authors explore topics that include molecular nanotechnology, nanomaterials and nanopowders, nanoelectronics, optics and photonics, and nanobiometrics. The book concludes with a look at some cutting-edge applications and prophecies for the future.

Nanoscience will bring to the world technologies that today we can only imagine and others of which we have not yet dreamt. This book lays the groundwork for that future by introducing the subject to those outside the field, sparking the imaginations of tomorrow's scientists, and challenging them all to participate in the advances that will bring nanotechnology's potential to fruition.

Table of Contents

BACKGROUND TO NANOTECHNOLOGY
Scientific Revolutions
Types of Nanotechnology and Nanomachines
The Periodic Table
Atomic Structure
Molecules and Phases
Energy
Molecular and Atomic Size
Surfaces and Dimensional Space
Top Down and Bottom Up
MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY
Atoms by Inference
Electron Microscopes
Scanning Electron Microscope
Modern Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Probe Microscopy - Atomic Force Microscope
Scanning Tunnelling Microscope
Nanomanipulator
Nanotweezers
Atom Manipulation
Nanodots
Self Assembly
Dip Pen Nanolithography
NANOPOWDERS AND NANOMATERIALS
What Are Nanomaterials?
Preparation
Plasma Arcing
Chemical Vapour Deposition
Sol-Gels
THE CARBON AGE
New Forms of Carbon
Types of Nanotubes
Formation of Nanotubes
Assemblies
Purification of Carbon Nanotubes
The Properties of Nanotubes
Uses of Nanotubes
MOLECULAR MIMICS
Catenanes and Rotaxanes
Molecular Switches
The Electron Driven Molecular Shuttle Switch
The pH Driven Molecular Shuttle Switch
The Light Driven Molecular Shuttle Switch
Synthesis of Rotaxanes and Catenanes
Rotaxanes and Molecular Computers
Chemical Rotors
Prodders
Flippers
Atom Shuttles
Actuators
Contacts
NANOBIOMIMETICS
Introduction
Lipids as Nano-Bricks and Mortar
Same but Different: Self-Assembled Nanolayers
The Bits that Do Things - Proteins
Structure is Information - DNA
A Biological Nanotechnological Future
OPTICS, PHOTONICS AND SOLAR ENERGY
Properties of Light and Nanotechnology
Interaction of Light and Nanotechnology
Nanoholes and Photons
Imaging
New low Cost Energy Efficient Windows and Solar Absorbers Based On Nanoparticles
Photonic Crystals, Surface Wave Guides and Control of Light Paths
NANOELECTRONICS
Introduction
What Will Nanoelectronics Do for Us?
The Birth of Electronics
The Tools of Micro- and Nanofabrication
From Classical to Quantum Physics
Quantum Electronic Devices
Quantum Information and Quantum Computers
Experimental Implementations of Quantum Computers
FUTURE APPLICATIONS
Micro-Electromechanical Machines
Robots - How Small Can They Go?
Ageless Materials
Invisible Mending of Atomic Dislocations Inside Damaged Materials
Nanomechanics and Nanoelasticity
Nanoparticle Coatings - Special New Effects
Nanoelectronic and Magnetic Devices and New Computing Systems
Optoelectronic Devices
Environmental Applications
INTO THE REALMS OF IMAGINATION
Introduction
Communication
Manufacturing
Nanomedicine
Society and Ethics
Religion and Making Everything from Everything Else
Thanks for All the Fish
REFERENCES
INDEX

Each chapter also contains References and Exercises

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