Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems

1st Edition

By Suthan S. Suthersan

CRC Press

440 pages | 200 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781566702829
pub: 2001-08-06
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429140068
pub: 2001-08-06
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Building on the success of bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies, Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems explores remediation techniques that use the beneficial effects provided by Mother Nature. Written by a leader in the industry, the book provides state-of-the-art information on natural and enhanced remediation techniques such as monitored natural attenuation, in situ reactive zones, bio-augmentation, in situ chemical oxidation, phytoremediation, constructed wetlands, and engineered phyto-covers. It contrasts the new paradigms in remediation with the conventional remedies of the past two decades. It addresses theoretical and design aspects and includes case studies that illustrate implementation and performance details. The appendixes contain substantial information and data usually found scattered in many different books and research papers, making Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems a comprehensive resource on cutting-edge remediation technologies.


"Dr. Suthersan's strategic acumen, creativity and technical expertise have enabled me to save many millions of dollars for my company through the application of Natural Remediation Systems … if remediation stakeholders adopt the principles and systems described in this book, billions of dollars will be saved while cleanup risks will be more safely reduced and the ecologic and economic value of contaminated lands will be more effectively restored." -Timothy A. Bent, Director of Environmental Affairs, Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc.

"Dr. Suthersan is the most innovative thinker active in the field of remediation technology research. But what is even more remarkable is his ability to translate his scientific findings into actual, practical, applications. His project strategies have proven impressive to regulators for their effectiveness and to clients for their substantial cost efficiency. This book captures some of this brilliance and should serve to broadcast this convergence of regulatory and business ideals to a wider cross-section of the environmental community." - James Vines, Partner, Baker Worthington Bearman & Caldwell Law Firm (Environmental Practice Area)

"Dr. Suthan S. Suthersan has shared his wealth of experience of practical applications of innovative environmental remediation technologies as part of our corporate remediation strategic business planning process resulting in improved outcomes in achieving our environmental policy, risk management and business goals." - Mr. Richard Ramirez, Vice President/Head Corporate Remediation, Americas, Celanese AG, Charlotte, North Carolina

Table of Contents

Hazardous Wastes Pollution and Evolution of Remediation


The Concept of Risk

Evolution of Understanding of Fate and Transport in Natural Systems

Evolution of Remediation Technologies


Contaminant and Environmental Characteristics


Contaminant Characteristics

Environmental Characteristics


Monitored Natural Attenuation


Approaches for Evaluating Natural Attenuation

Patterns vs. Protocols

Processes Affecting Natural Attenuation of Compounds

Monitoring and Sampling for Natural Attenuation


In Situ Reactive Zones


Engineered Anaerobic Systems

Engineered Aerobic Systems

In Situ Chemical Oxidation Systems

Nano-Scale Fe (0) Colloid Injection within an IRZ




Chemicals in the Soil-Plant System

Types of Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Design


Constructed Treatment Wetlands


Types of Constructed Wetlands

Microbial and Plant Communities of a Wetland

Wetland Soils

Contaminant Removal Mechanisms

Treatment Wetlands for Groundwater Remediation


Engineered Vegetative Landfill Covers

Historical Perspective on Landfill Practices

The Role of Caps in the Containment of Wastes

Conventional Landfill Covers

Landfill Dynamics

Alternative Landfill Cover Technology

Phyto-Cover Technology

Phyto-Cover Design

Cover System Performance

Example Application

Summary of Phyto-Cover Water Balance

General Phyto-Cover Maintenance Activities

Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Schedule

Specific Operational Issues


Appendix A: Physical Properties of Some Common Environmental Contaminants

Appendix B: Useful Information for Biogeochemical Sampling

Appendix C: Common and Scientific Names of Various Plants

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General