National History and New Nationalism in the Twenty-First Century
A Global Comparison
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National history has once again become a battlefield. In internal political conflicts, which are fought in the fields of popular culture, museums, schoolbooks, and memorial politics, it has obtained an important and contested role. Irrespective of national specifics, the narratives of new nationalism are similar everywhere: National history is said to stretch back for many centuries and expresses historical continuity namely in the timeless character of a homogenous people. It struggles for independence and is headed by towering leaders and inspired by the sacrifice of martyrs. Unlike earlier forms of nationalism, the main enemies are no longer neighboring states, but international and supranational institutions. To profit from national history as an integrative tool, new nationalists claim that the media and the history curricula in schools should not contest or question the nation and its great historical deeds, since doubts are believed to weaken and dishonour the nation. This book gives a broad international overview of the rhetoric, contents and contexts of the rise of renewed national historical narratives and the way professional historians react to these phenomena. The contributions focus on a wide range of representative nations from all over the globe.
Table of Contents
National History and New Nationalism in the Twenty-First Century: Introductory Remarks
1. National Historical Master Narratives and War Museums in Contemporary Europe: A Comparative Analysis
2. Populism and Nationalism in Recent British Historiography
3. German National History in the Age of "Aufarbeitung"
4. The Remarkable Persistence of the Ghost of a Nation: Contesting the Nation in Public and Historical Discourse in the Netherlands in the Twenty-First Century
5. Production and Politics of the National Narrative in France
6. The Resilience of National Histories: "Two Spains" versus the Periphery?
Xosé M. Núñez Seixas
7. Reflections on Swiss Historiography in Times of New Nationalism
8. Nation and the "Retrotopic" Politics of History in Poland
9. "Politics of History" and Authoritarian Regime-Building in Hungary After 1990
10. The Past that Never Left?: Nationalism, Historiography, and the Yugoslav Wars
11. The Ottomans and "My People": The Populist-Nationalist Discourse in Turkey Under the AKP Government
12. Independence, Revolution, War, and the Renaissance of National History in Ukraine
13. Between "Europe" and Russian "Sonderweg", Between "Empire" and "Nation": Historiography, Politics of History, and Discussion within Society in Russia
14. Res Publica Historicissima: The Politics of History in Israel
15. National Pride versus Critical History: American Memory Wars
Konrad H. Jarausch
16. Memory, History, and the Politics of the Hindu Right
17. Chinese National History: The Manchu-Qing in New Clothes
Hans van Ess
18. New Nationalism in Japan in the Twenty-first Century
Ronald Grigor Suny
Niels F. May is research coordinator at the German Historical Institute in Paris.
Thomas Maissen is the director of the German Historical Institute in Paris.