National History and New Nationalism in the Twenty-First Century : A Global Comparison book cover
1st Edition

National History and New Nationalism in the Twenty-First Century
A Global Comparison

ISBN 9780367520403
Published June 18, 2021 by Routledge
394 Pages

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Book Description

National history has once again become a battlefield. In internal political conflicts, which are fought on the terrain of popular culture, museums, schoolbooks, and memorial politics, it has taken on a newly important and contested role. Irrespective of national specifics, the narratives of new nationalism are quite similar everywhere. National history is said to stretch back many centuries, expressesing the historical continuity of a homogeneous people and its timeless character. This people struggles for independence, guided by towering leaders and inspired by the sacrifice of martyrs. Unlike earlier forms of nationalism, the main enemies are no longer neighbouring states, but international and supranational institutions. To use national history as an integrative tool, new nationalists claim that the media and school history curricula should not contest or question the nation and its great historical deeds, as doubts threaten to weaken and dishonour the nation. This book offers a broad international overview of the rhetoric, contents, and contexts of the rise of these renewed national historical narratives, and of how professional historians have reacted to these phenomena. The contributions focus on a wide range of representative nations from around all over the globe.

Table of Contents

National History and New Nationalism in the Twenty-First Century: Introductory Remarks

Thomas Maissen

1. National Historical Master Narratives and War Museums in Contemporary Europe: A Comparative Analysis

Stefan Berger

2. Populism and Nationalism in Recent British Historiography

Michael Bentley

3. German National History in the Age of "Aufarbeitung"

Martin Sabrow

4. The Remarkable Persistence of the Ghost of a Nation: Contesting the Nation in Public and Historical Discourse in the Netherlands in the Twenty-First Century

Chris Lorenz

5. Production and Politics of the National Narrative in France

Sébastien Ledoux

6. The Resilience of National Histories: "Two Spains" versus the Periphery?

Xosé M. Núñez Seixas

7. Reflections on Swiss Historiography in Times of New Nationalism

Georg Kreis

8. Nation and the "Retrotopic" Politics of History in Poland

Miloš Řezník

9. "Politics of History" and Authoritarian Regime-Building in Hungary After 1990

Balázs Trencsényi

10. The Past that Never Left?: Nationalism, Historiography, and the Yugoslav Wars

Florian Bieber

11. The Ottomans and "My People": The Populist-Nationalist Discourse in Turkey Under the AKP Government

Tanıl Bora

12. Independence, Revolution, War, and the Renaissance of National History in Ukraine

Tanja Penter

13. Between "Europe" and Russian "Sonderweg", Between "Empire" and "Nation": Historiography, Politics of History, and Discussion within Society in Russia

Ekaterina Makhotina

14. Res Publica Historicissima: The Politics of History in Israel

Johannes Becke

15. National Pride versus Critical History: American Memory Wars

Konrad H. Jarausch

16. Memory, History, and the Politics of the Hindu Right

Neeladri Bhattacharya

17. Chinese National History: The Manchu-Qing in New Clothes

Hans van Ess

18. New Nationalism in Japan in the Twenty-first Century

Takashi Yoshida


Ronald Grigor Suny

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Niels F. May is Research Coordinator at the German Historical Institute in Paris.

Thomas Maissen is the Director of the German Historical Institute in Paris.