National Politics and Sexuality in Transregional Perspective explores how modern identity politics around the world are gendered and sexualized in multiple ways. Constructions of the imagined collective "self" often contain references to a heteronormative order, whereas relevant internal or external "others" are often felt to deviate from this order through their gendered or sexual practices. By contrast, some Western countries have witnessed the evolution of LGBTQI-friendly discourses by certain political actors in recent years, often in the context of the post-9/11 culture wars.
This pathbreaking book focuses on perceptions of "self" and "other" in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa from a gendered perspective. It deals with anti-LGBTQI as well as LGBTQI-friendly aspects of modern culture and politics in countries within these regions, focusing on the functions such discursive markers play in nationalist and racist imageries, in discourses legitimizing class differences from the nineteenth century to the present day, including globalized discourses in the context of 9/11 and its aftermath. It shows that discourses on sexuality and gendered performances in everyday life often undermine the stability of such binary constructions, as they point to the multiplicity, ambivalence and the indeterminate character of individual and collective identities under conditions of modernity. Addressing contemporary identity politics both in a wider historical context and within a transregional comparative framework thus helps to discern differences and similarities between different world regions and serves to dislocate essentialized notions of cultural differences based on gender and sex. This book will appeal to those with an interest in Political Sociology, Gender Studies, and Globalisation.
Table of Contents
Introduction: National Politics and Sexuality in Transregional Perspective: The Homophobic Argument (Achim Rohde, Christina von Braun, Stefanie Schüler-Springorum)
Part 1: Europe
1. A Post-Progressive Nation: Homophobia, Islam, and the New Social Question in the Netherlands (Paul Mepschen)
2. Becoming Family: Orientalism, Homonormativity and Queer Asylum in Norway (Deniz Akin and Stine Helena Bang Svendsen)
3. Homophobia as Identity Politics and a Tool for Political Manipulation in the Former Yugoslavia (Hana Copic)
4. Contemporary Art versus Homophobia: Selected Eastern European Cases (Pawel Leszkowicz)
5. ‘How Gay is Germany?’ Homosexuality, Politics and Racism in Historical Perspective (Claudia Bruns)
Part 2: Middle East / North Africa
6. ‘An Oriental Vice’: Representations of Sodomy in Early Zionist Discourse (Ofri Ilani)
7. Arabic Literary Narratives on Homosexuality (Jolanda Guardi)
8. Gay in North African Literature? (Max Kramer)
9. The Struggle of LGBT People for Recognition in Turkey: An Analysis of Legal Discourses (Pinar Ilkkaracan)
10. Gays, Cross-Dressers, and Emos: Nonnormative Masculinities in Militarized Iraq (Achim Rohde)
Achim Rohde is a Middle East historian and scientific coordinator of the research network "Re-Configurations: History, Remembrance and Transformative Processes in the Middle East and North Africa" at the Center for Near and Middle East Studies, Philipps-Universität Marburg.
Christina von Braun is the co-director of The Center for Jewish Studies Berlin-Brandenburg, established in 2012. She was nominated full professor in 1994 at Humboldt University, Institute for Cultural History and Theory. Before, she worked as a freelance writer and film maker in New York, Paris, and Bonn, authoring 13 monographs, many edited books and more than fifty films.
Stefanie Schüler-Springorum studied Modern History, Ethnology and Political Science at the Universities of Göttingen, Germany, and Barcelona, Spain. She gained her PhD in 1993 from the University of Bochum, Germany. She has been head of the German branch of the Leo Baeck Institute since 2009, and Director of the Center for Research on Anti-Semitism, Berlin, since 2011.