1st Edition

Natural Resources, Tourism and Community Livelihoods in Southern Africa Challenges of Sustainable Development

Edited By Moren T. Stone, Monkgogi Lenao, Naomi Moswete Copyright 2020
    304 Pages 17 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    304 Pages 17 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book examines the connections between natural resources, tourism and community livelihood practices in Southern Africa, highlighting the successes and constraints experienced over the last 50 years.

    Questioning how natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relations can positively contribute towards development efforts, this book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to understand socio-ecological systems that characterize the dynamics for sustainable development. It explores the history of conservation and natural resource management in Southern Africa and traces the development and growth of nature-based tourism. Boasting a wide range of tourism landscapes, including national parks, wetlands, forests and oceans, the book draws on case studies from a variety of Southern African countries, including Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and considers the political challenges for implementing policies and practices. Furthermore, it analyses broader issues such as the impact of climate change, human–wildlife co-existence and resulting conflicts, poor access to funding and poverty in local communities. The book argues that the links between conservation and livelihoods can be best understood by considering the different approaches to reconciling the demands of conservation and livelihoods that have evolved over the past decades.

    Containing contributions from natural and social sciences the book provides guidance for practitioners and policymakers to continue to shape policies and practices that are in line with the key tenets of sustainable development. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars researching Southern Africa, sustainable tourism and conservation.

    1. Contextualizing and conceptualizing relationships in natural resources, tourism, and community livelihoods: An overview
    2. Naomi N. Moswete, Monkgogi Lenao and Moren T. Stone

      Part I Natural Resources Management and Conservation in Southern Africa: History and Trajectories

    3. Historical evolution of conservation and tourism in southern Africa: the case of Botswana
    4. Bongani Glorious Gumbo

    5. Nature Tourism, Wildlife Resources and Community Based Conservation: Case of Malawi
    6. James Malitoni Chilembwe

    7. The Context and Future of Tourism in Africa’s National Parks: Could Privatization within Protected Areas be the Panacea?
    8. Cleopas Njerekai

    9. A review of community social upliftment practices by tourism multinational companies in Botswana
    10. Wame L Hambira

    11. Navigating community conservancies and institutional complexities in Namibia
    12. Paul Hebinck, Richard Dimba Kiaka and Rodgers Lubilo

    13. Fourteen Years of Tourism and Climate Change Research in southern Africa: Lessons on Sustainability under Conditions of Global Change
    14. Gijsbert Hoogendoorn and Jennifer M. Fitchett

      Part II Natural Resource-Based Tourism Development and Growth In Southern Africa: Policy Issues, Challenges and Practices

    15. The Analysis of Conflict and Coexistence of Traditional and Contemporary Land Uses
    16. Patricia K. Mogomotsi, Melville Saayman and Andrea Saayman

    17. Local people’s perspectives on wildlife conservation, ecotourism and community livelihoods: A case study of Lusaka National Park
    18. Vincent R. Nyirenda, Castro Milimo and Ngawo Namukonde

    19. Tourism and Poverty Alleviation in the Global South: Emerging Corporate Social Responsibility in the Namibian Nature-based Tourism Industry
    20. Mary Ellen Kimaro and Jarkko Saarinen

    21. Revisiting Devolution in Community-Based Natural Resources Management in Zimbabwe: towards an inclusive governance approaches
    22. Jones Mudimu Muzirambi, Regis Musavengane and Kevin Mearns

      Part III Conservation and Tourism Development Debates in Southern Africa: Origins, Narratives and Progress

    23. The Economics and Governance of the Wildlife Economy in Drylands in southern Africa
    24. Brian A. Child

    25. Role of Forest Resources in Local community Livelihoods: Implications for conservation of Chobe Forest Reserve, Botswana
    26. Joyce Lepetu and Hesekia Garekae

    27. An assessment of Supply side factors and Ecotourism in Mauritius
    28. Seetanah Boopen. And Sannassee R.V

    29. Investigating sustainable development goals, livelihoods and tourism development in a rural protected area: the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa
    30. Felicite A Fairer-Wessels

      Part IV Southern Africa in the World: Cases, and Lessons

    31. Natural Resources, Sustainable Tourism Development and Community Livelihoods Relationships: A comparison between Botswana and the USA
    32. Moren T. Stone , Gyan P. Nyaupane , Dallen Timothy and Lesego S. Stone

    33. Economic Assessment of Tourism based Livelihoods for Sustainable Development: A Case of Handicrafts in Southern and Eastern Africa
    34. Gagoitseope Mmopelwa and Lesego Mackenzie

    35. Comparison evaluation of visitors ‘perception of park characteristics in southern Africa
    36. Brijesh Thapa

      Part V Conclusion

    37. Synthesis and conclusions derived from chapter outcomes

    Monkgogi Lenao, Naomi Moswete and Moren Stone


    Moren T. Stone is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana.

    Monkgogi Lenao is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Botswana.

    Naomi Moswete is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana.

    "This book looks at a range of case studies from Southern Africa and unpacks the complex and dynamic relationship between natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods... there is much food for thought in this set of case studies to form the basis of some much-needed foresight work in the field."Sabine Michaela Lehmann, Journal of Tourism Futures, Vol. 6 No. 3, 2020