1st Edition

Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems

By Suthan S. Suthersan Copyright 2001
    440 Pages 200 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Building on the success of bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies, Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems explores remediation techniques that use the beneficial effects provided by Mother Nature. Written by a leader in the industry, the book provides state-of-the-art information on natural and enhanced remediation techniques such as monitored natural attenuation, in situ reactive zones, bio-augmentation, in situ chemical oxidation, phytoremediation, constructed wetlands, and engineered phyto-covers. It contrasts the new paradigms in remediation with the conventional remedies of the past two decades. It addresses theoretical and design aspects and includes case studies that illustrate implementation and performance details. The appendixes contain substantial information and data usually found scattered in many different books and research papers, making Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems a comprehensive resource on cutting-edge remediation technologies.

    Hazardous Wastes Pollution and Evolution of Remediation
    The Concept of Risk
    Evolution of Understanding of Fate and Transport in Natural Systems
    Evolution of Remediation Technologies
    Contaminant and Environmental Characteristics
    Contaminant Characteristics
    Environmental Characteristics
    Monitored Natural Attenuation
    Approaches for Evaluating Natural Attenuation
    Patterns vs. Protocols
    Processes Affecting Natural Attenuation of Compounds
    Monitoring and Sampling for Natural Attenuation
    In Situ Reactive Zones
    Engineered Anaerobic Systems
    Engineered Aerobic Systems
    In Situ Chemical Oxidation Systems
    Nano-Scale Fe (0) Colloid Injection within an IRZ
    Chemicals in the Soil-Plant System
    Types of Phytoremediation
    Phytoremediation Design
    Constructed Treatment Wetlands
    Types of Constructed Wetlands
    Microbial and Plant Communities of a Wetland
    Wetland Soils
    Contaminant Removal Mechanisms
    Treatment Wetlands for Groundwater Remediation
    Engineered Vegetative Landfill Covers
    Historical Perspective on Landfill Practices
    The Role of Caps in the Containment of Wastes
    Conventional Landfill Covers
    Landfill Dynamics
    Alternative Landfill Cover Technology
    Phyto-Cover Technology
    Phyto-Cover Design
    Cover System Performance
    Example Application
    Summary of Phyto-Cover Water Balance
    General Phyto-Cover Maintenance Activities
    Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Schedule
    Specific Operational Issues
    Appendix A: Physical Properties of Some Common Environmental Contaminants
    Appendix B: Useful Information for Biogeochemical Sampling
    Appendix C: Common and Scientific Names of Various Plants


    Suthan S. Suthersan

    "Dr. Suthersan's strategic acumen, creativity and technical expertise have enabled me to save many millions of dollars for my company through the application of Natural Remediation Systems … if remediation stakeholders adopt the principles and systems described in this book, billions of dollars will be saved while cleanup risks will be more safely reduced and the ecologic and economic value of contaminated lands will be more effectively restored." -Timothy A. Bent, Director of Environmental Affairs, Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc.

    "Dr. Suthersan is the most innovative thinker active in the field of remediation technology research. But what is even more remarkable is his ability to translate his scientific findings into actual, practical, applications. His project strategies have proven impressive to regulators for their effectiveness and to clients for their substantial cost efficiency. This book captures some of this brilliance and should serve to broadcast this convergence of regulatory and business ideals to a wider cross-section of the environmental community." - James Vines, Partner, Baker Worthington Bearman & Caldwell Law Firm (Environmental Practice Area)

    "Dr. Suthan S. Suthersan has shared his wealth of experience of practical applications of innovative environmental remediation technologies as part of our corporate remediation strategic business planning process resulting in improved outcomes in achieving our environmental policy, risk management and business goals." - Mr. Richard Ramirez, Vice President/Head Corporate Remediation, Americas, Celanese AG, Charlotte, North Carolina