Groundwater resources naturally contain high levels of arsenic in many parts of the world. Over the last two decades, the As-containing groundwater in South-East Asia has received much attention, but the situation is just as crucial in Latin America, where the number of studies is still relatively low, and the extent and severity of As-exposure in the populations has yet to be fully evaluated. This book aims to promote knowledge of the occurrence and genesis of As-rich groundwater in Latin America. It deals with constraints on the mobility of As in groundwater, As-uptake from soil and water by plants, As-propagation through the food chain, human health impacts, and As-removal technologies. Case studies are presented from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru, amongst others, and are viewed against the background of experience from other world regions. The book is a state-of-art overview of arsenic research in Latin America. It aims to create interest within the Latin American countries affected by the presence of arseniferous aquifers and to increase awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives. It will also serve to inform the international scientific community, and improve international cooperation on arsenic in groundwater.
Arsenic Occurrence and Genesis in Sedimentary and Hard-Rock Aquifers. General Overview of Arsenic in Selected Aquifers. Arsenic in Soil, Water and Plants. Arsenic in Soils. Arsenic in Waters. Arsenic in Plants. Toxicology and Metabolism . Natural Emissions and Social Problems. Treatment and Remediation of Arsenic-Rich Groundwater. Regionally and Locally Available Materials. Chemical Methods. Other Technologies. Analytical Methods for Detection of Arsenic.
Jochen Bundschuh, University of Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia - firstname.lastname@example.org
Prosun Bhattacharya, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockhlom, Sweden - email@example.com
The book series "Arsenic in the Environment" is an inter- and multidisciplinary source of information, making an effort to link the occurrence of geogenic arsenic in different environments and the potential contamination of ground- and surface water, soil and air and their effect on the human society. The series fulfills the growing interest on the arsenic issue worldwide which is going alongside with stronger regulations of arsenic contents in drinking water and food, which were and are adapted not only by the industrialized countries, but increasingly by developing countries.
The book series covers all fields of research concerning arsenic in the environment with an aim to present an integrated approach from its occurrence in rocks and their mobilization into the ground- and surface water, soil and air, its transport therein, the pathways of arsenic and their introduction into the food chain up to the uptake by humans. Human arsenic exposure, bioavailability, metabolism and toxicology are treated together with related public health effects and risk assessments in order to better manage the contaminated land and aquatic environments to reduce human arsenic exposure. Arsenic removal technologies and other methodologies to mitigate the arsenic problem are addressed not only from the technological, but also from economic and social point of view. Only such inter- and multidisciplinary approaches, would allow case-specific selection of optimal mitigation measures of each specific arsenic problem mitigate the problem and provide the population arsenic safe drinking water, food, and air.