This book examines the connections between natural resources, tourism and community livelihood practices in Southern Africa, highlighting the successes and constraints experienced over the last 50 years.
Questioning how natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relations can positively contribute towards development efforts, this book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to understand socio-ecological systems that characterize the dynamics for sustainable development. It explores the history of conservation and natural resource management in Southern Africa and traces the development and growth of nature-based tourism. Boasting a wide range of tourism landscapes, including national parks, wetlands, forests and oceans, the book draws on case studies from a variety of Southern African countries, including Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and considers the political challenges for implementing policies and practices. Furthermore, it analyses broader issues such as the impact of climate change, human–wildlife co-existence and resulting conflicts, poor access to funding and poverty in local communities. The book argues that the links between conservation and livelihoods can be best understood by considering the different approaches to reconciling the demands of conservation and livelihoods that have evolved over the past decades.
Containing contributions from natural and social sciences the book provides guidance for practitioners and policymakers to continue to shape policies and practices that are in line with the key tenets of sustainable development. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars researching Southern Africa, sustainable tourism and conservation.
Table of Contents
- Contextualizing and conceptualizing relationships in natural resources, tourism, and community livelihoods: An overview
- Historical evolution of conservation and tourism in southern Africa: the case of Botswana
- Nature Tourism, Wildlife Resources and Community Based Conservation: Case of Malawi
- The Context and Future of Tourism in Africa’s National Parks: Could Privatization within Protected Areas be the Panacea?
- A review of community social upliftment practices by tourism multinational companies in Botswana
- Navigating community conservancies and institutional complexities in Namibia
- Fourteen Years of Tourism and Climate Change Research in southern Africa: Lessons on Sustainability under Conditions of Global Change
- The Analysis of Conflict and Coexistence of Traditional and Contemporary Land Uses
- Local people’s perspectives on wildlife conservation, ecotourism and community livelihoods: A case study of Lusaka National Park
- Tourism and Poverty Alleviation in the Global South: Emerging Corporate Social Responsibility in the Namibian Nature-based Tourism Industry
- Revisiting Devolution in Community-Based Natural Resources Management in Zimbabwe: towards an inclusive governance approaches
- The Economics and Governance of the Wildlife Economy in Drylands in southern Africa
- Role of Forest Resources in Local community Livelihoods: Implications for conservation of Chobe Forest Reserve, Botswana
- An assessment of Supply side factors and Ecotourism in Mauritius
- Investigating sustainable development goals, livelihoods and tourism development in a rural protected area: the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa
- Natural Resources, Sustainable Tourism Development and Community Livelihoods Relationships: A comparison between Botswana and the USA
- Economic Assessment of Tourism based Livelihoods for Sustainable Development: A Case of Handicrafts in Southern and Eastern Africa
- Comparison evaluation of visitors ‘perception of park characteristics in southern Africa
- Synthesis and conclusions derived from chapter outcomes
Naomi N. Moswete, Monkgogi Lenao and Moren T. Stone
Part I Natural Resources Management and Conservation in Southern Africa: History and Trajectories
Bongani Glorious Gumbo
James Malitoni Chilembwe
Wame L Hambira
Paul Hebinck, Richard Dimba Kiaka and Rodgers Lubilo
Gijsbert Hoogendoorn and Jennifer M. Fitchett
Part II Natural Resource-Based Tourism Development and Growth In Southern Africa: Policy Issues, Challenges and Practices
Patricia K. Mogomotsi, Melville Saayman and Andrea Saayman
Vincent R. Nyirenda, Castro Milimo and Ngawo Namukonde
Mary Ellen Kimaro and Jarkko Saarinen
Jones Mudimu Muzirambi, Regis Musavengane and Kevin Mearns
Part III Conservation and Tourism Development Debates in Southern Africa: Origins, Narratives and Progress
Brian A. Child
Joyce Lepetu and Hesekia Garekae
Seetanah Boopen. And Sannassee R.V
Felicite A Fairer-Wessels
Part IV Southern Africa in the World: Cases, and Lessons
Moren T. Stone , Gyan P. Nyaupane , Dallen Timothy and Lesego S. Stone
Gagoitseope Mmopelwa and Lesego Mackenzie
Part V Conclusion
Monkgogi Lenao, Naomi Moswete and Moren Stone
Moren T. Stone is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana.
Monkgogi Lenao is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Botswana.
Naomi Moswete is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana.
"This book looks at a range of case studies from Southern Africa and unpacks the complex and dynamic relationship between natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods... there is much food for thought in this set of case studies to form the basis of some much-needed foresight work in the field." — Sabine Michaela Lehmann, Journal of Tourism Futures, Vol. 6 No. 3, 2020