Notions of social change are often divided into local versus international. But what actually happens at the national level—where policies are ultimately made and implemented—when policy-making is interdependent worldwide? How do policy-makers take into account the prior choices of other countries? Far more research is needed on the process of interdependent decision-making in the world polity.
National Policy-Making: domestication of global trends offers a unique set of hybrid cases that straddle these disciplinary and conceptual divides. The volume brings together well-researched case studies of policy-making from across the world that speak to practical issues but also challenge current theories of global influence in local policies. Distancing itself from approaches that conceive narrowly of policy transfer as a "one-way street" from powerful nations to weaker ones, this book argues instead for an understanding of national decision-making processes that emphasize cross-national comparisons and domestic field battles around the introduction of worldwide models.
The case studies in this collection show how national policies appear to be synchronized globally yet are developed with distinct "national" flavors. Presenting new theoretical ideas and empirical cases, this book is aimed globally at scholars of political science, international relations, comparative public policy, and sociology.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements. 1. Introduction by Pertti Alasuutari and Ali Qadir Part I: Cross-national Comparisons 2. Interdependent Decision-Making in Practice: Justification of New Legislation in Six Countries by Pertti Alasuutari 3. Unholy Alliances: Competitiveness as a Domestic Power Strategy by Anu Kantola 4. The Sociogenesis of the Nation-State in European Social Policy by Stefan Bernhard 5. Global Trends in European Regional Development: The EU Cohesion Policy and the Case of Region-Building in Poland by Sebatian M. Büttner 6. The Role of PISA Publicity in Forming National Education Policy: The Case of the Finnish Curriculum Reform by Marjaana Rautalin Part II: Domestic Field Battles and Naturalization 7. Local Politics of Global Models’ Domestication: The Struggle over Central Bank Independence in Israel by Daniel Maman and Zeev Rosenhek 8. Global "Diffusion", Banal Nationalism, and the Politics of Policy Legitimation: A Genealogical Study of "Zest for Living" in Japanese Education Policy Discourse by Keita Takayama 9. Culture and History in the Domestication of Global Trends of Higher Education in Pakistan by Ali Qadir 10. Converging the National with Stakeholder Interests: Establishing a national Bioethics Committee in Finland by Jukka Syväterä and Pertti Alasuutari 11. Cleansing our Hands of the "Dirty War": The Colombian Domestication of Human Rights by Selina Gallo-Cruz
Pertti Alasuutari is Academy Professor in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Tampere, Finland.
Ali Qadir is a researcher in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Tampere, Finland.