"We need to seamlessly integrate IPR in the standard graduate/post graduate courses in science, technology, commerce, creative arts, etc., without over burdening the students with law"
—Dr Prabuddha Ganguli, CEO, VISION-IPR
Nanotechnology Intellectual Property Rights: Research, Design, and Commercialization offers an overview of the dynamics of development and commercialization in nanotech, where strategic integration of IP, R&D, and commercialization has become imperative. It demystifies issues of intellectual property rights (IPR) associated with research, design, technology transfer, and commercialization of innovations in technology-led areas such as nanotech.
Gives all stakeholders vital information to instill confidence by helping them better understand their individual roles in the IPR process
Designed for a diverse readership that may not have background knowledge of the legal nuances of IPR, this book clearly articulates techno-legal aspects of nano-related innovations to aid their effective integration into businesses. This resource stands apart by using numerous case studies and pictorial illustrations, addressing aspects ranging from ideation to commercialization of IP-enabled nanotechnology. It illustrates the evolving patent landscape in nanotechnology, explores the international patent classification system, and details patenting procedures in a range of jurisdictions, including search for nanotechnology prior art and creation of search strategies.
The authors discuss patent-led nanotechnology businesses, presenting a wide range of case studies that address construction of valuable patent portfolios, growth of start-ups, and consolidation of IP-led nanobusinesses through mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, strategic investments, etc. They also cover patent litigations in nanotechnologies and the significance of strategically crafting agreements related to IP transactions. In addition, they address compliance with contractual obligations, the importance of well-drafted patent specifications, and sensitive aspects of conducting techno-legal due diligence prior to the development and marketing of products. Also covered are vulnerabilities in challenging/defending the validity of patents and negotiating settlements.
Integrating use of the IPRinternalise® model for capacity building in human and infrastructural resources, the authors assess the future of IP landscaping in nanotechnology. Here, they focus on patentability, public perception of risks to health and ecosystems, institutionalized management of intellectual property rights, and the steps that will be necessary to meet these and other such challenges on the way to realizing profits in nanotech.
"… this invaluable and creative endeavor … will fill the present void of an authoritative reference source in nanotechnology-related IPR. I am sure it will be used extensively as well by students, research workers, entrepreneurs, business management specialists, lawyers, and policy makers involved in the field of nanotechnology."
—R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Adviser, Government of India
"Rapid advancements and innovation in the spectrum of fields actively engaged in nanotechnology research and development (including "material science, metallurgy, chemistry, physics of condensed matter, polymer science, electrical engineering, electronics, instrumentation, and biology", p. 4) make navigation of international IPR complex. The authors undeniably bring to the table the requisite scientific and technical knowledge of the complete research and development chain with practical experience and expertise as Ph.D. patent agents in India, a wealth of previous scholarship, professional involvement and accolades, government appointments, and expansive hands-on experience on the business side of nanotechnology commercialization. The organization of the book is quite dynamic and drafted for ease of reading; each of the six chapters functionally stands alone, yet builds and integrates on broad thematic concepts. Each chapter is structured with descriptive subheadings, allowing the reader to flip through and identify particular areas of interest. Supporting tables, charts, and other vivid graphics are speckled throughout. The book is ideal for a wide audience interested in nanotechnology patent trends and implications."
—Jordan Paradise J.D., Associate Professor of Law, Seton Hall University School of Law, in World Patent Information
How Big Is Small?
Evolving Patents Landscape in Nanotechnology
Trends in the United States
Patents: A Background
Patentable Subject Matter
Inventive Step (Nonobviousness)
Capable (Susceptible) of Industrial Application (Utility)
Anatomy of a Patent
Patenting Systems: An Overview
The PCT Process
Looking for Nanotechnology Prior Art
International Patent Classification System
Searching Other Sources for Nanotechnology Information
Creating Search Strategies
Patent-Led Nanotechnology Business: Perspectives
Integration of a Fragmented Patent Landscape
Case Study 1: NanoInk, Inc.
Case Study 2: Nanosphere, Inc.
Case Study 3: NVE Corporation
Case Study 4: Vista Therapeutics, Inc.
Case Study 5: Applied Nanotech Holdings, Inc.
Case Study 6: mPhase Technologies, Inc.
Case Study 7: Bilcare Research, Pune, India
Case Study 8: HyCa Technologies Pvt Ltd., Mumbai, India
Case Study 9: Consolidation Through Sequential Merger of Carbon Nanotechnologies, Inc. (CNI), Nanopolaris, Unidym, and Nanoconduction, and Acquisition of Unidym by Wisepower Co. Ltd.
Case Study 10: Innovalight and DuPont Merger
Invitrogen (Presently Life Technologies Corporation)
Strategic Investing and the Role of Venture Capital
Patent Litigations in Nanotechnologies
Nanosys, Inc. v. Nanoco Technologies and Sigma-Aldrich Corporation
DuPont Air Products NanoMaterials LLC v. Cabot Microelectronics Corporation
Nano Proprietary, Inc. (NPI) v. Cannon
Elan Pharmaceuticals International Ltd. v. Abraxis BioScience, Inc.
Oxonica Energy Ltd. v. Neuftec Ltd.
DSM v. 3D Systems
Veeco Instruments v. Asylum Research
Modumetal, Inc. v. Integran, Inc.
MTS Systems Corp. v. Hysitron, Inc.
EV Group v. 3M
Tekmira v. Alnylam
Other Nano Patents Litigation Snippets
Interfacing with the Nanofuture
Uncertainties Looming over IP Portfolios
Case Study: Oxonica Ltd. (formerly Oxonica plc)
United They Stand, Divided They Fall
Lessons from the Case Studies
Nanotechnology Patentability Issues: Gray Areas
Institutional IPR Policy and Management
Nanotechnology: Sunrise of the Day After