1st Edition

Nationalising the Crusades Engaging the Crusades, Volume Eight

Edited By Mike Horswell Copyright 2023
    136 Pages
    by Routledge

    136 Pages
    by Routledge

    Engaging the Crusades is a series of concise volumes (up to 50,000 words) which offer initial windows into the ways in which the crusades have been used in the last two centuries, demonstrating that the memory of the crusades is an important and emerging subject. Together these studies suggest that the memory of the crusades, in the modern period, is a productive, exciting, and much needed area of investigation.

    Despite their ‘intrinsic internationalism’, the crusades have long been conscripted for nationalist ends. The last decade has seen an upsurge in usage of the crusades to justify and inspire violence played out within and across national contexts. This volume furthers study of nationalist uses of the crusades and crusading by broadening the focus of study beyond north-western Europe and by showcasing different approaches to illustrate how the memory of the crusades has been employed within and between nations. This takes the form of tightly focused case studies and broader overviews covering the ambivalent role of foreign crusaders in Portuguese commemorations of the battle of Lisbon in 1947, Russian holy war rhetoric and theology, Zionist perceptions of the crusader castle of ‘Athlit, the role of individuals as ‘cultural brokers’ of crusader heritage amidst European imperial competition, and how crusading as a part of European medievalism was received and reflected in Japan in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

    This book will be of interest to scholars and students considering national identity, medievalism, and religious violence and to those with specific interest in the contexts of each chapter.

    Introduction: crusade and nation

    Mike Horswell

    1) "Heroes and martyrs"?: national memories and foreign crusaders in Portuguese commemorations of the eighth centenary of the conquest of Lisbon (1947)

    Pedro Martins

    2) The Tsar’s crusade: invented holy war tradition in Russia (1780-1920)

    Adam Knobler

    3) Perceptions of crusader ‘Athlit in Zionist writing (1887-1941)

    Judith Bronstein

    4) Cultural brokers in the nationalisation of crusader architecture

    Astrid Swenson

    5) Bushido, chivalry and the crusades in Japan from the 1870s to the First World War

    Oleg Benesch


    Mike Horswell is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society and has a doctorate from Royal Holloway. He is the founder and co-series editor of Engaging the Crusades; he researches, teaches, and has published work on the modern memory and legacy of the crusades and is the author of The Rise and Fall of British Crusader Medievalism, c.1825-1945 (2018).