1st Edition

Natural Mineral Nanotubes Properties and Applications

Edited By Pooria Pasbakhsh, G. Jock Churchman Copyright 2015
    498 Pages 167 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    498 Pages 167 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    The book provides a wide introduction on history, minerology, geology, and the characteristics and application of different natural nanotubes. It is the first comprehensive book to discuss natural nanotubes, particularly halloysite nanotubes. The book will be useful mainly for postgraduate students and researchers working on the application of natural nanotubes. It will also be useful for those companies or researchers that focus on the design of materials and composites for sustainability.

    This book:

    • Provides updates on the diverse and expanding applications of natural mineral nanotubes (including halloysite, sepiolite, and palygorskite) in various industries, and polymer nanocomposites for medical, health, and environmental applications

    • Provides a comprehensive review of the modification and intercalation of different natural mineral nanotubes

    • Reviews recent studies of the mechanical properties of halloysite nanotubes

    • Provides an up-to-date background on the structure, identification, and nomenclature of various natural mineral nanotubes, including halloysite, palygorskite, sepiolite, chrysotile, and erionite

    • Gives comprehensive global information on the mineralogy, geology, and occurrence of natural mineral nanotubes

    • Discusses the current understanding of the health risks of natural mineral nanotubes


    Part 1: The Major Nanotubular Minerals and their Structures

    Phyllosilicates Used as Nanotube Substrates in Engineered Materials: Structures, Chemistries, and Textures; Stephen Guggenheim

    Part 2: The Identification and Nomenclature of Natural Mineral Nanotubes (A Historical Perspective)

    The Identification and Nomenclature of Halloysite (A Historical Perspective); G. Jock Churchman

    The Identification and Nomenclature of Sepiolite and Palygorskite (A Historical Perspective); Emilio Galán and Patricia Aparicio

    The Identification and Nomenclature of Chrysotile (A Historical Perspective); Saverio Fiore and F. Javier Huertas

    Part 3: Mineralogy, Geology and Occurrence of Natural Mineral Nanotubes

    The Mineralogy, Geology and Occurrences of Halloysite; John L Keeling

    The Mineralogy, Geology and Main Occurences of Sepiolite and Playgorskite Clays; Emilio Galán and Manuel Pozo

    The Mineralogy, Geology and Main Occurrences of Chrysotile; Saverio Fiore and F. Javier Huertas

    Part 4: Applications of Natural Mineral Nanotubes in Nanocomposites

    Polymer Nanocomposites Reinforced by Halloysite Nanotubes: A Review; Vahdat Vahedi and Pooria Pasbakhsh

    Part 5: Biopolymer Composites of Natural Mineral Nanotubes and Their Applications

    Bionanocomposites of Sepiolite and Palygorskite and Their Medical Issues; Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky, Margarita Darder, Francisco M. Fernandes, Bernd Wicklein, Ana C. S. Alcântara, and Pilar Aranda

    Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Poly Lactic Acid/Halloysite Nanotube Composites; Rangika T De Silva, Pooria Pasbakhsh, and Kheng Lim Goh

    Halloysite-Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) Nanocomposites for Biomedical Applications; Mingxian Liu, Peng Ao, Qi Peng, Binghong Luo, and Changren Zhou

    Current Research on Chitosan-Halloysite Composites; Kavitha Govindasamy, Pooria Pasbakhsh and KL Goh

    Part 6: Mechanical Properties of Halloysite and Other Nanotubes

    Measurement of the Elastic Modulus of Halloysite Nanotubes Using Atomic Force Microscopy; B. Lecouvet, C. Bailly, and B. Nysten

    Mechanics of Halloysite Nanotubes; Kheng Lim Goh, Rangika De Silva, Pooria Pasbakhsh

    Part 7: Modification of Natural Mineral Nanotubes

    Functionalization and Compatiblization of Halloysite Nanotubes; Vahdat Vahedi and Pooria Pasbakhsh

    Modification of Sepiolite and Palygorskite Nanotubes and Their Applications; Gustave Kenne Dedzo and Christian Detellier

    Organopalygorskites Prepared From Quaternary Ammonium Compounds and Their Environmental Uses; Binoy Sarkar and Ravi Naidu

    Surface Modification of Halloysite Nanotubes: Role of External Hydroxyl Groups; Vahdat Vahedi, Pooria Pasbakhsh, and Siang-Piao Chai

    Part 8: Natural Mineral Nanotubes as Nanoreactors used in Industrial and Agricultural Applications

    Halloysite Tubule Nanoreactors in Industrial and Agricultural Applications; Elshad Abdullaye and Yuri Lvov

    Some Further Industrial, Environmental and Biomedical Applications of Halloysite Nanotubes; B. Lecouvet and C. Bailly

    Nanotubular Minerals as Templates and Nanoreactors; Gustave Kenne Dedzo and Christian Detellier

    Part 9: Medical and Health applications of Natural Mineral Nanotubes and Their Health Problems

    Medical and Health Applications of Halloysite Nanotubes; Elshad Abdullayev

    Medical and Health Applications of Natural Mineral Nanotubes; César Viseras, Carola Aguzzi, and Pilar Cerezo

    The Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Different Naturally-Occurring Halloysites; Javiera Cervini Silva, Antonio Nieto-Camacho, and María Teresa Ramírez-Apán

    Health Effects of Carbon Nanotubes and Some Comparisons with Natural Mineral

    Nanotubes; Marie-Claude Jaurand

    Part 10: Final Remarks

    Current Trends in Research and Application of Natural Mineral Nanotubes; G. Jock Churchman and Pooria Pasbakhsh



    Pooria Pasbakhsh, PhD, is a lecturer at the School of Engineering at Monash University in Selangor, Malaysia since 2010 with a specialty in polymer nanocomposites and nanomaterials. He has published several journal and conference papers on characterization and applications of halloysite nanotubes. Since 2007 his research has been supported by the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia, Monash University, University of Science Malaysia and Geological Survey of South Australia Resources and Energy Group where he did a short postdoc on characterization of various halloysite nanotubes from different origins at the University of Adelaide in Australia. His current research interests concern the preparation, characterization, and modeling of bionanocomposites for packaging and medical applications. He is a member of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (UK), and the Australian Clay Minerals Society.

    G. Jock Churchman, PhD, is adjunct senior lecturer in soils at the University of Adelaide and part-time associate professor at the Centre for Environment Risk Assessment and Remediation at the University of South Australia. He continues trying to understand why halloysite contains interlayer water (his specific PhD thesis topic) while also pursuing many other research topics on clays, especially in soils. He was employed in the New Zealand Soil Bureau, DSIR for 16 years and in CSIRO Division of Soils (later Land and Water) for 14 years, and has held visiting fellowships in soil science at Reading University and the University of Western Australia. He is a former editor (now emeritus) of the journal of Applied Clay Science. In 2005, he completed a BA (Hons) in philosophy from Flinders University of South Australia with a thesis on the philosophical status of soil science. He obtained degrees in chemistry from Otago University in his native New Zealand. He studied the physical chemistry of halloysite for his PhD, under a fellowship from the New Zealand pottery and ceramics industry and carried out research for this industry for a short time before beginning a two-year post-doctoral fellowship in soil science at the University of Wisconsin, USA.